15 Jun 2020: UPSC Exam Comprehensive News Analysis

15 June 2020 CNA:- Download PDF Here

 
TABLE OF CONTENTS

A. GS 1 Related
SOCIAL ISSUES
1. In the pandemic, the disabled remain an invisible minority
B. GS 2 Related
POLITY AND GOVERNANCE
1. SC to extend virtual court system amid COVID-19 fears
C. GS 3 Related
ECONOMY
1. MSMEs wait for work as demand slumps post lockdown
INTERNAL SECURITY
1. India looks to deploy Naval Liaisons
D. GS 4 Related
E. Editorials
POLITY AND GOVERNANCE
1. The need for an anti-discrimination law
INTERNATIONAL RELATIONS
1. No longer special
F. Prelims Facts
1. Malabar gliding frog spotted at Pullad
G. Tidbits
1. ‘Deforestation leading to many diseases’
2. ICMR study plots mid-November peak
H. UPSC Prelims Practice Questions
I. UPSC Mains Practice Questions

Category: INTERNAL SECURITY

1. India looks to deploy Naval Liaisons

Context:

  • India’s decision to post Navy Liaison Officers with regional monitoring groups.

Background:

  • India joined the Indian Ocean Commission (IOC) as Observer in March 2020.
    • The IOC is a regional forum in the Southwest Indian Ocean, comprising five nations — Comoros, France (Reunion), Madagascar, Mauritius and Seychelles. China and the European Union (EU) have been Observers in the IOC since 2016 and 2017, respectively.

For more information on this, refer to:

CNA dated Mar 7, 2020

Details:

  • India is looking to post Navy Liaison Officers at the Regional Maritime Information Fusion Centre (RMIFC) in Madagascar, functioning under the aegis of the IOC and also at the European maritime surveillance initiative in the Strait of Hormuz (EMASOH) for improved Maritime Domain Awareness (MDA).
    • The headquarters of the EMASOH is based at the French naval base in Abu Dhabi.

Significance:

  • The aim of the EMASOH is to monitor maritime activity and guarantee freedom of navigation in the Persian Gulf and the Strait of Hormuz. Given that a large volume of India’s trade happens through this region, this will benefit India.
  • This move will help improve the linkages of the Navy’s Information Fusion Centre for Indian Ocean Region (IFC-IOR) in Gurugram with other IFCs and enable it to become the repository for all maritime data in the IOR.
    • The Indian Navy set up the IFC-IOR in December 2018 to track maritime movements in the region.

For more information on this, refer to:

CNA dated April 22, 2020

G. Tidbits

1. ‘Deforestation leading to many diseases’

  • The High Court of Manipur has linked deforestation to diseases, including COVID-19, and ordered the State authorities to restore the forest cover for avoiding the threat of animal-borne diseases.
  • The court referred to several books and articles by naturalist Charles Darwin, Nobel laureate and biologist Sir Peter Medawar, journalist Jim Robbins, and Carl Bergstrom of the University of Washington, an authority on pandemic and infectious diseases.

2. ICMR study plots mid-November peak

  • A study, conducted by researchers from an Operations Research Group constituted by the Indian Council of Medical Research (ICMR), has noted that the lockdown shifted the peak stage of COVID-19 in India by an estimated 34 days to 76 days and helped bring down the number of infections by between 69% and 97%, allowing time to shore up resources and health infrastructure.
  • The peak stage of COVID-19 may now arrive around mid-November when a paucity of isolation and ICU beds and ventilators can arise.
  • With sustained measures to increase the infrastructure and the varying pace of the epidemic in different regions, the impact of the unmet need can be reduced.

H. UPSC Prelims Practice Questions

Q1. Which of the following pairs is/are correctly matched?
  1. Indian Navy’s Information Fusion Centre for Indian Ocean Region (IFC-IOR): Gurugram
  2. Regional Maritime Information Fusion Centre (RMIFC): Madagascar
  3. European maritime surveillance initiative in the Strait of Hormuz: Abu Dhabi

Options:

  1. 1 and 2 only
  2. 2 and 3 only
  3. 1 only
  4. 1, 2 and 3
See
Answer
Q2. Which of the following statement/s is/are correct with respect to Indian 
Ocean Commission (IOC):
  1. It is an intergovernmental organisation headquartered in Mauritius.
  2. India, along with China, is an observer member of IOC.

Options:

  1. 1 only
  2. 2 only
  3. Both 1 and 2
  4. Neither 1 nor 2
See
Answer
Q3. Which of the following cities lies on a longitude closest to Bangalore?
  1. Hyderabad
  2. Nagpur
  3. Bhopal
  4. Thiruvananthapuram
See
Answer
Q4. Which of the following statement/s is/are correct?
  1. The Non-Cooperation Movement arose in the backdrop of the Jallianwala Bagh massacre and the controversy surrounding the Rowlatt Act.
  2. Post the Chauri Chaura incident in February 1922, Gandhi called off the Non-Cooperation Movement.

Options:

  1. 1 only
  2. 2 only
  3. Both1 and 2
  4. Neither 1 nor 2
See
Answer

I. UPSC Mains Practice Questions

  1. Analyze how Maritime Domain Awareness (MDA) of the Indian Ocean region is of critical importance to India. Discuss the steps being taken by India in this regard. (15 marks, 250 words)
  2. Discuss the constitutional provisions dealing with the aspect of equality in India. Evaluate the effectiveness of these provisions in addressing the challenge of inequality in India. (10 marks, 150 words)

Read the previous CNA here.

15 June 2020 CNA:- Download PDF Here

 

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