NCERT Solutions For Class 6 Social Science Geography Chapter 5 - Major Domains of the Earth

NCERT Book Solutions Class 6 Chapter 5

Earth is the only planet which has life. The surface of the earth is a complex zone where the three main components of the environment meet, overlap and interact. There are four major domains of the Earth – lithosphere, atmosphere, hydrosphere and biosphere. The atmosphere is divided into four layers based on composition, temperature and other properties. The different layers of the atmosphere are troposphere, stratosphere, mesosphere, thermosphere and exosphere. So, to have a clear understanding of these topics refer to the NCERT Solutions of Class 6 Social Science Geography Chapter 5. Students can benefit greatly by referring to these solutions while preparing for their exam.

Students can download the NCERT Solutions for Class 6 Geography PDF below

NCERT Solutions for Class 6 Geography (The Earth: Our Habitat) Chapter 5 Major domains of the Earth:-Download PDF here

NCERT Solutions Class 6 Social Science Geography Chapter 5 Major Domains of the Earth 1
NCERT Solutions Class 6 Social Science Geography Chapter 5 Major Domains of the Earth 2
NCERT Solutions Class 6 Social Science Geography Chapter 5 Major Domains of the Earth 3

NCERT Solutions for Class 6 Geography Chapter 5- Major domains of the Earth

1. Answer the following questions briefly.

(a) What are the four major domains of the earth?

(b) Name the major continents of the earth.

(c) Name the two continents that lie entirely in the Southern Hemisphere.

(d) Name the different layers of the atmosphere.

(e) Why is the earth called the ‘blue planet’?

(f) Why is the Northern Hemisphere called the Land Hemisphere?

(g) Why is the Biosphere important for living organisms?

Answer 1.

(a)The four major domains of the Earth are – Lithosphere, Atmosphere, Hydrosphere and Biosphere.

(b)There are 7 major continents of the earth. They are:

  1. Asia
  2. Europe
  3. Africa
  4. North America
  5. South America
  6. Australia
  7. Antarctica

(c) Two continents that lie entirely in the southern hemisphere are – Australia and Antarctica.

(d) The different layers of the atmosphere are :

  1. Troposphere
  2. Stratosphere
  3. Mesosphere
  4. Thermosphere
  5. Exosphere

(e) The earth is called the blue planet, because 71% of the earth is covered with water and the remaining 29% makes up the land.

(f) The northern hemisphere is called land hemisphere, because a major part of landmass lies in it.

(g) The Biosphere is important for living organisms, because life exists here due to the presence of 3 major components- land, air and water.

2. Tick the correct answers.

(a) The mountain range that separates Europe from Asia is

(i) the Andes (ii) the Himalayas (iii) the Urals

(b) The continent of North America is linked to South America by

(i) an Isthmus (ii) a Strait (iii) a Canal

(c) The major constituent of the atmosphere by per cent is

(i) Nitrogen (ii) Oxygen (iii) Carbon dioxide

(d) The domain of the earth consisting of solid rocks is

(i) the Atmosphere (ii) the Hydrosphere (iii) the Lithosphere

(e) Which is the largest continent?

(i) Africa (ii) Asia (iii) Australia

Answer 2.

  1. (iii) the Urals
  2. (i) an Isthmus
  3. (i) Nitrogen
  4. (iii) the Lithosphere
  5. (ii) Asia

3. Fill in the blanks.

(a) The deepest point on the earth is _____________ in the Pacific Ocean.

(b) The _____________ Ocean is named after a country.

(c) The _____________ is a narrow contact zone of land, water and air that supports life.

(d) The continents of Europe and Asia together are known as _____________.

(e) The highest mountain peak on the earth is _____________.

Answer 3.

(a) The deepest point on the earth is Mariana Trench in the Pacific Ocean.

(b) The Indian Ocean is named after a country.

(c) The Biosphere is a narrow contact zone of land, water and air that supports life.

(d) The continents of Europe and Asia together are known as Eurasia.

(e) The highest mountain peak on the earth is Mount Everest.

Major domains of the Earth Summary

The NCERT Class 6 Geography The Earth: Our Habitat Chapter 5 has the following topics:

  • Lithosphere
  • Continents
  • Biosphere

Geography – The Earth: Our Habitat is an important book for Class 6 Social Science subject. Apart from this chapter, the full set of NCERT solutions for Class 6 Social Science is given in the linked article.

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