What are the Parts of a River Called?

The river is divided into 3 different parts.

  1. Upper Course – This part is closest to the source of the river. The land is usually high and mountainous. The river is fast flowing in this part.
  2. Middle Course – In this part the river starts to slow down. It gets wider and starts travelling in winding loops. There is a lot of erosion, deposition and transportation.
  3. Lower Course – It is the last course of the river. In this part, the river approaches the sea. The speed of the river is the slowest in this part.

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What are the Edges of a River Called?

Edges of a river are called the Banks. They are the sides of a river between which the water flows normally.

What is the Direction of a River Flows called?

  1. Upstream – it refers to the direction towards the source of the river i.e. against the direction of flow.
  2. Downstream – It refers to the direction towards the mouth of the river, in which the current flows. Here mouth of the river means, the point at which a river joins another river, or a point at which the river joins the sea.

What are the Main Features of a River?

There are many features of a river, which can be broadly classified into erosional features and depositional features.

Below table gives the list of features of a river

Erosional Features
  1. Interlocking Spurs
  2. Meanders
  3. Ox-Bow lakes
  4. V-shaped valleys
  5. Waterfalls
Depositional Features
  1. Deltas
  2. Flood Plain
  3. Levee’s

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