Important Questions for Class 11 Economics Chapter 4 Poverty

Important Questions for CBSE Class 11 Economics Chapter 4 Poverty which is outlined by expert Economics teachers from the latest version of CBSE (NCERT) books.

CBSE Class 11 Economics Chapter – 4 Important Questions

Question 1

What is poverty?

Answer:

Poverty is explained as an inability to fulfill the meagre necessities like house, food, clothing, health facilities, health, and more. Extreme poverty refers to the complete lack of the means of needs to be met, basic food, shelter, and clothing.

Also check: Who are the Poor?

Question 2

What are the people who regularly move in and out of poverty, known as?

a. Chronic poor 

b. Churning poor

c. Occasionally poor

d. Major poor

Answer:

b. Churning poor

Question 3

Who is known as the chronic poor?

Answer:

People who are usually poor and always poor are primarily known as chronic poor.

Question 4

UWSP and USEP are the two components of which yojana?

a. Valmiki Ambedkar Awas Yojana

b. Indira Awas Yojana 

c. Antodaya Anna Yojana

d. Swarna Jayanti Shahari Rozgar Yojana

Answer:

d. Swarna Jayanti Shahari Rozgar Yojana

Question 5

Five states account for 70% of India’s poverty. Which of the following is not one of them?

a. Bihar

b. Andhra Pradesh

c. Uttar Pradesh

d. Kerala

Answer: Kerala

Question 6

When was Valmiki Ambedkar Awas Yojana launched?

a. 2001

b. 1999

c. 2005

d. 2011

Answer:

a. 2001

Question 7

By which year the government was aiming to meet the Millennium Development Goals including the rate of global poverty?

  a. 2017

  b. 2013

   c. 2015

   d. 2009

Answer:

c. 2015

Question 8

What is the National Food for Work Programme?

Answer:

The National Food for Work Programme was launched in February 2001. The primary aim of this programme was to increase food security via wage employment in the drought devastated rural areas in eight states.

Question 9

Under the National Food for Work Programme, how can the wages be paid to the workers?

a. In the form of food

b. In the form of cash

c. Neither cash nor food

d. Partly in cash and partly in food

Answer:

a. In the form of food

Question 10

What is relative poverty?

Answer:

Relative poverty is defined as the poverty of people when we compare it with other people who belong to different regions or nations.

Question 11

Explain the causes of poverty.

Answer:

Poverty is explained as an inability to fulfill the meagre necessities like house, food, clothing, health facilities, health, and more. Extreme poverty refers to the complete lack of the means of needs to be met, basic food, shelter, and clothing.

However, there are many causes of poverty. They are:

  •       Increasing population
  •       Increasing prices
  •       Shortage of capital
  •       Various social, political, and economic factors
  •       Regional poverty
  •       Provision for meagre necessities of the poor, etc.

Question 12

Explain self-employment.

Answer:

Being self-employed is a circumstance in which an individual works for himself instead of working for or under an employer that pays a wage or a salary. The chief cause of underemployment and unemployment is prevailing in developing nations like India. There are several types of self-employment business like partnership, limited ability, companies, sole proprietorship, and more.

Question 13

Define the poverty line.

Answer:

The poverty line is defined as that particular line that expresses per capita average monthly expenditure incurred by a few people to satisfy their minimum needs or requirements.

Question 14

________ is a cut-off point on the line of distribution that divides the population into the poor and non-poor.

a. Poverty cut-off

b. Poverty

c. Poverty line

d. Poverty distribution

Answer:

c. Poverty line

Question 15

The planning commission has defined the poverty line based on the recommended nutritional necessity of ______ calories per person per day for urban areas.

a. 3000

b. 2500

c. 3100

d. 2100

Answer:

d. 2100

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