Living things need some basic necessities for their survival such as food, habitat, water, air, etc. These elements support life. Wild animals and birds depend on forests for their habitat. Deforestation is the most devastating environmental issue. It leads to environmental imbalance. It’s cause and consequences followed by preventive measures are discussed below.
Deforestation and its causes
Deforestation is the process of cutting of trees and thus clearing the forest as a part of industrialization or urbanization. It is the result of human as well as natural activities and changes taking place in nature. Men exploit forests for many purposes. The list of purposes begins from basic requirements of a house to globalization. Humans cut trees for timber, for agriculture, areas for urbanization and industrialization, etc. Even some natural events can be the cause of deforestation. Due to human activities, natural equilibrium and patterns have changed. Forest fire, change in climate and overpopulation of foreign animals and plants, etc. are some natural reasons for deforestation.
Men have to pay for their activities. Consequences of deforestation are the best example for this. Any imbalance that happens in nature has to be compensated otherwise after effects will be ruthless. Deforestation has its impact not only on wildlife but also on the human.
Plants are universal producers; they are the main source of food and breathing air for animals including human beings. By clearing forest areas, men are clearing essential living elements for life. This creates an elevation in the level of gases such as carbon dioxide and other gases like CFCs from automobiles and industries etc. They contribute to air pollution and many diseases have come up due to air pollution.
Recently, global warming has become a puzzling challenge for researchers and scientist. Global warming is the effect of elevated temperature in the atmosphere. The responsible factors for global warming are greenhouse gases like carbon dioxide, methane, chlorofluorocarbon (CFC) etc. They led to ozone depletion, global warming, and climate changes. Other effects of deforestation are hazardous natural disasters, like flood, drought, soil infertility and desertification.
To prevent the further consequences, preventive measures need to be taken. The only solution is reforestation or afforestation. As a part of this, June 5th is celebrated as World Environment day where trees are planted in school premises and other public places.
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