List of World’s Largest Libraries

Largest Libraries in the World is an important topic for the General Awareness section of Government exams or other competitive exams.  

Candidates appearing for exams such as SSC, RRB, Bank, or other government examinations might encounter 1-2 questions related to libraries of the world in the general knowledge section of these examinations.

Candidates can check the relevant link for assistance in government exam preparation:

This article will read about the list of the largest libraries in the world. Candidates will also know about the largest libraries in India.

The list of largest libraries in the world is available in PDF format. Candidates can download the list of largest libraries PDF given below.

List of Largest Libraries in the World PDF:-Download PDF Here

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List of Largest Libraries in the World

British Library in the United Kingdom is the world’s largest library in terms of its catalogue size i.e. the number of books, periodicals, etc it manages.

The table given below highlights the World largest libraries based on their catalogue size. It includes libraries that store 15 million or more items.

Largest Libraries in the World
Name & Country Location Catalogue size
British Library, United Kingdom London and Boston Spa 170–200 million
Library of Congress, United States Washington D.C. 170 million+
Library and Archives, Canada Ottawa 54 million
Shanghai Library, China Shanghai 50 million
Russian State Library, Russia Moscow 47.2 million
Royal Danish Library, Denmark Copenhagen and Aarhus 42.5 million
National Diet Library, Japan Tokyo and Kyoto 41.9 million
Bibliothèque Nationale de France Paris 40 million
National Library of China Beijing 37.7 million
National Library of Russia Saint Petersburg 36.5 million
German National Library, Germany Leipzig and Frankfurt 36.1 million
Biblioteca Nacional de España, Spain Madrid 33.1 million
Library of the Russian Academy of Sciences, Russia Saint Petersburg 26.5 million
Berlin State Library, Germany Berlin 23.4 million
Boston Public Library, United States Boston, Massachusetts 22.4 million
New York State Library, United States Albany, New York 20 million
Harvard Library, United States Cambridge, Massachusetts 18.9 million
National Library of Sweden Stockholm 18 million
Vernadsky National Library of Ukraine Kiev 15.5 million
Yale Library, United States New Haven, Connecticut 15.2 million
National Library of Iran Tehran 15 million

Reference – Wikipedia []

Now that you know the largest libraries of the world, let’s take a look at largest libraries in India.

Largest Libraries in India List 

Do you know which is the Largest Library in India? or Do you know the name of the oldest library in India?

The State Central Library, Thiruvananthapuram, Kerala established in 1829 is the very first public library in India and the National Library Of India, Kolkata established in 1836 is the largest library of India. 

The table below enlists India’s largest library by volume, prominence, along with their establishment year:

Largest Libraries In India 
Library Name Est. Year Prominence
The National Library of India, Kolkata 1836 26,41,615 books along with other periodicals, maps, manuscripts etc 
Delhi Public Library, New Delhi 1951 18 lakh books in English, Hindi, Urdu, Punjabi & other Indian Languages
Saraswathi Mahal Library Or Tanjore Maharaja Serfoji’s Sarasvati Mahal Library, Tamil Nadu 1918 A rare collection of palm leaf manuscripts in various regional languages of India.
Anna Centenary Library, Chennai, Tamil Nadu 2010 Collection of 5 lakh books and Braille section for blind readers
Krishnadas Shama Central Library, Goa 1832 Total 1.8 lakh books in different languages & pre-liberation collection are over 40,000 volumes
Allahabad Public Library, Allahabad, Uttar Pradesh 1864 1.25 lakh books on various subjects and rare Arabic manuscripts along with papers of Parliament.
Smt. Hansa Mehta Library, Baroda, Gujarat 1950 3,500 precious collection of books dated back to 16th century
Connemara Public Library, Chennai, Tamil Nadu 1896 One of the 4 National Depository Libraries also serves as a depository library for the UN
State Central Library, Thiruvananthapuram, Kerala 1829 3, 67,243 documents in Sanskrit, Tamil, English, Malayalam, and more

Candidates are advised to download World’s largest libraries PDF given below. The PDF also contains the list of largest libraries in India.

List of Largest Libraries in the World PDF:-Download PDF Here

Candidates preparing for competitive exams can check relevant articles for General Awareness section:

Largest Libraries in World – Sample Question For General Awareness

To understand the relevance of the topic largest libraries in the World in competitive exams, it is important to know the types of questions asked in the examination based on it. 

Given below are sample question asked in the general awareness section of competitive exams for World’s largest libraries:

Q.1. Where is the world’s largest library?

  1. Russia
  2. France
  3. Denmark
  4. Washington DC

Answer (4) Washington DC

Q.2. Which country has the maximum number of public libraries?

  1. India
  2. Russia
  3. China
  4. United States

Answer (3) China

Q.3. What is the name of the Oldest Library in the World?

  1. Al-Qarawiyyin library
  2. Imperial Library of Constantinople
  3. Royal Library of Ashurbanipal
  4. National Library of Iran

Answer (1) Al-Qarawiyyin library

Q.4. Which is the biggest library of the World?

  1. British Library
  2. Library of congress 
  3. Shanghai Library, China
  4. Royal Danish Library, Denmark

Answer (2) Library Of Congress

Q.5. Which Library has the maximum number of books or catalogues?

  1. Library of Congress, United States
  2. British Library, United Kingdom
  3. Biblioteca Nacional de España, Spain
  4. Harvard Library, United States

Answer (2) British Library, United Kingdom

Apart from the sample questions given above, candidates can check Previous Year Question Papers with solution PDF to understand the type of questions asked in the general awareness section of these examinations.

Candidates appearing for any of the government examinations can check the details and syllabus from the given links:

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