Do you know which is the longest river in the world? The River Nile is the longest river that is 7088 kilometres in length. It empties into the Mediterranean Sea and crosses both the Equator and Tropic Of Cancer.
The topic ‘Major Rivers of the World’ is important for competitive exams. For exams like SSC, RRB, Bank and other Government exams the topic is covered in general awareness sections. UPSC aspirants might also encounter 1 or 2 questions related to important rivers in UPSC prelims.
This article will read about the longest rivers in the world. Candidates will get to know the important rivers, its length, and the source of origin. Also, candidates will be able to download the list of World’s Longest Rivers PDF comprising details of top 50 rivers of the world.
|Aspirants of various Government exams can check the given links for assistance:|
Longest Rivers of The World
The table given below enlists the top 50 longest rivers in the world along with the length of each river, their source and the countries they touch or flow through.
|Longest Rivers of the World|
|No.||River Names||Length (km)||Outflow||Countries Sharing Drainage Basin|
|1.||Nile– White-Nile –Kagera –Nyabarongo –Mwogo –Rukarara||7,088||Mediterranean||Ethiopia, Eritrea, Sudan, Uganda, Tanzania, Kenya, Rwanda, Burundi, Egypt, the Democratic Republic of the Congo, South Sudan|
|2.||Amazon–Ucayali–Tambo–Ene–Mantaro||6,992||Atlantic Ocean||Brazil, Peru, Bolivia, Colombia, Ecuador, Venezuela, Guyana|
(Chang Jiang; Long River)
|6,418||East China Sea||China|
|4.||Mississippi–Missouri–Jefferson–Beaverhead–Red Rock–Hell Roaring||6,275||Gulf of Mexico||United States (98.5%), Canada (1.5%)|
|5.||Yenisei–Angara–Selenge–Ider||5,539||Kara Sea||Russia (97%), Mongolia (2.9%)|
|7.||Ob–Irtysh||5,410||Gulf of Ob||Russia, Kazakhstan, China, Mongolia|
|8.||Río de la Plata–Paraná–Rio Grande||4,880||Río de la Plata||Brazil (46.7%), Argentina (27.7%), Paraguay (13.5%), Bolivia (8.3%), Uruguay (3.8%)|
|4,700||Atlantic Ocean||Democratic Republic of the Congo, Central African Republic, Angola, Republic of the Congo, Tanzania, Cameroon, Zambia, Burundi, Rwanda|
|4,444||Sea of Okhotsk||Russia, China, Mongolia|
|4,350||South China Sea||China, Myanmar, Laos, Thailand, Cambodia, Vietnam|
|14.||Niger||4,200||Gulf of Guinea||Nigeria (26.6%), Mali (25.6%), Niger (23.6%), Algeria (7.6%), Guinea (4.5%), Cameroon (4.2%), Burkina Faso (3.9%), Côte d’Ivoire, Benin, Chad|
|15.||Brahmaputra–Tsangpo||3,848||Ganges||India (58.0%), China (19.7%), Nepal (9.0%), Bangladesh (6.6%), Disputed India/China (4.2%), Bhutan (2.4%)|
|17.||Tocantins–Araguaia||3,650||Atlantic Ocean, Amazon||Brazil|
|19.||Indus–Sênggê Zangbo||3,610||Arabian Sea||Pakistan (93%), India and China|
|20.||Shatt al-Arab–Euphrates–Murat||3,596||Persian Gulf||Iraq (60.5%), Turkey (24.8%), Syria (14.7%)|
|21.||Madeira–Mamoré–Grande–Caine–Rocha||3,380||Amazon||Brazil, Bolivia, Peru|
|23.||Yukon||3,185||Bering Sea||United States (59.8%), Canada (40.2%)|
|24.||São Francisco||3,180||Atlantic Ocean||Brazil|
|25.||Syr Darya–Naryn||3,078||Aral Sea||Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Uzbekistan, Tajikistan|
|3,060||Andaman Sea||China (52.4%), Myanmar (43.9%), Thailand (3.7%)|
|27.||Saint Lawrence–Niagara–Detroit–Saint Clair–Saint Marys–Saint Louis–North (Great Lakes)||3,058||Gulf of Saint Lawrence||Canada (52.1%), United States (47.9%)|
|28.||Rio Grande||3,057||Gulf of Mexico||United States (52.1%), Mexico (47.9%)|
