World Migratory Bird Day

Since its inception in the year of 2006, World Migratory Bird Day (WMBD) has been commemorated twice a year. It takes place twice a year, on the 2nd Saturday of May and the 2nd Saturday of October.

The topic has a high probability of being asked as a Current Affairs Question in IAS Prelims and Mains.

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History of World Migratory Day

The day began in the year of 2006, only when the United Nations decided that the global population needed to be made aware of the migratory connections that exist between places all over the world. About 118 nations have attended and organized the event since then. This critical WMBD was envisaged as part of the United Nations’ (UN) Agreement on the Conservation of African-Eurasian Migratory Waterbirds. The initial idea to raise awareness about the harm posed to migratory birds had emerged in the United States in the year of 1993. Throughout Mexico, Central and South America, as well as the Caribbean, the WMBD is celebrated on the 2nd Saturday of October every year. While it is observed on the 2nd Saturday of May in the United States, and Canada.

List of Current Affairs Articles for UPSC

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Note: IAS exam could ask basic facts about this topic as it holds international as well as domestic importance.


The goal of WMBD is just to maintain a healthy bird population and to protect migratory bird breeding, non-breeding, and stopover habitats. Their relevance stems from the fact that they are ecologically significant. They are required to sustain ecological balance and biodiversity. Birds are, in a sense, nature’s ambassadors. As a result, it is critical to restore ecological interconnectedness and integrity in order to increase migratory bird migration. These are critical for the survival and wellbeing of migrating birds. Every year, bird treks, nature-based celebrations, bird-watching expeditions, bird carnivals, education programmes, as well as exhibitions are held as part of this effort to spread awareness about migratory bird conservation. These instructive presentations include topics such as bird biology, nesting sites, identifying birds, and the wonderful secrets of migration.

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