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07 Feb 2023: UPSC Exam Comprehensive News Analysis

CNA 07 Feb 2023:- Download PDF Here

TABLE OF CONTENTS

A. GS 1 Related
B. GS 2 Related
C. GS 3 Related
SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY
1. Voice deepfakes: how they are generated, used, misused and differentiated
D. GS 4 Related
E. Editorials
SECURITY
1. Jammu, village defence and governance
INTERNATIONAL RELATIONS
1. Puncturing ties
POLITY AND GOVERNANCE
1. End-of-life decisions
F. Prelims Facts
G. Tidbits
1. Naval LCA lands on Vikrant, first aeroplane to touch down
2. India, Canada FMs discuss Indo-Pacific cooperation, trade
3. India’s growing energy demand offers investment opportunities: PM
H. UPSC Prelims Practice Questions
I. UPSC Mains Practice Questions
FIP Magazine

2. India, Canada FMs discuss Indo-Pacific cooperation, trade

  • The Canadian Foreign Minister and the Indian External Affairs Minister met at the India-Canada Strategic Dialogue in Delhi which included discussions on Indo-Pacific cooperation and trade.
  • The latest round of Dialogue is said to be an attempt by both countries to revive the bilateral ties which have witnessed several turbulent years.
  • Canada had released its “Indo-Pacific strategy” in which it said that the Indo-Pacific region will play a significant role in its future, regarded China as an increasingly disruptive global power and recognised India as a crucial partner.
    • The strategy document had mentioned that Canada would seek opportunities to collaborate and engage in dialogue with India in areas of common interest such as security, promotion of democracy, pluralism and human rights.
  • Acknowledging the shared vision of a free, open and inclusive Indo-Pacific, India has welcomed the announcement of the Indo-Pacific Strategy by Canada.
  • According to the former High Commissioner to Ottawa, 2023 could become the year of the India-Canada reset, considering the Indo-Pacific strategy convergence and trade talks which could negotiate an Early Progress Trade Agreement (EPTA) between the countries.

Learn more about – India-Canada Relations

3. India’s growing energy demand offers investment opportunities: PM

  • Inaugurating the India Energy Week (IEW), 2023 in Bengaluru, the Indian Prime Minister (PM) said that the demand for energy in India has grown significantly which offers opportunities for companies to invest and collaborate with energy firms.
  • IEW 2023 is said to be India’s first comprehensive energy event that covers the entire value chain in the year of the G20 presidency.
    • IEW 2023 is designed to ensure energy security, affordability and accessibility.
  • The PM further added that the country’s energy demand has increased significantly and is expected to reach 11% of the global demand in the coming years as compared to 5% at present.
  • The PM also said that the government had allocated ₹1 lakh crore for green hydrogen under the National Green Hydrogen Mission which would help India to replace the use of grey hydrogen.
  • The Union Minister of Petroleum and Natural Gas also said that India’s energy landscape has undergone significant transformation and the government is prepared to play a catalyst in accommodating the latest developments and adoption of low-carbon options such as biofuels, electric vehicles, and green hydrogen.

For more information on IEW 2023 refer to the following article: 

PIB Summary for UPSC date 05 Feb 2023: India Energy Week 2023

H. UPSC Prelims Practice Questions

Q1. Consider the following statements regarding Tribals in India: (Level – Moderate)
  1. India’s tribal communities form 8.6% of the country’s population according to the 2011 Census.
  2. The Tribal Affairs Ministry was set up in 1999 after the bifurcation of the Ministry of Social Justice and Empowerment with the objective of providing a more focused approach to the integrated socio-economic development of the Scheduled Tribes (STs).
  3. The Ministry of Tribal Affairs runs the ‘Sankalp Se Siddhi’ initiative, also known as ‘Mission Van Dhan’, in line with the Prime Minister’s aim to establish a sustainable livelihood for India’s tribal population.

Choose the correct code:

  1. 1 & 2 only
  2. 2 & 3 only
  3. 1 & 3 only
  4. All of the above
CHECK ANSWERS:-

Answer: d

Explanation:

  • Statement 1 is correct, As per the 2011 Census data, Tribals make up 8.6% of India’s population.
  • Statement 2 is correct, The Ministry of Tribal Affairs was set up in 1999 after the bifurcation of the Ministry of Social Justice and Empowerment with the objective of providing a more focused approach to the integrated socio-economic development of the Scheduled Tribes (STs).
  • Statement 3 is correct, The Minister for Tribal Affairs has launched the tribal livelihoods initiative “Sankalp Se Siddhi” or “Mission Van Dhan”.
    • The initiative is in line with the Prime Minister’s vision to establish a sustainable livelihood for India’s tribal population.
Q2. Consider the following statements with regard to INS Vikrant: (Level – Easy)
  1. Vikrant is named after India’s first aircraft carrier, bought from the USSR and commissioned in 1961.
  2. Vikrant is the largest naval ship to be designed and built in India.
  3. Naval LCA became the first aeroplane to touch down on INS Vikrant.

