Table of Content
What is Globalisation?
The term Globalisation refers to the integration of the economy of the nation with the world economy; it is a multifaceted aspect. It is a result of the collection of multiple strategies that are directed at transforming the world towards greater interdependence and integration. It includes the creation of networks and pursuits transforming social, economic and geographical barriers. Globalisation tries to build links in such a way that the events in India can be determined by events happening distances away.
To put it in other words, Globalisation is the method of interaction and union among people, corporations and governments universally.
Effect of Globalisation in India
India is one of the countries that succeeded significantly after the initiation and implementation of Globalisation. The growth of foreign investment in the field of corporate, retail, and the scientific sector is enormous in the country. It also had a tremendous impact on the social, monetary, cultural, and political area. In recent year, Globalisation has increased due to improvements in transportation and information technology. With the improved global synergies comes the growth of global trade, doctrines and culture.
Globalisation in the Indian economy
Indian society is changing drastically after urbanisation and Globalisation. Economic policies have had a direct influence in forming the basic framework of the economy. Economic policies established and administered by the government also performed an essential role in planning levels of savings, employment, income, and investments in society.
Cross country culture has one of the critical impact of Globalisation on Indian society. It has significantly changed several aspects of the country, including cultural, social, political, and economical. However, economic unification is the main factor that contributes maximum to a country’s economy into an international economy.
Also Read: What are Economic Reforms?
Advantages of Globalisation in India
- Increase in Employment: With the opportunity of Special Economic Zones (SEZ), there is an increase in the number of new jobs availability. Including Export Processing Zones (EPZ) Centre in India is very useful in employing thousands of people. Another additional factor in India is cheap labour. This feature motivates big companies in the west to outsource employees from other region and cause more employment.
- Increase in Compensation: After Globalisation, the level of compensation has increased as compared to domestic companies due to the skill and knowledge a foreign company offers. This opportunity also emerged as an alteration of the management structure.
- High Standard of Living: With the outbreak of Globalisation, the Indian economy and the standard of living of an individual has increased. This change is notified with the purchasing behaviour of a person, especially with those who are associated with foreign companies. Hence, many cities are undergoing a better standard of living along with business development.
Impact of Globalisation
Outsourcing: This is one of the principal results of the Globalisation method. In outsourcing, a company recruits regular service from outside sources, often from other nations, which was earlier implemented internally or from within the nation (like computer service, legal advice, security – each presented by individual departments of the corporation, advertisement). As a kind of economic venture, outsourcing has increased, in recent times, because of the increase of quick methods of communication, especially the growth of Information Technology (IT).
Many of the services such as voice-based business processes (commonly known as BPS, BPO or call centres), accountancy, record keeping, music recording, banking services, book transcription, film editing, clinical advice or teachers are being outsourced by companies in advanced countries to India.
Debate on Globalisation
|Q.1- What do you understand by the term ‘globalisation’?|
|Q.2- List some arguments in favour and against globalisation?|
|(A) In favour of globalisation
|Globalisation resulted in:
|(B) Against globalisation
|Globalisation has been criticised by some scholars because according to them:
|Important Topics in Economics:|
|Q.1- ______________means integrating the Indian economy with the world economy.|
d. None of the above
|Q.2-Globalisation is the outcome of__________ and ________.|
d. Both (a) and (b)
|Q.3- Globalisation aims to create ____________ world.|
d. None of the above
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Frequently Asked Questions on Globalisation
What are different kinds of globalisation?
The top five types of globalization are,
1. Financial globalization.
2. Economic Globalization.
3. Technological Globalization.
4. Political Globalization.
5. Cultural Globalization.
What are examples of Globalisation?
The two examples of globalisation are.
1. Travel – The capacity to travel to other places and experience their cultures.
2. Transportation – International transportation systems, such as air travel and shipping.
What is the importance of Globalisation?
Globalisation is important to expand markets and enable a business to make sensible utilisation of available resources. It also solves various issues of individual and nation giving than many options to choose from and satisfy their need. Globalization boosts exports and discourages import and uplifts foreign exchange.
What is the main reason that caused Globalisation?
The main reason that caused Globalisation are
1. Making global travel easier by improving transportation.
2. Advanced technology made communication and share information easier.
3. MInimize tariff barriers and encourage global trade.
4. Broadening of global media.
What are the positive impacts of Globalisation?
The four positive impacts of Globalisation are
1. Creates efficient markets
2. Increase competition
3. Stabilized security
4. Increases wealth equality across the world