Difference between Letter of Intent and Memorandum of Understanding


LOI (Letter of Intent) and MOU (Memorandum of Understanding) are to a great extent comparative in nature and are frequently mistaken for each other. However, it is vital to comprehend the contrast between LOI and MOU plainly. Both LOI and MOU are vigorously utilised in exchanges of individual and business nature. The critical contrast between LOI and MOU is that LOI is an understanding that frames the primary concerns of the proposed arrangement and fills in as a “consent to concur” or “agreement to agree” between two parties though MOU is an understanding between at least two parties to embrace a particular errand or venture. The two arrangements don’t mean a lawful authorisation or legal enforcement between the parties.

A letter of intent is probably going to envelop various perspectives, and it shifts long as indicated by the degree of particularity and the kind of exchange. All letters of intent include the basic needs of an arrangement, including cost, time period, and possibilities. Like a letter of intent, a memorandum of understanding (MOU) rather frames an understanding between at least two parties and is typically created before a final, formal agreement.

The essential contrast between the two is that a letter of intent isn’t restricting, though a memorandum of understanding is viewed as restricting and conveys weight in an official courtroom.

Meaning of Letter of Intent:

A letter of intent is a report, regularly utilised in consolidations and acquisitions, that records the initial terms of an understanding. Although the letter of intent is nonbinding, it is a significant blueprint of the key terms that the parties engaged in the exchange have settled upon.

The data kept in the letter of intent shape part of the authoritative buy arrangement that legitimately sets out the exchange; it frames what one can and can’t discuss outside of that exchange, and it gives a guide that portrays how things will continue.

LOI is an arrangement that frames the primary concerns of a proposed arrangement and fills in as a “consent to concur” between two parties. LOI is likewise alluded to as a Letter of Inquiry or a Concept Paper. Only a couple of parties can be associated with an LOI; in this way, LOI can’t be framed between multiple parties that are more than two. LOI is regularly considered as an essential understanding drafted preceding going into a composed agreement; in this way, it isn’t legitimately restricting. In any case, large numbers of these arrangements contain arrangements that are restricting, for example, selectiveness, non-compete arrangements, and non-divulgence.

Contents of Letter of Intent:

LOI takes the arrangement of a conventional letter, and the accompanying substance ought to be incorporated,

Synopsis proclamation (opening passage).

Proclamation of the issue.

An outline of the exercises to be carried out and how they ought to be executed.

Results of the action.

Spending plan and other important monetary data.

Closing section.

Signatures of the parties in question.

A letter of expectation is by and large introduced by one party to another party and consequently haggled or negotiated before execution or mark. Here, the two players will attempt to get each other’s positions. If painstakingly arranged, a LOI might effectively safeguard the two players in exchange. The degree of exchange might be contingent upon the idea of the undertaking in question.

For example, LOIs are intensely utilised in corporate activities like mergers, acquisitions, and joint ventures before going into a formal composed agreement. In such an occurrence, LOI gives a valid premise to confirmation and arrangement of terms prior to going into a legitimately authoritative agreement.

Meaning of Memorandum of Understanding:

A memorandum of understanding (MOU) is an arrangement between at least two parties framing the terms and subtleties of an agreement, including each party’s necessities and obligations. It isn’t unexpected the main stage in the arrangement of a proper agreement that doesn’t include the trading of cash.

The document probably recognises any terms that need to be determined prior to finish the arrangement. The report additionally ordinarily addresses the time spans and cutoff times for the exchange, the cost, and the strategy for payment. Different angles that might be included for the letter of intent or memorandum of understanding incorporate guarantees of marketable title, a rundown of complete liabilities and absolute resources, and the working state of all hardware and equipment at the time of procurement.

The memorandum of understanding might frame expectations for the activity of the business until the date that the business is sold. A drop-dead date is a significant condition; this is a moment when the parties consent to stop exchanges on the off chance that they haven’t agreed.

Contents of Memorandum of Understanding:

The accompanying components are normally remembered for an MOU.

Parties engaged with the MOU.

The motivation behind going into the MOU.

Roles and obligations of each party included.

Assets contributed by each accomplice.

Evaluation of the planned advantages by each party.

Signature of the parties in question.

Difference between Letter of Intent and Memorandum of Understanding:



Identities of the Parties

In LOI, only two parties are included.

In MOU, multiple parties might reach out.

Legally Bound

It might be restricting, binding, and conveying low weight in the official courtroom.

It is restricting and conveys weight in the courtroom.

Legal Enforcement

A LOI carries low weightage in a court of law.

It is lawfully enforceable and conveys weightage in a courtroom.

Signatures of the Parties Involved

A LOI will list the terms, activities, and conditions that have been settled upon by the two parties however are marked simply by the party who sent the underlying proposition.

The terms, activities, and conditions recorded in a MOU are endorsed by all parties who are in agreement.


LOI is normally used to characterise the focuses that have been concurred between a purchaser and a vendor before finishing the arrangement with an agreement endorsed by the two players or parties.

MOUs are utilised to characterise the boundaries under which parties in the agreement will cooperate, which is regularly as an organisation or joint venture.


LOI is frequently changed over into an agreement later, accordingly having restricted use.

MOU frequently keeps on remaining at its structure until the consummation of the task or venture.


The LOI and MoU don’t have an extremely differentiating contrast as the two of them frame the expectation of making explicit moves and are not lawfully restricting unless and until it is noticed under exceptional provisions for enforceability. The principle distinction that we consider is the idea of parties required under MOU and LOI, and it should be noted that LOI is appropriate for making arrangements on primer premises, yet MOU might be more reasonable as an option for the contract.

The two kinds of arrangements portray the expectation of making a particular move and are not lawfully restricting archives or documents despite the fact that they might incorporate legitimately restricting provisions. The distinction between LOI and MOU essentially relies upon the prudence of the parties in question and the idea of the task in concern. LOI is more appropriate to use as an essential arrangement in significant partnerships, for example, mergers and acquisitions where a consistent stage for exchange is important, while MOU might be more reasonable to use as an option in contrast to an agreement.

Also, see:

Partnership Deed

What Is Partnership?


Nature and Significance of Principles of Management

Concept and Features of Business

Dimensions of Business Environment


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