Important Dynasties and Kingdoms of Ancient India for IAS Prelims

Indian History is a significant topic in both UPSC Civil Services Exam syllabus. A considerable share of the questions has asked from this segment in the previous year. The Dynasties has great historical importance in history. It has remarked the beginning of an era.

This list will give an insight into the Dynasties of Ancient India and will help you to cover the entire important dynasties in ancient India.

 

Haryanka Dynasty: Middle of 6th century BCE–413 BCE

Place

Magadha

Founder

Bimbisara

Capital

Rajgir (Girivraja)

Important Kings

Bimbisara, Ajatashatru and Udayin

Important events

The capital shifted to Pataliputra, The 1st Buddhist Council

Shishunaga Dynasty: 413 BCE–345 BCE

Place

Magadha

Founder

Shishunaga

Capital

(Girivraja)

Important Kings

Shishunaga and Kakavarna Kalasoka

Important events

Destruction of Avanti and the 2nd Buddhist Council

Nanda Dynasty- 345 BCE–321 BCE

Place

Magadha

Founder

Mahapadma Nanda

Capital

Pataliputra

Important Kings

Mahapadma Nanda, Dhana Nanda

Important events

Alexander invaded India

 

Mauryan Dynasty: 326 BCE–184 BCE

Place

Magadha

Founder

Chandragupta Maurya

Capital

Pataliputra

Important Kings

Chandragupta Maurya, Bindusara, Ashoka

Important events

defeated the invasion led by Seleucus Nikator, 4th Buddhist council

Indo-Scythians Kingdom (The Shaka) : 200 BCE–400 CE

Place

Magadha

Founder

Maues alias Moga

Capital

Sigal

Taxila

Mathura

Important Kings

Rudradaman, Vikramaditya

Important events

Repaired Sudarsan Lake, Junagarh inscription

The Kushans/ Yeuchi: 30–375

Place

Magadha

Founder

Yuezhi

Capital

Bamiyan

Peshawar

Taxila

Mathura

Important Kings

Kanishka

Important events

Issued gold coins, 4th Buddhist council

 

The Sunga dynasty: 185 BC- 73 BC

Place

Magadha

Founder

Pushyamitra Sunga

Capital

Pataliputra

Important Kings

Agnimitra, Bhagabhadra and Devbhuti

Important events

Issued gold coins, 4th Buddhist council

 

The Kanva dynasty: 73 BC- 28 BC

Place

Magadha

Founder

Vasudeva

Capital

Pataliputra

Important Kings

Vasudeva, Bhumimitra, Narayana and Susharman

Important events

The Satavahanas- 1st century BCE–2nd century CE

Place

Deccan region

Founder

Simuka

Capital

Pratishthana

Amaravati

Important Kings

Gautamiputra Satakarni

Important events

Issued coins made up of lead, copper, and bronze

Ikshvaku dynasty

Place

From Kosala kingdom to the banks of  Sarayu river

Founder

Ikshavaku

Capital

Saketa

Ayodhya

Important Kings

Gautamiputra Satakarni

Important events

Executed the Manusmriti

The Chola Dynasty: 300s BCE–1279 CE

Place

North east of Pandya Kingdom

Founder

Vijayalaya

Capital

Poompuhar, Urayur, Tiruvarur,

Pazhaiyaarai, Thanjavur

Gangaikonda Cholapuram

Important Kings

Rajaraja Chola I, Rajendra Chola I, Rajadhiraja Chola, Virarajendra Chola and Kulothunga Chola I

Important events

Annexed Sri Lanka

The Pandyan Dynasty: 6th century BCE–16th century

Place

Tamil Nadu and Southern region

Founder

Capital

Korkai

Madurai

Tenkasi

Tirunelveli

Important Kings

Nedujadaiyan

Important events

Trade with roman empire and sent embassies to Emperor Augustus

The Chera Dynasty: 3rd century BCE–12th century CE

Place

Kongunadu and some parts of Present Kerala

Founder

Vanavaramban

Capital

Mahodayapuram

Quilon

Karuvur

Important Kings

Perumchottu Uthiyan Cheralathan, Cheraman Kudako  Ilancheral Irumporai

Important events

Foreign trade

The Pallava Dynasty: 275 CE–897 CE

Place

South Indian region and some parts of Sri Lanka

Founder

Bappadevan

Capital

Kanchipuram

Important Kings

Mahendravarman I and Narasimhavarman I

Important events

Visit of Chinese traveler Hiuen Tsang

Chalukya Dynasty: 543–753

Place

South Indian region and central India

Founder

Pulakesi I

Capital

Badami

Important Kings

Pulakesin II, Vikramaditya II

Important events

Art and architecture flourished in South India

 

 

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