TABLE OF CONTENT
A. GS1 Related B. GS2 Related POLITY 1. Rajnath bats for use of simple Hindi 2. India has 31% of world’s poor kids: report C. GS3 Related INTERNAL SECURITY 1. Prithvi-II missile successfully test-fired 2. Army to induct 18 Dhanush artillery guns this year 3. India pulls out of Shangri La dialogue, Defence Minister Arun Jaitley caught up with work DISASTER MANAGEMENT 1. Odisha may give lessons in disaster preparedness SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY 1. ISRO abuzz over heavy-lift rocket launch on June 5 ENVIRONMENT AND ECOLOGY 1. India to stand by Paris deal D. GS4 Related E. Concepts-in-News: Related Concepts to Revise/Learn F. Bills/Acts/Schemes/Orgs in News G. Practice Questions for UPSC Prelims Exam
UPSC Current Affairs 2017: News Analysis
A. GS1 Related
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Hindi Advisory Board committee meeting:
- Home Minister Rajnath Singh said that government officials should use “simple Hindi” to encourage the spread of language among the masses.
- The committee also discussed the issue of non-publication of official documents and reports in the language and stressed the need for its promotion.
- There should be a Hindi logo for “Indian Police Service,” and all police officials should have bilingual name badges on their uniform
- All official documents and reports be published in Hindi
Recently recommendations of a parliamentary committee on official languages has been accepted by the President.
- As many as 110 out of 117 recommendations in the report were accepted by the President.
- Options for students to write their exams in Hindi, minimum knowledge of Hindi must for government jobs and mandatory announcements in Hindi at railway stations in non-Hindi speaking States like Tamil Nadu, Karnataka, Andhra Pradesh, Telangana and Kerala.
Highlights of survey-Global Multidimensional Poverty Index [MPI], 2017’ by the Oxford Poverty and Human Development Initiative (OPHI)
- OPHI is an economic research centre at the Oxford University, led by Professor Sabina Alkire, and the study is based on a survey conducted among 103 countries.
- About 31% of the world’s “multidimensionally poor” children live in India.
Multidemensionally poor child:
- A “multidimensionally poor” child is one who lacks at least one-third of ten indicators, grouped into three dimensions of poverty: health, education and standard of living.
- The health dimension comprises indicators such as nutrition, child mortality, and education.
- Under standard of living are indicators such as access to cooking fuel, improved sanitation, safe drinking water, electricity, flooring, and asset ownership.
- In terms of the number of such multidimensionally poor children as a proportion of the total population, India stood 37th among 103 countries.
- Out of India’s 217 million (21.7 crore) children, 9% were multidimensionally poor.
- More than 528 million (52.8 crore) Indians are poor, which is more people than all the poor people living in Sub-Saharan Africa combined
- The average percentage of deprivation in terms of the 10 MPI categories was highest in Sub-Saharan Africa. Sub-Saharan Africa was followed by the region described as the Arab States (53%). South Asia occupied the third spot, with children deprived in 49% of the MPI indicators
What needs to be done?
- The global Sustainable Development Goal needs to be given due attention.
- Serious efforts to be made to achieve Goal 1 of SDG: the eradication of poverty in all its forms and dimensions.
C. GS3 Related
- India successfully test-fired its indigenously developed nuclear-capable Prithvi-II missile from a test range in Odisha.
- Surface-to-surface missile
- Strike range of 350 km
- Capable of carrying 500 kg to 1,000 kg of warheads
- Thrusted by liquid propulsion twin engines.
- It uses advanced inertial guidance system with manoeuvring trajectory to hit its target with precision and accuracy.
- Inducted into Indian armed forces in 2003, the nine-metre tall, single-stage liquid-fuelled Prithvi II is the first missile to have been developed by the DRDO under the Integrated Guided Missile Development Programme.
Integrated Guided Missile Development Programme:
- The Integrated Guided Missile Development Programme (IGMDP) was an Indian Ministry of Defence programme for the research and development of the comprehensive range of missiles.
- The programme was managed by the Defence Research and Development Organisation (DRDO) and Ordnance Factories Board in partnership with other Indian government political organisations.
- The project started in 1982–83 with popular political support from the successive governments and bestowed under the leadership of Abdul Kalam who oversaw its ending in 2008 after these strategic missiles were successfully developed.
- The last major missile developed under the programme was the Agni 3 intermediate-range ballistic missile which was successfully tested its first test on July 9th, 2007.
- On 8 January 2008, the DRDO formally announced the successful completion of the IGMDP.
