UPSC Exam Preparation: Topic of the Day – Green Revolution – Krishonnati Yojana
The Cabinet Committee on Economic Affairs (CCEA) has given its approval for Green Revolution – Krishonnati Yojana in agriculture sector beyond the 12th Five Year Plan for the period from 2017-18 to 2019-20.
Details about Krishonnati Yojana
• The scheme has been continued as part of its objective to double farmers’ income by 2022.
• It is an umbrella of 11 schemes/missions under Ministry of Agriculture:
- Mission for Integrated Development of Horticulture (MIDH): for improving the nutritional security and income support to farm Households.
- National Food Security Mission (NFSM), including National Mission on Oil Seeds and Oil Palm (NMOOP): for increasing the production of wheat, pulses, rice, coarse cereals and commercial crops and for augmenting the availability of vegetable oils to reduce the imports.
- National Mission for Sustainable Agriculture (NMSA): for promoting sustainable agriculture practices best suitable to the specific agro-ecology focusing on appropriate soil health management, integrated farming, and synergizing resource conservation technology.
- Submission on Agriculture Extension (SMAE): for strengthening the ongoing extension mechanism of local bodies, State Governments, in order to forge effective linkages and synergy amongst various stakeholders, to support HRD interventions, to promote the pervasive and innovative use of electronic / print media, interpersonal communication, and ICT tools, etc.
- Sub-Mission on Seeds and Planting Material (SMSP): for increasing the production of certified / quality seeds, for promoting new technologies in infrastructure, seed production etc.
- Sub-Mission on Agricultural Mechanisation (SMAM): for raising the reach of farm mechanization to small and marginal farmers, for promoting ‘Custom Hiring Centres’, for creating hubs for hi-tech and high value farm equipments, developing awareness among stakeholders via demonstration and capacity building activities, and for ensuring performance testing and certification at designated testing centers located all across India.
- Sub Mission on Plant Protection and Plan Quarantine (SMPPQ): for lessening the loss to quality and yield of agricultural crops from the ravages of insects, rodents, weeds, pests, diseases, nematodes etc. and for shielding the agricultural bio-security from the incursions and spread of alien species, to facilitate exports of Indian agricultural commodities to global markets, and to promote good agricultural practices, particularly with respect to plant protection strategies.
- Integrated Scheme on Agriculture Census, Economics and Statistics (ISACES): for conducting the agriculture census, study of the cost of cultivation of principal crops, undertaking research studies on agro-economic problems of the country, improving agricultural statistics methodology and for creating a hierarchical information system on crop condition and crop production from sowing to harvest.
- Integrated Scheme on Agricultural Cooperation (ISAC): for providing financial assistance for improving the economic conditions of cooperatives, remove regional imbalances and to speed up – cooperative development in agricultural marketing, processing, storage, computerization and weaker section programmes.
- Integrated Scheme on Agricultural Marketing (ISAM): for giving infrastructure facilities for grading, standardization and quality certification of agricultural produce; for setting up a nation-wide marketing information network, and for linking markets through a common online market platform to facilitate pan-India trade in agricultural commodities.
- National e-Governance Plan (NeGP-A): for bettering access of farmers to information & services throughout crop-cycle and for building upon, enhancing & integrating the existing ICT initiatives of Centre and States.
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