Waterfall Geology

A waterfall is a point in a river or stream where water flows over a vertical drop or a series of steep drops. This article will shed light on the different types of waterfalls and brief details regarding some of the waterfalls in India.

Different Types of Waterfall

The different types of waterfalls are given below:

  • Moulin waterfall
  • Segmented waterfall
  • Cataract waterfall
  • Tiered/Multi-step/Staircase waterfall
  • Cascade waterfall
  • Horsetail waterfall
  • Punchbowl waterfall
  • Plunge waterfall
  • Ledge waterfall

Waterfalls in India

Some of the most famous waterfalls in India are listed below:

Shivanasamudra waterfall

Shivanasamudra waterfall is situated along the river Kaveri. Shivanasamudra Falls is a waterfall on the border of Malavalli taluk, Mandya district and Kollegala taluk, Chamarajanagara district of the state of Karnataka, India.

Jog falls

Jog falls is the third highest plunge waterfall in India. Jog Falls is a waterfall on the Sharavati river located in the Western Ghats of Sagar Taluk of Shivamogga District, Karnataka.

Dudhsagar waterfall

Dudhsagar Falls is a four-tiered waterfall located on the Mandovi River in the Indian state of Goa. Dudhsagar waterfall is located on the Belgavi–Vasco Da Gama rail route about 46 km east of Madgaon.

Nohkalikai waterfall

Nohkalikai waterfall is located near Cherrapunji, in the Indian state of Meghalaya. The height of the Nohkalikai waterfall is 340 metres. Nohkalikai waterfall is the tallest plunge waterfall in India.

Kunchikal waterfall

The Varahi river forms the Kunchikal waterfall. Kunchikal waterfall is located in the Nidagodu village near Masthikatte in the Shimoga district of Karnataka.

Athirappilly waterfall

Athirappilly waterfall is the largest waterfall in Kerala. Athirappilly waterfall is situated in Athirappilly Panchayat in Chalakudy taluk of Thrissur district in Kerala.

Chitrakote waterfall

Chitrakote waterfall is located close to Jagdalpur, in the Bastar district of Chhattisgarh. The Chitrakote waterfall is a natural waterfall on the Indravati River.

Thalaiyar waterfall

Thalaiyar waterfall is located in Tamil Nadu. Thalaiyar waterfall is formed by the Manjalar river, one of the tributaries of the Vaigai river.

Barkana waterfall

The Barkana waterfall is formed by the Seetha River. This waterfall is located near Agumbe in Shimoga district, Karnataka.

Hebbe waterfall

It is located about 10 km from the famous hill station Kemmangundi, Chikkamagaluru in Karnataka, India.

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Frequently Asked Questions (FAQs)


What type of weathering is a waterfall?

It is an example of physical weathering.

Are waterfalls formed by erosion or deposition?

Waterfalls are formed by erosion.

Is Nile or Amazon bigger?

The Amazon is considered the world’s largest river by volume, but scientists have believed it is slightly shorter than Africa’s Nile.

What are the physical characteristics of a waterfall?

Waterfalls are found in areas with bands of hard and soft rock. A waterfall is a feature of erosion found in the youth stage of a river.

Where does water in waterfalls come from?

The sources of waterfalls could be rivers, streams, glaciers. For example, out of the fifteen largest waterfalls, rivers are the sources of thirteen waterfalls and glaciers are sources of two waterfalls.