UPSC 2017: Comprehensive News Analysis - 21 May 2017

A. GS1 Related:
B. GS2 Related:

POLITY

1. EVM hackathon from June 3

2. Indian EVMs far superior: EC

C. GS3 Related:

INTERNAL SECURITY

1. Private firms eye key defence role 

DISASTER MANAGEMENT

1. India taking part in global disaster risk reduction meet in Mexico 

SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY

1. Moon orbiting solar system’s third largest dwarf planet found 

D. GS4 Related:
E. Concepts-in-News: Related Concepts to Revise/Learn
F. Bills/Acts/Schemes/Orgs in News
G. Practice Questions for UPSC Prelims Exam

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Useful News Articles for UPSC Current Affairs

A. GS1 Related

Nothing here for Today!!!

 

B. GS2 Related

Category: POLITY

1. EVM hackathon from June 3

Context:

  • EVM’s tampering issue. 

In news:

  • The Election Commission invited recognised political parties to an “Electronic Voting Machine (EVM) Challenge” beginning June 3.
  • EC challenging the parties to demonstrate tampering EVM.
  • Only Indian experts are allowed to participate in the event.
  • The challenge will be open for four to five days, for the political parties that participated in the Assembly elections in Goa, Punjab, Manipur, Uttarakhand and Uttar Pradesh.
  • An independent team of experts will supervise the proceedings, which will be video-recorded.
  • Experts will be allowed to open and inspect the machine, they will not be allowed to tweak its components.

Procedure:

  • Political parties can nominate three experts
  • Each party will be assigned four EVMs of their choice, picked up from EC warehouses in any Assembly constituency. 

2. Indian EVMs far superior: EC

Context:

  • EVM tampering issue.

In news:

  • Election Commission reiterated that the device being a standalone machine could not be hacked and that it was far superior to those manufactured abroad.

EVM’s are foolproof:

  • EVM’s do not have any frequency receiver or data decoder for wireless signalling.
  • Manipulation at the manufacturing stage is ruled out due to very stringent security protocol on software security.
  • The results cannot be altered even by activating any malicious software as the chip used is only one-time programmable.
  • The control unit activates the ballot unit for only one key press at a time; any additional key pressed is not sensed and this makes it impossible to send signals by pressing a sequence of keys or secret codes.
  • The new model introduced in 2013 has additional features like tamper detection and self diagnostics, which checks if any changes have been made.

Key facts:

  • Indian manufacturers have supplied EVMs to Namibia, Nepal and Bhutan.
  • Countries like Australia, Russia, Afghanistan, Nigeria and Bulgaria, have also shown interest in the product
  • It is manufactured by two public sector undertakings, Bharat Electronic Limited and Electronics Corporation of India.

 

C. GS3 Related

Category: INTERNAL SECURITY

1. Private firms eye key defence role

In news:

  • Defence Acquisition Council, chaired by Defence Minister Arun Jaitley approved the “broad contours of a policy aimed at engaging the private sector in the manufacture of high-tech defence equipment in India.”
  • DAC has approved four platforms in which the private sector will play a key role in the first stage: fighter aircraft, submarines, armoured vehicles and helicopters.

Objectives of policy:

  • The policy is aimed at developing the defence industrial eco-system in the country via the involvement of both the major Indian corporates as well as the MSME sector.
  • The policy aims to establishment of “long-term strategic partnerships with qualified Indian industry majors through a transparent and competitive process wherein the Indian industry partners would tie up with global OEMs (original equipment manufacturer) to see technology transfers and manufacturing know-how to set up domestic manufacturing infrastructure and supply chains.”
  • Policy will contribute to the building of self-reliance in the vital sector of national security requirements.

