MCQs on Plant Morphology

Plant morphology is the study of structural features of the plant. It is useful for the visual identification of the plants. It observes both the vegetative as well reproductive features of the plants. It deals with plant growth habit and the overall architecture of the plant. It examines the development pattern, and the process of origination and maturation of plants. These morphological differences are used to classify the plants.

Plant Morphology MCQs

1. Water is absorbed by

  1. Root cap
  2. Root apex
  3. Root hairs
  4. Root

2. Roots that develop from plant parts other than the radicle are

  1. Epicaulous
  2. Fibrous
  3. Adventitious
  4. Epiphyllous

Also Read: Morphology of Leaf

3. Pneumatophores occur in plants of

  1. Marshy soil
  2. Saline soil
  3. Water
  4. Sandy soil

4. Food present in bulbil occurs in

  1. Root
  2. Petiole
  3. Leaf base
  4. Stem

5. Sweet potato is a modification of

  1. Leaf
  2. Primary root
  3. Adventitious root
  4. Underground root

6. Phyllotaxy is

  1. Folding leaf in the bud
  2. Arrangement of leaves on the stem
  3. Both (1) and (2)
  4. None

Also Read: Root Modifications

7. Winged petiole is found in

  1. Acacia
  2. Peepal
  3. Citrus
  4. Radish

8. ————– is the characteristic of monocot plants

  1. Stilt roots
  2. Taproots
  3. Fibrous roots
  4. Annulated roots

9. Which root modification does not store food?

  1. Stilt
  2. Conical
  3. Napiform
  4. Tuberous

10. Bulbils participate in

  1. Vegetative reproduction
  2. Sexual reproduction
  3. Respiration
  4. Transpiration

11. Nodulated roots enrich the plant with

  1. Proteins
  2. Fats
  3. Carbohydrates
  4. Food

12. ——— is the edible part of a banana

  1. Epicarp and mesocarp
  2. Epicarp
  3. Mesocarp and less developed endocarp
  4. Endocarp and less developed mesocarp

13. Which plant has all roots?

  1. Podostemon
  2. Utricularia
  3. Lemna
  4. Wolffia

Also Read: Parts of Plants

14. Velamen takes part in

  1. Exchange of gases
  2. Transpiration
  3. Absorption of moisture from the air
  4. Absorption of water from the soil

15. Leaves are attached to the stem at

  1. Internode
  2. Nodes
  3. Apical meristem
  4. Axillary meristem

16. ———– plants have root pockets

  1. Opuntia
  2. Capparis
  3. Banyan
  4. Eichhornia

17. Turmeric is a stem because

  1. It grows parallel to the soil surface
  2. It stores food material
  3. It has chlorophyll
  4. It has nodes and internodes

18. Vivipary is the characteristic of

  1. Mesophytes
  2. Xerophytes
  3. Hydrophytes
  4. Halophytes

19. The outer covering of the epiphytic root is

  1. Rhizophore
  2. Osmophore
  3. Pneumatophore
  4. Velamen

20. A root hair does not contain

  1. Vacuole
  2. Chloroplast
  3. Cell wall
  4. Nucleus

Also Read: Root System

 

Answer key

1-c 2-c 3-a 4-c 5-c 6-b 7-c 8-c 9-a 10-a
11-a 12-c 13-a 14-c 15-b 16-d 17-d 18-d 19-d 20-b

 

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