Important Dynasties and Kingdoms of Ancient India for IAS Prelims

Indian History is a significant topic in both UPSC Civil Services Exam syllabus. A considerable share of the questions has asked from this segment in the previous year. The Dynasties has great historical importance in history. It has remarked the beginning of an era.

This list will give an insight into the Dynasties of Ancient India and will help you to cover the entire important dynasties in ancient India.

 

Haryanka Dynasty: Middle of 6th century BCE–413 BCE

Place Magadha
Founder Bimbisara
Capital Rajgir (Girivraja)
Important Kings Bimbisara, Ajatashatru and Udayin
Important events The capital shifted to Pataliputra, The 1st Buddhist Council

Shishunaga Dynasty: 413 BCE–345 BCE

Place Magadha
Founder Shishunaga
Capital (Girivraja)
Important Kings Shishunaga and Kakavarna Kalasoka
Important events Destruction of Avanti and the 2nd Buddhist Council

Nanda Dynasty- 345 BCE–321 BCE

Place Magadha
Founder Mahapadma Nanda
Capital Pataliputra
Important Kings Mahapadma Nanda, Dhana Nanda
Important events Alexander invaded India

Mauryan Dynasty: 326 BCE–184 BCE

Place Magadha
Founder Chandragupta Maurya
Capital Pataliputra
Important Kings Chandragupta Maurya, Bindusara, Ashoka
Important events defeated the invasion led by Seleucus Nikator, 3rd Buddhist council

Indo-Scythians Kingdom (The Shaka) : 200 BCE–400 CE

Place Magadha
Founder Maues alias Moga
Capital Sigal

Taxila

Mathura

Important Kings Rudradaman, Vikramaditya
Important events Repaired Sudarsan Lake, Junagarh inscription

The Kushans/ Yeuchi: 30–375

Place Magadha
Founder Yuezhi
Capital Bamiyan

Peshawar

Taxila

Mathura

Important Kings Kanishka
Important events Issued gold coins, 4th Buddhist council

The Sunga dynasty: 185 BC- 73 BC

Place Magadha
Founder Pushyamitra Sunga
Capital Pataliputra
Important Kings Agnimitra, Bhagabhadra and Devbhuti
Important events Issued gold coins, 4th Buddhist council

The Kanva dynasty: 73 BC- 28 BC

Place Magadha
Founder Vasudeva
Capital Pataliputra
Important Kings Vasudeva, Bhumimitra, Narayana and Susharman
Important events

The Satavahanas- 1st century BCE–2nd century CE

Place Deccan region
Founder Simuka
Capital Pratishthana

Amaravati

Important Kings Gautamiputra Satakarni
Important events Issued coins made up of lead, copper, and bronze

Ikshvaku dynasty

Place From Kosala kingdom to the banks of  Sarayu river
Founder Ikshavaku
Capital Saketa

Ayodhya

Important Kings Kusha, Nala II
Important events Executed the Manusmriti

The Chola Dynasty: 300s BCE–1279 CE

Place North east of Pandya Kingdom
Founder Vijayalaya
Capital Poompuhar, Urayur, Tiruvarur,

Pazhaiyaarai, Thanjavur

Gangaikonda Cholapuram

Important Kings Rajaraja Chola I, Rajendra Chola I, Rajadhiraja Chola, Virarajendra Chola and Kulothunga Chola I
Important events Annexed Sri Lanka

The Pandyan Dynasty: 6th century BCE–16th century

Place Tamil Nadu and Southern region
Founder
Capital Korkai

Madurai

Tenkasi

Tirunelveli

Important Kings Nedujadaiyan
Important events Trade with roman empire and sent embassies to Emperor Augustus

The Chera Dynasty: 3rd century BCE–12th century CE

Place Kongunadu and some parts of Present Kerala
Founder Vanavaramban
Capital Mahodayapuram

Quilon

Karuvur

Important Kings Perumchottu Uthiyan Cheralathan, Cheraman Kudako  Ilancheral Irumporai
Important events Foreign trade

The Pallava Dynasty: 275 CE–897 CE

Place South Indian region and some parts of Sri Lanka
Founder Bappadevan
Capital Kanchipuram
Important Kings Mahendravarman I and Narasimhavarman I
Important events Visit of Chinese traveler Hiuen Tsang

Chalukya Dynasty: 543–753

Place South Indian region and central India
Founder Pulakesi I
Capital Badami
Important Kings Pulakesin II, Vikramaditya II
Important events Art and architecture flourished in South India

 

 

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