|30.||Danube–Breg (Donau, Dunăre, Duna, Dunav, Dunaj)||2,888||Black Sea||Romania (28.9%), Hungary (11.7%), Austria (10.3%), Serbia (10.3%), Germany (7.5%), Slovakia (5.8%), Bulgaria (5.2%), Croatia (4.5%), Ukraine (3.8%)|
|31.||Irrawaddy River–N’Mai River–Dulong River–Kelaoluo–Gada Qu||2,727||Andaman Sea||China, Myanmar|
|2,693||Mozambique Channel||Zambia (41.6%), Angola (18.4%), Zimbabwe (15.6%), Mozambique (11.8%), Malawi (8.0%), Tanzania (2.0%), Namibia, Botswana|
|35.||Ganges–Hooghly–Padma (Ganga)||2,620||Bay of Bengal||India, Bangladesh, Nepal|
|36.||Amu Darya–Panj||2,620||Aral Sea||Uzbekistan, Turkmenistan, Tajikistan, Afghanistan|
|37.||Japurá (Rio Yapurá)||2,615||Amazon||Brazil, Colombia|
|38.||Nelson–Saskatchewan||2,570||Hudson Bay||Canada, United States|
|39.||Paraguay (Río-Paraguay)||2,549||Paraná||Brazil, Paraguay, Bolivia, Argentina|
|40.||Kolyma||2,513||East Siberian Sea||Russia|
|41.||Pilcomayo||2,500||Paraguay||Paraguay, Argentina, Bolivia|
|45.||Ural||2,428||Caspian Sea||Russia, Kazakhstan|
|47.||Colorado (western U.S.)||2,333||Gulf of California||United States, Mexico|
|49.||Dnieper||2,287||Black Sea||Russia, Belarus, Ukraine|
Reference – Wikipedia [https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/List_of_rivers_by_length]
Candidates can also check:
Important Rivers of the World – Facts
- The Congo River (former name – Zaire river) crosses the Equator twice.
- The river Limpopo crosses the Tropic of Capricorn twice.
- The river River Hwang He or the Yellow River is known as China’s sorrow.
- The river Nile begins south of the Equator, crosses the Tropic of Cancer and then empties into the sea.
- The river Amazon throughout its entire length does not have any bridges across it.
- Saudi Arabia, Kuwait, Yemen, Bahrain, Qatar are the countries which do not have any rivers flowing through them.
- River Danube flows through 4 capital cities, Belgrade (Serbia), Budapest (Hungary), Bratislava (Slovakia) and Vienna (Austria). Also, it flows through ten countries namely Austria, Bulgaria, Croatia, Germany, Hungary, Moldova, Romania, Serbia, Slovakia and Ukraine.
Candidates preparing for competitive exams can check relevant articles for General Awareness section:
|Longest Bridges in India||Famous Books and Authors|
|List of Sports Terms||Largest Libraries in the World|
|IPL Winners List||Unemployment in India|
|List of Country, Capital & Currency||Important Boundaries & Lines of the World|
Sample Questions – Major Rivers of the World General Awareness
Understanding the relevance of major rivers of the world for competitive exams is important for better preparation for which it is important to know the types of questions asked in the examination based on it.
Given below are sample question asked in the general awareness section of competitive exams for major rivers of the world:
Q.1. Which is the country that has no river?
- Saudi Arabia
Answer (2) Saudi Arabia
Q.2. Which country has the maximum number of rivers?
- United States
Answer (4) Russia
Q.3. Which is the shortest river in the world?
- Tsang Po
Answer (3) Roe River
Q.4. Which river is called the father of rivers?
- Indus River
- Zambezi River
- Amazon River
- Nile River
Answer (1) Indus River
Q.5. The Nile is said to be the longest river in the world, what is its length?
- 6560 km
- 7800 km
- 6480 km
- 7088 km
Answer (4) 7088 km
Apart from the sample questions given above, candidates can check Previous Year Question Papers with solution PDF to understand the type of questions asked in the general awareness section of these examinations.
Candidates appearing for any of the government examinations can check the details and syllabus from the given links: