Arthritis is an umbrella term for a variety of diseases that affect the joints. Currently, arthritis has over 100 different types, with the most common being osteoarthritis and rheumatoid arthritis. Usually, this inflammation in joints affects the movement of the mobility of the individual.
Symptoms can persist for a long period, often progressing or getting worse over time. It affects the quality of life, bringing about chronic pain and inability to do any activity. Arthritis can make even simple tasks like walking up or down the stairs can become excruciatingly painful. As mentioned earlier, different types of arthritis show various symptoms on different types of joints. Some also affect multiple organs, tenderness of joints and a lot more.
Arthritis is of several types:
- Rheumatoid arthritis
- Psoriatic arthritis
- Reactive arthritis
Also, read: Arthritis
The causes of arthritis include:
The cartilage absorbs the pressure and shock that is created while we move. When the amount of this cartilage falls below the normal, it causes arthritis. Osteoarthritis is a very common form of arthritis. It occurs if you have a family history with osteoarthritis.
Rheumatoid arthritis is an autoimmune disorder and occurs when the body’s immune system attacks the body tissues. This attack affects the synovial fluid and destroys both joints and bones inside the joint. This leads to arthritis.
Sometimes, arthritis symptoms may become visible, such as knobby finger joints, giving the hands a very gnarled appearance. However, most symptoms are not apparent unless it is observed through an X-Ray. Common characteristic symptoms include:
- Stiffness in the joints
- Pain in the joints
- Warmth in the joints
- Redness in the joints
- Limited range of motion
- Deformation of joints in severe cases.
In conclusion, these are some of the common characteristics of arthritis symptoms. There are other variations of this disease such as Osteoarthritis, psoriatic arthritis, Rheumatoid arthritis etc. All these diseases are related to the joints, for instance, osteoarthritis symptoms are induced by the wear and tear of the joints.
This was a brief introduction to Arthritis symptoms. Stay tuned with BYJU’S to know more in detail about the Arthritis and other related topics at BYJU’S Biology.