Science is a systematic approach that collects and builds knowledge. There are numerous facts related to Science that fascinate us. Likewise, there are many other discoveries happening in every part of the world. Hence, these unique and outstanding facts and inventions make us realise that science is not only what we read about in books.
There are many unknown facts in Science that students have no idea about. There are many facts that students do not yet know about even after being exposed to hundreds of pages full of knowledge in school. Sometimes students should look past their textbooks to learn more about the fascinating facts the world of Science holds.
Here are a few interesting science facts that will surprise you.
Amazing Facts about Science
Discovery of a Ninth Planet
Recently the ninth planet believed to exist has created a dip in the solar system. The astronomers who have published this discovery have stated the possibility that this planet exists around nineteen million light-years away.
Slight Genetic Mutation leads to multicellular life
The researchers found the reason for the evolvement of a single cell organism to a multicellular organism that occurred around eight million years ago.
An ancient molecule GK-PID – GK protein-interaction domain is predicted to be a molecular carabiner capable of pulling chromosomes to lump together into the inner walls leading to the exact copy when divisions occur. Recent discoveries showed a difference between GK-Pid’s ancient and current behavioural aspects.
Explore more: Mutation
Earth has a second moon
A small asteroid has been trapped in the Earth’s orbit, as stated by NASA. It is termed as 2016 H3O. It is smaller than our natural satellite, and according to them, it may stay in the Earth’s orbit for a while.
Expansion of our Universe
In physics, the Big Bang Theory was a vital explanation for the origin of the universe. They say our universe is expanding rapidly over time. This effect can be explained with the help of dark matter.
Gravity affects light
Light travels through spacetime, which can be warped and curved, so sunlight should dip and curve in the presence of massive objects. The light does not possess any mass, and when a beam of light from a faraway star passes near the sun, the light may bend slightly around it, and the bending of light is caused by gravity. This effect is known as gravitational lensing.
Elements of the periodic table
Uranium, Plutonium, Radium, Radon, Einsteinium, Curium, Polonium, Thorium are a few radioactive elements that glow in the dark. There are about 118 elements on the periodic table, and there is no element with the letter J.
Explore more: Periodic table
Babies have got more bones
As we all know, the adult human skeleton comprises 206 bones.
But did you know that babies are born with extra 300 bones coming into the world?
Yes. Many of these bones have cartilage between them, making the birth process much easier because of the baby’s flexibility. The extra bones help the baby grow at an increased speed, and as years go by, the majority of the bones fuse, leaving just 206 bones to make up an adult skeleton.
Explore more: Anatomy and Physiology of humans skeletal system
Fruits and vegetables contain protective compounds.
Having a healthy diet, including fruit and vegetables, helps protect against cancer, diabetes, and other heart-related disorders. As per scientific research, regular eating of fruit and vegetables can help lower the risk of stroke, hypertension, obesity, hypercholesterolemia, and a lot more. Both fruits and vegetables are good sources of dietary fibre and are low in fat, salt, and sugar.
Cruciferous vegetables, such as broccoli, cauliflower, and sprouts, play an excellent role in maintaining the structure and functions of cell organelles. These veggies also support cell growth.
Stomach acid in our body can dissolve steel.
The human body can perform unbelievable processes, like how our stomach can easily digest food due to gastric acid or stomach acid. Stomach acid has a pH between 1 and 2 and is mainly attributable to one ingredient: hydrochloric acid (HCl), and other components include potassium chloride (KCl) and sodium chloride (NaCl).
This acid can cause great damage to some of the strongest materials, like bones and teeth. This acid attacks the stomach lining and defends itself by secreting the solution of alkali bicarbonate. The stomach lining, constantly under assault by digestive acid, is renewed every few days.
A variety of hormones regulates growth in plants.
Like humans, many physiological changes in plants are caused by plant hormones.
These plant hormones are called phytohormones or plant growth regulators. Abscisic acid, Auxin, Cytokinin, Ethylene and Gibberellins are a few essential phytohormones that regulate the various physiological processes in plants.
Explore more: Plant growth regulators.
These were the ten amazing facts about Science.
This article concludes with astounding facts about Science. Stay tuned with BYJU’S to learn more exciting facts about Science and other related topics.