Choose the correct code:

  1. 1 & 2 only
  2. 2 & 3 only
  3. 1 & 3 only
  4. All of the above
CHECK ANSWERS:-

Answer: b

Explanation:

  • Statement 1 is not correct, INS Vikrant is named after the first aircraft carrier to ever grace the arsenal of the Indian Navy which was commissioned in 1961.
    • The HMS Hercules of the British Royal Navy was re-christened as ‘Vikrant’ after purchase by the Indian Navy. 
  • Statement 2 is correct, INS Vikrant is the largest ship ever designed and built in India’s maritime history.
  • Statement 3 is correct, The naval version of the indigenous Light Combat Aircraft (LCA) Tejas landed on INS Vikrant marking the maiden landing of a fixed-wing aircraft on INS Vikrant.
Q3. Consider the following statements with regard to Keoladeo National Park: 
(Level – Easy)
  1. Keoladeo National Park is formerly known as the Bharatpur Bird Sanctuary.
  2. It is a UNESCO World Heritage and a Ramsar site.
  3. Gambhir and Banganga are two rivers that flow through this National Park.

Choose the correct code:

  1. 1 & 2 only
  2. 2 & 3 only
  3. 1 & 3 only
  4. All of the above
CHECK ANSWERS:-

Answer: d

Explanation:

  • Statement 1 is correct, Keoladeo National Park (in Rajasthan) which is regarded as one of the world’s most important bird breeding and feeding grounds was formerly known as the Bharatpur Bird Sanctuary.
  • Statement 2 is correct, Keoladeo National Park was listed as a World Heritage Site by UNESCO in 1985 and it was also designated a Wetland of International Importance under the Ramsar Convention in 1981.
  • Statement 3 is correct, Keoladeo National Park is situated at the confluence of the Gambhir and Banganga rivers.
Q4. Consider the following statements with regard to earthquakes: (Level – Moderate)
  1. Shallow earthquakes are generally more devastating because they carry greater energy when they emerge on the surface.
  2. Magnitude is measured on a logarithmic scale, which means the seismic waves produced by a magnitude 6 earthquake have 10 times higher amplitude than the ones produced by a magnitude 5 earthquake.
  3. Seismic waves travel significantly faster than the speed of light.

Choose the correct code:

  1. 1 & 2 only
  2. 2 & 3 only
  3. 1 & 3 only
  4. All of the above
CHECK ANSWERS:-

Answer: a

Explanation:

  • Statement 1 is correct, Shallow earthquakes are generally more devastating because they carry greater energy when they emerge on the surface. 
  • Statement 2 is correct, Magnitude is measured on a logarithmic scale, which means the seismic waves produced by a magnitude 6 earthquake have 10 times higher amplitude than the ones produced by a magnitude 5 earthquake. 
    • Magnitude is the measure of how big the waves are, while strength refers to the energy the waves carry.
  • Statement 3 is not correct, Seismic waves travel significantly slower than the speed of light i.e. between 5 and 13 km per second.
Q5. In India, the use of carbofuran, methyl parathion phorate and triazophos is viewed 
with apprehension. These chemicals are used as (Level – Difficult) PYQ (2019)
  1. pesticides in agriculture
  2. preservatives in processed foods
  3. fruit-ripening agents
  4. moisturising agents in cosmetics
CHECK ANSWERS:-

Answer: a

Explanation:

  • Carbofuran, methyl parathion, phorate and triazophos are banned pesticides used in agriculture.
  • The Ministry of Agriculture has issued a notification inviting objections and suggestions from the stakeholders on completely banning pesticides/insecticides including Benomyl, Carbaryl, Diazinon, Fenarimol, Fenthion, Linuron, MEMC, Methyl Parthion, Sodium Cyanide, Thiometon, Tridemorph, Trifluralin, Alachlor, Dichlorvos, Phorate, Phosphamidon, Triazophos and Trichlorfon.

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