World’s Longest Rivers - List of Major Rivers For General Awareness

Do you know which is the longest river in the world? The River Nile is the longest river that is 7088 kilometres in length. It empties into the Mediterranean Sea and crosses both the Equator and Tropic Of Cancer. 

The topic ‘Major Rivers of the World’ is important for competitive exams. For exams like SSC, RRB, Bank and other Government exams the topic is covered in general awareness sections. UPSC aspirants might also encounter 1 or 2 questions related to important rivers in UPSC prelims. 

This article will read about the longest rivers in the world. Candidates will get to know the important rivers, its length, and the source of origin. Also, candidates will be able to download the list of World’s Longest Rivers PDF comprising details of top 50 rivers of the world.

List of Longest Rivers Of The World PDF:-Download PDF Here

Aspirants of various Government exams can check the given links for assistance:

Longest Rivers of The World

The table given below enlists the top 50 longest rivers in the world along with the length of each river, their source and the countries they touch or flow through. 

Longest Rivers of the World
No. River Names Length (km) Outflow Countries Sharing Drainage Basin
1. Nile– White-Nile –Kagera –Nyabarongo –Mwogo –Rukarara 7,088 Mediterranean Ethiopia, Eritrea, Sudan, Uganda, Tanzania, Kenya, Rwanda, Burundi, Egypt, the Democratic Republic of the Congo, South Sudan
2. Amazon–Ucayali–Tambo–Ene–Mantaro 6,992 Atlantic Ocean Brazil, Peru, Bolivia, Colombia, Ecuador, Venezuela, Guyana
3. Yangtze

(Chang Jiang; Long River)

6,418 East China Sea China
4. Mississippi–Missouri–Jefferson–Beaverhead–Red Rock–Hell Roaring 6,275 Gulf of Mexico United States (98.5%), Canada (1.5%)
5. Yenisei–Angara–Selenge–Ider 5,539 Kara Sea Russia (97%), Mongolia (2.9%)
6. Yellow River

(Huang He)

5,464 Bohai Sea China
7. Ob–Irtysh 5,410 Gulf of Ob Russia, Kazakhstan, China, Mongolia
8. Río de la Plata–Paraná–Rio Grande 4,880 Río de la Plata Brazil (46.7%), Argentina (27.7%), Paraguay (13.5%), Bolivia (8.3%), Uruguay (3.8%)
9. Congo–Chambeshi


4,700 Atlantic Ocean Democratic Republic of the Congo, Central African Republic, Angola, Republic of the Congo, Tanzania, Cameroon, Zambia, Burundi, Rwanda
10. Amur–Argun–Kherlen

(Heilong Jiang)

4,444 Sea of Okhotsk Russia, China, Mongolia
11. Lena 4,400 Laptev Sea Russia
12. Mekong

(Lancang Jiang)

4,350 South China Sea China, Myanmar, Laos, Thailand, Cambodia, Vietnam
13. Mackenzie–Slave–Peace–Finlay 4,241 Beaufort Sea Canada
14. Niger 4,200 Gulf of Guinea Nigeria (26.6%), Mali (25.6%), Niger (23.6%), Algeria (7.6%), Guinea (4.5%), Cameroon (4.2%), Burkina Faso (3.9%), Côte d’Ivoire, Benin, Chad
15. Brahmaputra–Tsangpo 3,848 Ganges India (58.0%), China (19.7%), Nepal (9.0%), Bangladesh (6.6%), Disputed India/China (4.2%), Bhutan (2.4%)
16. Murray–Darling–Culgoa–Balonne–Condamine 3,672 Southern Ocean Australia
17. Tocantins–Araguaia 3,650 Atlantic Ocean, Amazon Brazil
18. Volga 3,645 Caspian Sea Russia
19. Indus–Sênggê Zangbo 3,610 Arabian Sea Pakistan (93%), India and China
20. Shatt al-Arab–Euphrates–Murat 3,596 Persian Gulf Iraq (60.5%), Turkey (24.8%), Syria (14.7%)
21. Madeira–Mamoré–Grande–Caine–Rocha 3,380 Amazon Brazil, Bolivia, Peru
22. Purús 3,211 Amazon Brazil, Peru
23. Yukon 3,185 Bering Sea United States (59.8%), Canada (40.2%)
24. São Francisco 3,180 Atlantic Ocean Brazil
25. Syr Darya–Naryn 3,078 Aral Sea Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Uzbekistan, Tajikistan
26. Salween

(Nu Jiang)

