MCQs on Food Adulteration

The enactment of adulterating food, contaminating food substances by the addition of some substances known as adulterants and the process is called adulteration. This is a major challenge in today’s time with the growing demand for food. Adulterants are typically food particles with very less to zero nutritional value added to food items to increase technical and economical benefits which can be reaped.

1. This method dehydrates microbial cells by plasmolysis thereby causing them to die

(a) Heating

(b) Smoking

(c) Pasteurization

(d) Sugaring

Answer: (d)

2. The full form of PFA is

(a) Prevention of Food Act

(b) Protection of Food Act

(c) Prevention of Food Adulteration

(d) None of the above is correct

Answer: (c)

3. The preservation of food through ‘ Cold sterilization’ involves

(a) Dehydration

(b) Lyophilization

(c) Refrigeration

(d) Radiation

Answer: (d)

4. This is an example of biological hazard

(a) Cleaners

(b) Antibiotics

(c) Salmonella

(d) Dirt

Answer: (c)

5. Under the PFA Act, when is the food said to be adulterated

(a)if any ingredient is injurious to health

(b) if it is obtained from a diseased animal

(c) if spices are sold without their essence

(d) all of these

Answer: (d)

6. This statement about Potassium Bromate is/are true

1. Potassium Bromate is a category 2B carcinogen

2. Potassium Bromate increases dough strength, leads to higher rising and uniform

finish to baked products

3. Food Safety and Standards Authority of India (FSSAI) allows them upto 50 parts per million

(a)1,2

(b) 1,3

(c) 2,3

(d) All of these

Answer: (d)

7. HACCP stands for

(a) Physical, Chemical and Biological hazards

(b) Accurately monitoring food hygiene hazards

(c) Identifying CCPs, inclusive of procedure, location and process

(d) A systematic analysis of all steps and regular monitoring of control points

Answer: (d)

8. Pasteurization is the process of healing milk

(a) above 1500C

(b) above 1210C

(c) above boiling point

(d) below boiling point

Answer: (d)

9. This reason shows the impact of adulteration on the economy

(a) Adulteration -> People falling sick -> court cases

(b) Adulteration -> People falling sick ->spending money on treatment

(c) Adulteration -> People falling sick ->spending money on treatment or court cases

(d) None of these

Answer: (c)

10. This is an adulterant

(a) Pesticides

(b) Urea

(c) Iron filings in tea

(d) All of the above

Answer: (d)

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