Defense acquisition Council:

  • The Government has set up a Defence Acquisition Council headed by the Raksha Mantri for decision making in regard to the totality of the new planning process.
  • Which inter-alia involves according ‘in principle’ approval of Capital Acquisitions in the long term perspective plan and for each Capital Acquisition programme.
  • The decision flowing from the Defence Acquisition Council are to be implemented by the following 3 Boards –
  • Defence Procurement Board headed by the Defence Secretary
  • Defence Production Board headed by the Secretary (Defence Production)
  • Defence Research & Development Board headed by the Secretary (Defence Research & Development) 

Category: DISASTER MANAGEMENT

1. India taking part in global disaster risk reduction meet in Mexico

In news:

  • India is participating in a five-day long Global Platform for Disaster Risk Reduction (GPDRR) summit being held in Mexico.
  • The summit will mark the first opportunity since 2015 to review global progress in the implementation of SFDRR
  • It will also provide a platform for all stakeholders to galvanise their efforts in sustainable development and climate change adaptation, sharing of experiences, discussing innovative solutions, and charting out the course for an integrated approach at the international, regional, national and local levels.

About GPDRR:

  • The GPDRR is a global forum for strategic advice, coordination, partnership development and review of progress in the implementation of the Sendai Framework for Disaster Risk Reduction (SFDRR) 2015-2030 which was adopted at the 3rd UN World conference on disaster risk reduction held in March 2015 in Sendai, Japan.

Category: SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY

1. Moon orbiting solar system’s third largest dwarf planet found 

In news:

  • Scientists have discovered a new moon orbiting the third largest dwarf planet, that resides in the frigid outskirts in our solar system.
  • Key Findings: most of the known dwarf planets in the Kuiper Belt larger than 965 kilometres across have companions.
  • These bodies can provide some insight into how moons formed in the young solar system.

Basic information

  • The Kuiper Belt: The Kuiper Belt is a disc-shaped region of icy bodies – including dwarf planets such as Pluto – and comets beyond the orbit of Neptune. It extends from about 30 to 55 AU and is probably populated with hundreds of thousands of icy bodies larger than 100 km (62 miles) across and an estimated trillion or more comets. The first Kuiper Belt Object was discovered in 1992.

Dwarf planet:

  • A dwarf planet is a planetary-mass object that is neither a planet nor a natural satellite. That is, it is in direct orbit of the Sun, and is massive enough for its gravity to crush it into a hydrostatic equilibrium shape (usually a spheroid), but has not cleared the neighborhood of other material around its orbit.
  • The International Astronomical Union (IAU) currently recognizes five dwarf planets: Ceres; Pluto; Haumea; Makemake; and Eris.

 

D. GS4 Related

Nothing here for Today!!!

 

PIB Articles               

 

E. Concepts-in-News: Related Concepts to Revise/Learn
Prelims worthy factual information
  • Iran’s President Hassan Rouhani has won a second term in office.
  • India – 122nd spot in the World Happiness Report for 2017, brought out by the United Nations. Down five points from the 2016 survey.
F. Bills/Acts/Schemes/Orgs in News

Article in News

About the article

 

G. Practice Questions for UPSC Prelims Exam
Question 1: Indian manufacturers have supplied EVMs
  1. Sri Lanka
  2. Myanmar
  3. Bangladesh
  4. Bhutan
See
Answer
Question 2: Electronic Voting Machine is manufactured in India by
  1. BEL only
  2. Electronics Corporation of India only.
  3. Both BEL and Electronic Corporation of India
  4. None of the above
See
Answer
Question 3: Consider the following statements:
  1. Global Platform for Disaster Risk Reduction summit is being held at Mexico.
  2. Global Platform for Disaster Risk Reduction is global forum for reviewing of progress in the implementation of the Sendai Framework for Disaster Risk Reduction.

Choose the correct option.

  1. Only 1
  2. Only 2
  3. Both 1 and 2
  4. Neither 1 nor 2
See
Answer
Question 4: The defence acquisition council is headed by
  1. National Security Adviser
  2. Prime Minister
  3. President of India
  4. Defence Minister
See
Answer
Question 5: Which among the following is/ are dwarf planets?
  1. Ceres
  2. Pluto
  3. Makemake
  4. Eris
  5. Haumea

Choose the right option.

  1. 1, 3, 4, 5
  2. 1, 2, 3, 4
  3. 1, 4, 5
  4. All are correct
See
Answer

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