UPSC Mains Exam: Important events in World History till 1950

 

World History is an important portion of UPSC IAS Mains examination Syllabus. Majorly, the events from the 18th century are incorporated in the General Studies Mains syllabus. UPSC aspirants should have a detailed and thorough understanding of World history which will additionally help them in International Relations in General Studies Paper II.

Here we are giving the timeline of important events in World History till 1950.

Read more |How to study history for UPSC

B.C.3000

Construction of the Great Pyramids

B.C 776

First Olympiad in Greece

B.C 753

Establishment of Rome

B.C 490

Battle of Marathon

Greeks defeated the Persians

B.C 360

The period of Aristotle and Plato

B.C 332

Egypt conquered by Alexander

B.C 323

Death of Alexander at Babylon

B.C 214

Construction of  the Great Wall of China begins

B.C 4

Birth of Jesus Christ

A.D. 29

Crucifixion of Jesus Christ

375

Huns’ invasion of Europe

570

Birth of Prophet Mohammed at Mecca

632

Death of Mohammed

Beginning of Hijri Era

1280

Invention of gunpowder by Roger Bacon

1338

Hundred Years’ War

1348

Black Death Plague

1453

Turks captured Constantinople

1453

Renaissance in Europe                                                               

1492

Discovery of America by Columbus

1498

Vasco-de-Gama discovered the sea route to India

1588

Spanish Armada defeated

1600

British East India Company established in India

1660

Monarchy reinstated in England

1665

The Great Plague of England

1668

Glorious Revolution in England

1704

Battle of Blenheim

1707

Union of England and Scotland

1776

Declaration of American Independence

1789

French Revolution

George Washington elected the first President of America

1805

Battle of Trafalgar

1815

Battle of Waterloo

1832

Reforms Bill passed in England

1837

Queen Victoria’s succession to the throne of England

1861

American Civil War started

1863

Slavery abolished in USA

1865

Assassination of Abraham Lincoln

1869

Opening of the Suez Canal for traffic

1895

X-Rays were discovered by Roentgen

1896

Marconi invented wireless

1904

Russia-Japan war

1905

Discovery of the Theory of Relativity by Einstein                                       

1911

Chinese Revolution

1912

Republic of China established

1914

Beginning of World War I

1917

Russian Revolution

1918

End of World War I

1919

Treaty of Versailles signed

1920

Formation of the League of Nations

1923

Turkey declared Republic

1933

Hitler became the Chancellor of Germany

1936

Spanish Civil War broke out

1939

World War II begins

1941

Russia invaded by Hitler

Pearl Harbour invaded by Japan

1945

Establishment of UNO

End of World War II

Death of President Roosevelt

First dropping of the Atom Bomb in Hiroshima and Nagasaki

1946

Civil War in China

1948

Ceylon  and Burma get independence

1949

The Communists capture power in China

Indonesia gets independence

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