- It added that the strategic integrated guided missile programme was completed with its design objectives achieved since most of the missiles in the programme had been developed and inducted by the Indian armed forces.
- The first regiment of 18 Dhanush artillery guns, the indigenously upgraded variant of the Swedish Bofors guns, is scheduled to be inducted into the Army by the end of the year.
- Dhanush is an upgraded version, based on the original design of the Swedish 155-mm Bofors howitzers, which India procured in the mid-1980s.
- It is a 155-mm, 45-calibre gun with a maximum range of 40 km in salvo mode, compared to the 39-calibre, 27-km range of the original guns.
- India will once again go unrepresented at a senior level at the prominent Shangri-La Dialogue (SLD), the annual security forum in Singapore that brings together defence ministers, top military officers and experts from the Asia-Pacific region as well as others like the US and Europe.
- “Busy schedule” of Arun Jaitley, who handles both the finance and defence portfolios, did not permit him to attend the three-day security forum this weekend.
- India does not give adequate importance to military diplomacy in the Asia-Pacific region, especially since SLD is a “Track-1” security forum that allows world leaders to discuss and fashion policy.
- Odisha, the country’s disaster prone state is credited with pioneering works in the field of disaster management.
- Odisha may impart lessons on cyclone preparedness to 14 Pacific island nations that are hit by tropical cyclones at regular intervals.
- Odisha has also adopted a “Mission Zero Casualty’ policy for all disasters.
- 1999 super cyclone: 10,000 people lost their life.
- Odisha then on wards has continuously added to its manpower and infrastructure needed for disaster preparedness.
- Micro-level preparedness: When a cyclone is forecast to hit the Odisha coast, emphasis is laid on micro-level preparedness, besides macro-planning.
- Even at the village level, disaster machinery prepare a list of pregnant women and the differently-abled people. This helps in evacuations and handling of emergency situations at hospitals.
- Odisha has been training the local communities on how to deal with disasters.
- The Odisha Disaster Rapid Action Force (ODRAF) has been in the forefront of rescue activities during disasters in other States. The State has so far raised 10 units of ODRAF and 10 more units will be deployed soon. About 400 multipurpose cyclone and flood shelters have been constructed and 400 more shelter buildings are set to be built. The Red Cross also built 65 cyclone shelters.
- ISRO is all set to launch its indigenous built GSLV-Mark III on June 5.
- A bid to breach a heavy-lift rocket club(U.S., Russia, Europe, China and Japan) that can put four-tonne satellites into space.
- Indian communication satellites can be lofted into space from within the country.
- It will also improve ISRO’s ability to reach heavier satellites to both — the higher geostationary transfer orbit or GTO of 36,000 km; and to low-Earth orbit or LEO of up to 800 km.
- Lowers the cost of putting spacecraft to orbit.
- India would stand by its Paris climate treaty commitments, notwithstanding the pull out by the Donald Trump administration, which blamed India and China as the two beneficiaries of an “unfair” climate deal.
- India’s eight-point climate action plan to reduce carbon emission intensity by one-third and generate 40% of total electricity from non-fossil fuel sources is financially self-sufficient at the moment.
Intended nationally determined contribution (INDC)
- In October 2016, in the run-up to the Paris summit, India released its intended nationally determined contribution (INDC), a set of voluntary targets to clean up the environment.
- Lowering carbon emission growth rate by 33-35% by resorting to a clean and efficient energy system
- Improving energy efficiency
- Developing climate resilient urban centres
- Promoting waste to energy conversion
- Establishing smart and green transport network
- Reducing the pollution load and expanding canopy cover.
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Article in News
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Question 1: Mixed Cropping is the practice of
- Growing two or more crops simultaneously on the same piece of land.
- Growing crops and rearing livestock simultaneously
- Growing different crops on a piece of land in a pre-planned succession
- Growing fodder crops along with livestock
Question 2: As per IUCN’s RED DATA book Celebes crested macaque is
- Critically endangered species
- Vulnerable species
- Least concerned species
- None of the above
Question 3: Consider the following statement with reference to Phytorid waste water treatment technology:
- It involves a constructed wetland exclusively designed for the treatment of municipal, urban, agricultural and industrial wastewater.
- Technology developed by National Environmental Engineering Research Institute.
Select the correct answer using the code given below:
- 1 only
- 2 only
- Both 1 and 2
- None of the above
Question 4: Identify the correct statement with reference to Khurki system.
- It is a irrigation system adopted in South Asia
- It is a system of land revenue adopted by Mughals
- It is a system used by the British planters to compel the farmers to sow indigo.
- None of the above
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