25 Jul 2022: UPSC Exam Comprehensive News Analysis

Quote for the day Set 5 11

CNA 25 July 2022:- Download PDF Here

TABLE OF CONTENTS

A. GS 1 Related
B. GS 2 Related
GGOVERNANCE
1. Indian sports bodies under scandal and scrutiny
C. GS 3 Related
SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY
1. The challenges of fiberization ahead of India’s 5G deployment
D. GS 4 Related
E. Editorials
INTERNATIONAL RELATIONS
1. MC12 over, it’s ‘gains’ for the developed world
ECONOMY
1. Weighing in on India’s investment-led revival
F. Prelims Facts
1. Neeraj Chopra- World Athletics Championship
2. Digital Jyot
G. Tidbits
H. UPSC Prelims Practice Questions
I. UPSC Mains Practice Questions
FIP Magazine

F. Prelims Facts

1. Neeraj Chopra- World Athletics Championships

  • Neeraj Chopra won silver medal in Javelin throw at the World Athletics Championships.
  • The World Athletics Championships are a biennial athletics competition organized by World Athletics.
  • The 2022 edition of the championship is being held in the United States of America.

2. Digital Jyot

  • It is a beam of light installed by the union government at Central Park, Delhi  to pay tribute to freedom fighters as a part of initiatives to celebrate 75 years of Independence.
  • It is surrounded by an illuminated metallic floral sculpture inspired by the determination and courage of our freedom fighters and martyrs. 
  • As per the official site, the design of the floral sculpture finds its inspiration from nature and flowers linked to ideas of hope, positivity and strength.
  • The beam gets brighter as more messages paying tribute to freedom fighters are posted by the public on the website.The light will be at its full capacity when the tribute count touches 01 crore mark.
Digital Jyot

Image Source: Ministry of Culture

G. Tidbits

Nothing here today!!!

H. UPSC Prelims Practice Questions

Q1. Consider the following statements about Anushilan Samiti.(Level- Difficult)
  1. The organization arose from a conglomeration of local youth groups in Bengal in 1902 due to the efforts of Satish Chandra Basu.
  2. The organization comprised two independent arms in East and West Bengal, Dhaka Anushilan Samiti and the Jugantar group.
  3. The Jugantar group led by Pulin Behari Das undertook the Barrah dacoity in 1908.

Which of the following statements are correct?

  1. 1 and 2 only 
  2. 2 and 3 only
  3. 1 and 3 only
  4. 1, 2 and 3
CHECK ANSWERS:-

Answer: a

Explanation:

  • Statement 1 is correct, The Anushilan Samiti was established by Satish Chandra Basu with the patronage of Calcutta barrister Pramathanath Mitra on March 24th 1902.
  • Statement 2 is correct, Anushilan Samiti propounded revolutionary violence for ending the British Raj in India. Its two arms were the Dhaka Anushilan Samiti centered in Dhaka, and the Jugantar Group centered at Calcutta. 
  • Statement 3 is incorrect, Pulin Bihari Das was the founder and member of the Dhaka Anushilan Samiti, not Jugantar group.
Q2. Which of the following statement/s is/are incorrect with respect to the Central
Administrative Tribunal (CAT)? (Level- Medium)
  1. The Jurisdiction of CAT extends to the all-India services, the Central civil services, civil posts under the center and civilian employees of defense services.
  2. The members of CAT are drawn from both judicial and administrative streams and are appointed by the President.
  3. Appeals against the order of the CAT can be made only in the Supreme Court and not in High Courts.

Options:

  1. 1 only
  2. 1 and 3 only 
  3. 3 only
  4. 2 only
CHECK ANSWERS:-

Answer: c

Explanation: 

  • Statement 1 is correct, Established under Article 323, CAT provides for adjudication of disputes and complaints with respect to recruitment and conditions of service of persons appointed to public services and posts in connection with the affairs of the Union or other authorities under the control of the Government.
  • Statement 2 is correct, CAT’s members are drawn from legal and administrative fields to provide the benefit of expertise in both domains.
  • Statement 3 is incorrect, appeals against the orders of a tribunal could be made in the High Court (and not the SC directly – Chandra Kumar Case, 1997).
Q3. Consider the following statements about the Modhera Sun Temple.(Level- Difficult)
  1. It was built in the 11th century during the reign of Bhima I of the Chalukya dynasty.
  2. It is built in the Maru-Gurjara Style of architecture.

Which of the following statement/s is/are correct?

  1. 1 only
  2. 2 only
  3. Both 1 and 2 
  4. Neither 1 nor 2
CHECK ANSWERS:-

Answer: c

Explanation:

  • Statement 1 is correct, The Sun Temple dedicated to the solar deity Surya is located at Modhera village of  Gujarat. It is situated on the bank of the river Pushpavati. It was built during the rule of Bhima I of Chalukya dynasty after 1026-27 CE.
  • Statement 2 is correct, the temple complex is built in Maru- Gurjara style also called Chalukyan Style. 
    • The temple complex has three axially aligned components; the garbhagriha in a hall (gudhamandapa), the outer or assembly hall (sabhamandapa) and a sacred reservoir (kunda).
Chalukyan Style Temple

Image source: Gujarat Tourism

Q4. Which of the following countries is the largest producer of mangoes in the world?
(Level-Medium)
  1. India
  2. China
  3. Pakistan
  4. Thailand
CHECK ANSWERS:-

Answer: a

Explanation: India is the largest producer of mangoes, followed by China and Thailand. Almost 20 million tonnes of mangoes are cultivated every year in India. 

Q5. Consider the following pairs: (Level- Difficult)

Wildlife                                                                Naturally found in

  1. Blue-finned Mahseer                                            Cauvery River
  2. Irrawaddy Dolphin                                                Chambal River
  3. Rusty-spotted Cat                                                  Eastern Ghats

Which of the pairs given above are correctly matched?

  1. 1 and 2 only
  2. 2 and 3 only
  3. 1 and 3 only
  4. 1, 2 and 3
CHECK ANSWERS:-

Answer: c

Explanation: 

  • Statement 01 is correct, Cauvery basin is home to two varieties of Mahseers—Blue finned Mahseer and orange-finned, hump-backed Mahseer.
  • Statement 02 is incorrect, Irrawaddy dolphins are found in coastal areas in South and Southeast Asia, and in 03 rivers: 
    • the Mahakam river in Indonesian Borneo, Mekong river in China and the Irrawaddy river in Myanmar.
  • Statement 03 is correct, the rusty spotted cat inhabits the forests of Andhra Pradesh in the Eastern Ghats.

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