INS Vagir is a Kalvari Class submarine of the Indian Navy. It was launched from the Mazagon docks on 12 November 2020.
It is the fifth submarine of the first batch of six Kalvari-class submarines for the Indian Navy. It is designed by the Naval Group of France and manufactured by Mazagon Dock Limited.
INS Vagir is expected to be commissioned into the Indian Navy by 2022
This article will give details about the INS Vagir within the context of the IAS Exam.
Background of INS Vagir
The second INS Vagir is an iteration of a submarine purchased from Russia on December 3, 1973. It was decommissioned on June 7, 2001.
Vagir is named after the Sand fish, a deep sea predator found in the Indian Ocean.
As stated earlier, INS Vagir is a Kalvari class submarine. The Kalvari class is a type of diesel-electric attack submarine based on the Scorpène-class. These class of submarines derive their name from the first submarine inducted in the Indian Navy, INS Kalvari, that was launched in October 2015.
INS Vagir is a part of Project 75. Project 75 is an indigenous project for the construction of 6 attack submarines for the Indian navy.
The $3.75 bn project is supported by the Department of Defence Production, which in turn is part of the Ministry of Defence. The Naval Group of France is lending its technological expertise to the project.
The status of the remaining submarines is as follows:
- INS Kalvari and INS Khanderi have been commissioned into the Indian Navy
- INS Karanj finished its sea trials and it was commissioned into the ranks of the Indian Navy on March 10, 2021
- INS Vela is undergoing sea trials and is expected to be commissioned by the end of 2021
- INS Vagsheer is currently under construction.
Specifications of INS Vagir
The INS Vagir comes with state-of-the-art stealth features like advanced acoustic absorption technique, low radiated noise and hydro-dynamically optimised shape.
Alone with launching attacks with torpedoes and anti-ship missiles when underwater or on surface, it can undertake multifarious types of missions like, Anti-Submarine, Anti-Surface warfare, surveillance, intelligence gathering etc
It can operate in all theatres of operation, showcasing its inter operational capabilities
Further details of the INS Vagir are given in the table below:
Characteristics of INS Vagir
|Displacement||Surfaced: 1,615 tonnes (1,780 short tons)
Submerged: 1,775 tonnes (1,957 short tons)
|Speed||Surfaced: 20 km/h
Submerged: 37 km/h
|Range||12,000 km at 15 km/h (surfaced)
1,020 km at 7.4 km/h (submerged)
|Electronic warfare||C303/S anti-torpedo countermeasure system|
Importance of Submarines for Indian Navy
At present India operates one submarine each in the nuclear-driven classes of Chakra and Arihand in addition to 14 submarines belonging to the Diesel-Electric category, like the Shishumar and Sindhughosh, most of which are ageing.
Both nuclear powered and diesel-electric submarines have their roles in Carrier Battle Groups. Carrier Battle Groups are naval formations of ships and submarines with the Aircraft Carriers playing the central role.
Submarines like the INS Vagir are crucial for India’s strategic deterrence and in protecting its sovereignty in the Indian Ocean Region. In the wake of the “string of pearls” doctrine followed aggressively by China, the submarines of Project 75 will prove to be a crucial asset.
INS Vagir- Download PDF Here
FAQ about INS Vagir
How good is Scorpene submarine?
Who has designed INS Vagir?
For more information about upcoming Government Exams, visit the linked article. More exam-related preparation materials will be found through the links given below
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|INS Vikrant||UPSC Syllabus||Current Affairs Quiz|
|Topic-wise GS 1 Questions for UPSC Mains||Topic-wise GS 2 Questions for UPSC Mains||Topic-wise GS 3 Questions for UPSC Mains|