15 Feb 2021: UPSC Exam Comprehensive News Analysis

CNA 15 Feb 2021:- Download PDF Here

TABLE OF CONTENTS

A. GS 1 Related
ANCIENT HISTORY
1. Fossils of ‘Dickinsonia’ found at Bhimbetka
B. GS 2 Related
C. GS 3 Related
ECONOMY
1. Farm income mission off target
D. GS 4 Related
E. Editorials
INTERNATIONAL RELATIONS
1. Endless war
HEALTH
1. Boosting confidence
GOVERNANCE
1. Fuzzy law, unclear jurisprudence, trampled rights
F. Prelims Facts
1. PM hands over Arjun Mk-1A tank to Army
G. Tidbits
1. 22-year-old activist sent to Delhi police custody
2. Pakistan Army conducts exercises in Thar Desert
3. Scheduled Tribe seats for Ph.D. programmes in IIT Bombay remain unfilled
H. UPSC Prelims Practice Questions
I. UPSC Mains Practice Questions

G. Tidbits

1. 22-year-old activist sent to Delhi police custody

What’s in News?

A 22-year-old climate activist was remanded in custody of the Delhi police after she was arrested for allegedly sharing with Greta Thunberg a “toolkit” related to the farmers’ protests.

Details:

  • The public prosecutor claimed that the “toolkit” was created as part of a plan to revive pro-Khalistan groups in the country.
    • ‘Toolkit’ is a term used by activists for a campaign information document.
  • According to the police, the activist is an editor of the “Toolkit Google Doc” and was a key conspirator in the document’s formulation and dissemination.
  • It alleged that she started a WhatsApp group to make the toolkit in collaboration with pro-Khalistani organisation Poetic Justice Foundation to spread disaffection against the Indian state.
  • She was the one who shared the Toolkit Doc with Greta Thunberg and later asked Greta to remove the main Doc after its incriminating details accidentally got into the public domain.

2. Pakistan Army conducts exercises in Thar Desert

What’s in News?

The Pakistan Army is holding a month-long exercise in the Thar Desert, located in the Sindh province, to prepare for conflict in extreme desert environments.

Details:

  • The exercise is code-named ‘Jidar-ul-Hadeed’.
  • The four-week-long defensive manoeuvre exercise is aimed at validating the concept of defence in deserts.
  • In another development, the multinational naval exercise hosted by Pakistan, Aman-2021, began in the Arabian Sea.
    • As many as 45 countries, including the U.S., Russia, China and Turkey, are participating in the exercise.

Note:

  • The Thar Desert is an arid region that covers over 2,00,000 sq km.
  • It forms a natural boundary along the border between India and Pakistan.

3. Scheduled Tribe seats for Ph.D. programmes in IIT Bombay remain unfilled

What’s in News?

RTI data for 2015 to 2019 reveal poor acceptance rate in IIT Bombay for students from marginalised communities, with 25 of 26 departments not filling OBC, SC quotas either.

  • Eleven of the 26 departments did not admit a single student under the ST category in the period under question.

Also read the article Ph.D. entry in IITs tougher for students from marginalised communities, covered in 13th February 2021 Comprehensive News Analysis.

H. UPSC Prelims Practice Questions

Q1. Consider the following statements:
  1.  The largest volcano in the solar system is on Mars.
  2. Martian year is longer than the Earth year.
  3. Phobos and Deimos are martian moons.

Which of the given statement/s is/are INCORRECT?

  1. 1 only
  2. 2 only
  3. 1 and 3 only
  4. None of the above
CHECK ANSWERS:-

Answer: d

Explanation:

  • Mars’ Olympus Mons is the largest volcano in the solar system. It’s approximately 374 miles across, 16 miles tall, and has a 50-mile-wide crater at its summit.
  • Martian year is longer than the Earth year. Mars revolves or orbits around the Sun once every 1.88 Earth years, or once every 686.93 Earth days.
  • Phobos and Deimos are martian moons.
Q2. Karlapat Wildlife Sanctuary is located in:
  1. Karnataka
  2. West Bengal
  3. Odisha
  4. Assam
CHECK ANSWERS:-

Answer: c

Explanation:

Karlapat Wildlife Sanctuary is a wildlife sanctuary located in Kalahandi district in Odisha.

Q3. Consider the following statements with respect to exercise Jidar-ul-Hadeed:
  1. It is a multinational naval exercise with participation from the U.S., Russia, China and Turkey.
  2. The exercise is hosted by Pakistan.

Which of the given statement/s is/are INCORRECT?

  1. 1 only
  2. 2 only
  3. Both 1 and 2
  4. Neither 1 nor 2
CHECK ANSWERS:-

Answer: a

Explanation:

  • Only statement 1 is incorrect.
  • The Pakistan Army is holding a month-long exercise in the Thar Desert, located in the Sindh province, to prepare for conflict in extreme desert environments. The exercise is code-named ‘Jidar-ul-Hadeed’.
  • Aman-2021 is the multinational naval exercise hosted by Pakistan. As many as 45 countries, including the U.S., Russia, China and Turkey, are participating in the exercise.
Q4. Consider the following statements with respect to the Arctic Council:
  1. The Arctic Council was established by the Ottawa Declaration.
  2. Its decisions, recommendations or guidelines are non-enforceable and strictly the prerogative of the individual state.
  3. Its mandate includes military security.

Which of the given statement/s is/are correct?

  1. 1 only
  2. 2 and 3 only
  3. 1 and 2 only
  4. 1, 2 and 3
CHECK ANSWERS:-

Answer: c

Explanation:

  • The Arctic Council was established by the Ottawa Declaration.
  • The decisions, recommendations or guidelines of the Arctic Council are non-enforceable and strictly the prerogative of the individual state.
  • Its mandate explicitly excludes military security.

I. UPSC Mains Practice Questions

  1. In the backdrop of the government and Twitter being at loggerheads over issues related to content removal and freedom of expression, discuss if reforms are needed in the legal regime. Substantiate your answer. (15 Marks, 250 Words) (GS 2 Governance).
  2. With the U.S announcing its decision to end support for Saudi Arabia’s Yemen war, it is time for Saudi Arabia to end the blockade of Yemen and start talks with rebel factions. Comment. (GS 2 International Relations) (15 marks, 250 words).

Read the previous CNA here.

CNA 15 Feb 2021:- Download PDF Here

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