A waterfall is a point in a river or stream where water flows over a vertical drop or a series of steep drops. This article will shed light on the different types of waterfalls and brief details regarding some of the waterfalls in India.
Different Types of Waterfall
The different types of waterfalls are given below:
- Moulin waterfall
- Segmented waterfall
- Cataract waterfall
- Tiered/Multi-step/Staircase waterfall
- Cascade waterfall
- Horsetail waterfall
- Punchbowl waterfall
- Plunge waterfall
- Ledge waterfall
Waterfalls in India
Some of the most famous waterfalls in India are listed below:
Shivanasamudra waterfall is situated along the river Kaveri. Shivanasamudra Falls is a waterfall on the border of Malavalli taluk, Mandya district and Kollegala taluk, Chamarajanagara district of the state of Karnataka, India.
Jog falls is the third highest plunge waterfall in India. Jog Falls is a waterfall on the Sharavati river located in the Western Ghats of Sagar Taluk of Shivamogga District, Karnataka.
Dudhsagar Falls is a four-tiered waterfall located on the Mandovi River in the Indian state of Goa. Dudhsagar waterfall is located on the Belgavi–Vasco Da Gama rail route about 46 km east of Madgaon.
Nohkalikai waterfall is located near Cherrapunji, in the Indian state of Meghalaya. The height of the Nohkalikai waterfall is 340 metres. Nohkalikai waterfall is the tallest plunge waterfall in India.
The Varahi river forms the Kunchikal waterfall. Kunchikal waterfall is located in the Nidagodu village near Masthikatte in the Shimoga district of Karnataka.
Athirappilly waterfall is the largest waterfall in Kerala. Athirappilly waterfall is situated in Athirappilly Panchayat in Chalakudy taluk of Thrissur district in Kerala.
Chitrakote waterfall is located close to Jagdalpur, in the Bastar district of Chhattisgarh. The Chitrakote waterfall is a natural waterfall on the Indravati River.
Thalaiyar waterfall is located in Tamil Nadu. Thalaiyar waterfall is formed by the Manjalar river, one of the tributaries of the Vaigai river.
The Barkana waterfall is formed by the Seetha River. This waterfall is located near Agumbe in Shimoga district, Karnataka.
It is located about 10 km from the famous hill station Kemmangundi, Chikkamagaluru in Karnataka, India.
- List of Highest Waterfalls in India for General Awareness
- Drainage System of India [UPSC Geography Notes]
- World’s Longest Rivers – List of Major Rivers For General Awareness
- Length of Indian Rivers and Major River Systems
- National River of India – Ganga River Facts for UPSC
- What are the Parts of a River Called?