3,060 Andaman Sea China (52.4%), Myanmar (43.9%), Thailand (3.7%)
27. Saint Lawrence–Niagara–Detroit–Saint Clair–Saint Marys–Saint Louis–North (Great Lakes) 3,058 Gulf of Saint Lawrence Canada (52.1%), United States (47.9%)
28. Rio Grande 3,057 Gulf of Mexico United States (52.1%), Mexico (47.9%)
29. Lower Tunguska 2,989 Yenisei Russia
30. Danube–Breg (Donau, Dunăre, Duna, Dunav, Dunaj) 2,888 Black Sea Romania (28.9%), Hungary (11.7%), Austria (10.3%), Serbia (10.3%), Germany (7.5%), Slovakia (5.8%), Bulgaria (5.2%), Croatia (4.5%), Ukraine (3.8%)
31. Irrawaddy River–N’Mai River–Dulong River–Kelaoluo–Gada Qu 2,727 Andaman Sea China, Myanmar
32. Zambezi


2,693 Mozambique Channel Zambia (41.6%), Angola (18.4%), Zimbabwe (15.6%), Mozambique (11.8%), Malawi (8.0%), Tanzania (2.0%), Namibia, Botswana
33. Vilyuy 2,650 Lena Russia
34. Araguaia 2,627 Tocantins Brazil
35. Ganges–Hooghly–Padma (Ganga) 2,620 Bay of Bengal India, Bangladesh, Nepal
36. Amu Darya–Panj 2,620 Aral Sea Uzbekistan, Turkmenistan, Tajikistan, Afghanistan
37. Japurá (Rio Yapurá) 2,615 Amazon Brazil, Colombia
38. Nelson–Saskatchewan 2,570 Hudson Bay Canada, United States
39. Paraguay (Río-Paraguay) 2,549 Paraná Brazil, Paraguay, Bolivia, Argentina
40. Kolyma 2,513 East Siberian Sea Russia
41. Pilcomayo 2,500 Paraguay Paraguay, Argentina, Bolivia
42. Upper Ob–Katun 2,490 Ob Russia
43. Ishim 2,450 Irtysh Kazakhstan, Russia
44. Juruá 2,410 Amazon Peru, Brazil
45. Ural 2,428 Caspian Sea Russia, Kazakhstan
46. Arkansas 2,348 Mississippi United States
47. Colorado (western U.S.) 2,333 Gulf of California United States, Mexico
48. Olenyok 2,292 Laptev Sea Russia
49. Dnieper 2,287 Black Sea Russia, Belarus, Ukraine
50. Aldan 2,273 Lena Russia

Reference – Wikipedia []

Candidates can also check:

List of Longest Rivers Of The World PDF:-Download PDF Here

Important Rivers of the World – Facts

  • The Congo River (former name – Zaire river) crosses the Equator twice.
  • The river Limpopo crosses the Tropic of Capricorn twice.
  • The river River Hwang He or the Yellow River is known as China’s sorrow.
  • The river Nile begins south of the Equator, crosses the Tropic of Cancer and then empties into the sea.
  • The river Amazon throughout its entire length does not have any bridges across it.
  • Saudi Arabia, Kuwait, Yemen, Bahrain, Qatar are the countries which do not have any rivers flowing through them.
  • River Danube flows through 4 capital cities, Belgrade (Serbia),  Budapest (Hungary), Bratislava (Slovakia) and Vienna (Austria). Also, it flows through ten countries namely Austria, Bulgaria, Croatia, Germany, Hungary, Moldova, Romania, Serbia,  Slovakia and Ukraine.

Candidates preparing for competitive exams can check relevant articles for General Awareness section:

Longest Bridges in India Famous Books and Authors
List of Sports Terms Largest Libraries in the World
IPL Winners List Unemployment in India
List of Country, Capital & Currency Important Boundaries & Lines of the World

Sample Questions – Major Rivers of the World General Awareness

Understanding the relevance of major rivers of the world for competitive exams is important for better preparation for which it is important to know the types of questions asked in the examination based on it. 

Given below are sample question asked in the general awareness section of competitive exams for major rivers of the world:

Q.1. Which is the country that has no river?

  1. Myanmar
  2. Saudi Arabia
  3. Turkey
  4. Syria

Answer (2) Saudi Arabia

Q.2. Which country has the maximum number of rivers?

  1. India
  2. United States
  3. Brazil
  4. Russia

Answer (4) Russia

Q.3. Which is the shortest river in the world?

  1. Tsang Po
  2. Tigris
  3. Roe
  4. Rhine

Answer (3) Roe River

Q.4. Which river is called the father of rivers?

  1. Indus River
  2. Zambezi River
  3. Amazon River
  4. Nile River

Answer (1) Indus River

Q.5. The Nile is said to be the longest river in the world, what is its length?

  1. 6560 km
  2. 7800 km
  3. 6480 km
  4. 7088 km

Answer (4) 7088 km

Apart from the sample questions given above, candidates can check Previous Year Question Papers with solution PDF to understand the type of questions asked in the general awareness section of these examinations.

Candidates appearing for any of the government examinations can check the details and syllabus from the given links:

Bank Exam Syllabus SSC Syllabus RRB Syllabus LIC Syllabus


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