TABLE OF CONTENT
A. GS1 Related B. GS2 Related Polity 1. ‘Scant respect for NHRC’ 2. Give data of C-section and normal deliveries: Maneka 3. Housing For All By 2022: With demand-supply gap shrinking, affordable housing segment set to grow International Relations 1. U.S. likely to unveil South Asia policy soon 2. Malabar drills aim at giving regional security, says Japan C. GS3 Related Environment and Ecology 1. Fixing a major piece of the climate puzzle D. GS4 Related E. Concepts-in-News: Related Concepts to Revise/Learn F. Bills/Acts/Schemes/Orgs in News G. Practice Questions for UPSC Prelims Exam
UPSC Current Affairs 2017: News Analysis
Nothing here for Today!!!
- In a 26-page judgment, the Supreme Court throws points out that human rights and the National Human Rights Commission have suffered a slow death at the hands of the government and the State authorities.
- Neglect and stagnation suffered by the NHRC has imperilled human rights in the nation like in fake encounter’ killings of Manipur
Problems faced by NHRC
- The NHRC, which had investigated 20 of these deaths, was stonewalled for years by the authorities.
- It is actually headed by a former Chief Justice of India or judges of the Supreme Court, had declared its own failure and termed itself a “toothless tiger”.
- The intention of the NHRC is to more effectively assist the criminal justice delivery system and avoid any factual controversies while respecting human rights.
- It is not as if the dignity of only living persons needs to be respected. Even the dignity of the dead must be given due respect.
NHRC’s revised guidelines of 2010
- It makes magisterial inquiry into every police encounter death
- The NHRC has to be informed of every encounter death.
- However, these guidelines are given scant respect by the States.
- In many States, human rights commissions are obvious in their absence for years.
What is the issue?
- To combat the alarming rise in caesarean section operations in India, Union Government is considering audit of private hospitals
- They will be asked to display the data of normal and C-section deliveries prominently
Recent step taken by the Women and Child Development (WCD) Ministry
- The Ministry has written to Health Ministery asking that it be made mandatory for private hospitals enrolled with the Central Government Health Scheme (CGHS) to display the data of C-section and normal deliveries
- The Ministery has further demanded that the Health Ministry direct State governments to conduct periodic audits of private hospitals to ensure unnecessary procedures are not being conducted
Increased cases of C-Section Deliveries
- According to the latest data from the National Family Health Survey 2014-15 (NFHS-4), C-section surgeries have doubled over the last decade across India
- The NFHS-4 data revealed that Telangana has the highest number of C-section deliveries in the country, with 74.9% babies born this way in private hospitals
- Over 40% of the deliveries in Bihar were C-sections, while 58 % of the deliveries in Maharashtra were through C-section procedures
- As per World Health Organization guidelines, 10-15% of deliveries being C-sections is considered appropriate
Demand-Supply gap shrinking
- Affordable housing schemes are on a growth curve in 2017
- Huge demand in housing segments is being met with increasing supply
- In housing sector, massive demand and massive unsold residential inventory is co-existing
- Why: This is the result of pricing mismatch
Governments Efforts under the ‘Housing for All by 2022’
- The government is collaborating with private builders and developers under a public-private partnership (PPP) model to make ‘Housing for All by 2022’
Other efforts by the government
- The government has provided 39 per cent higher allocations for affordable housing development vis-à-vis FY17 under the Pradhan Mantri Awas Yojana (PMAY)
- It has also extended the Credit Linked Subsidy Scheme to loans of value up to Rs 12 lakh
- Government policies like the Real Estate Regulatory Authority (RERA) have infused fresh buyer confidence into the realty sector
- The most important decision by government is that it a has granted infrastructure status to affordable housing
Observation of ICRA
- According to the ICRA, the affordable housing segment in India is set to grow at a faster pace than the rest of the real estate sector
- Also, it will be the key growth driver for the Indian mortgage finance market
Positive things that are coming in the affordable Housing sector
- The segment has lost its “down market” label and become a serious and respectable business sector for developers
- It is a given that the demand-supply gap is huge, but the fact is that it is narrowing visibly for the first time in several decades
- The Trump administration is likely to unveil its South Asia policy in the coming weeks.
- The review is likely to include the United States’ position on its relations with India, Pakistan and Afghanistan.
- National Defense Authorization Act 2018: The U.S. House of Representatives passed a bill worth about $ 621.5 billion that will enable increased cooperation with India in the defense sector.
Trilateral Naval exercise, Malabar 2017
- The trilateral Naval exercise, Malabar 2017, involving India, the U.S. and Japan, is strategically very important and meant to maintain the rule of law and maritime security in the region.
- It is for safeguarding peace and stability in the Indo-Pacific region” and there could be more exchanges involving ground and air forces and an exchange of personnel in various areas.
Asia-Africa Growth Corridor project
- Envisaging an India-Japan collaboration in Africa
- For a free and open Indo-Pacific region and to make this region more inter-connected and prosperous.
- It is not particularly counter-balancing to some initiative such as China’s Belt and Road project,
- This initiative is important for prosperity and security of this region
- India has vast experience, network in eastern part of Africa and Japan have good technology and financing to support African development.
- Japan has been working with Indian officials and businessmen for “a concrete development plan” in Africa.
- Civil nuclear agreement, signed between the two countries last year, given the Diet’s approval.
- Japanese investors in India were “very happy” with roll out of the GST.
- Fixing air-conditioning would be the best and more effective solution to climate change
- New research indicates that adding improved efficiency in refrigeration and phasing out fluorinated gases used for cooling, as mandated by international agreement, could eliminate a full degree Celsius of warming by 2100
Air-conditioners and Climate change
- Hydrofluorocarbons account for about 1 percent of global greenhouse gas emissions, but it is thousands of times as potent as carbon dioxide and may account for up to 19 percent of emissions by 2050 if their manufacture continues unchecked.
- India to the Philippines to South Africa, air-conditioners are increasingly a must-have item.
- Businesses and homeowners in Asia and Africa are expected to buy about 700 million air-conditioners by 2030, and 1.6 billion by mid -century.
- Kigali amendment to the Montreal Protocol.
- The landmark 1987 pact designed to close the hole in the ozone layer by banning ozone-depleting coolants called chlorofluorocarbons/CFCs.
- The amendment reached last year in the capital of Rwanda binds nations to phase out HFCs, avoiding an estimated half degree Celsius of warming by 2100.
- Nations must call for new regulatory policies on manufacturing standards and labeling.
Nothing here for Today!!!
Nothing here for Today!!!
G. Practice Questions for UPSC Prelims Exam
Question 1: Consider the following disabilities:
- Muscular Dystrophy
- Acid Attack Victim
Which among the following has been identified as disability under The Rights Of Person With Disability Act, 2016
- 1 only
- 1 and 3 only
- 1 and 2 only
- 1,2 and 3
Question 2: The strategic oil- and gas bearing region called “Yamala Peninsula” is located in which country?
Question 3: Rajgir Mahotsav is celebrated in _________.
- Uttar Pradesh
- Madhya Pradesh
Question 4: Sangai Festival is celebrated in which among the following states of India?
Question 5: The “Aichi Targets” are related to ________.
- Conservation of Biodiversity
- Conservation of Wetlands
- Conservation of Coral reefs
- Prevention of Plastic use
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