UPSC: PIB Summary and Analysis Jan 12


  • Saksham (Sanrakshan Kshamta Mahotsav) is an annual flagship event of Petroleum Conservation Research Association (PCRA) under the aegis of Ministry of Petroleum & Natural Gas, with active involvement of the Oil & Gas PSUs along with other stakeholders like State Governments, for creating focused attention on fuel conservation through people centric activities and to sensitize the masses about the conservation and efficient use of petroleum products leading to better health and environment.
  • The campaign aims to intensify efforts for making citizens aware about the conservation and effective utilization of petroleum products
  • Nationwide campaign on various media platforms viz. All India Radio, Doordarshan, TV channels, Private FM channels, Digital Cinema Theaters etc. on fuel conservation and Cyclothon activities are planned for various cities.
  • It is going to enthuse the masses with a new energy coupled with an all-out effort for saving the precious treasure, the ‘Fuel’, which will also contribute in keeping our environment green.



National Youth Festival

  • The National Youth Festival in India is an annual gathering of youth with various activities including competitive ones.
  • Celebrated to commemorate the birth anniversary of youth icon Swami Vivekananda, it is organized by Ministry of Youth Affairs and Sports
  • This is the first time that the National Youth Festival is being organized in NCR.
  • The objective of organizing NYF is to provide a platform to bring the youth of the country together in an attempt to provide them opportunity to showcase their talents in various activities.
  • This is the 22nd National Youth Festival. The 1st National Youth Festival was held in 1995 in Bhopal.
  • The Festival also provides an arena, by creating a Mini-India, where youth interact in formal and informal settings and exchange their social and cultural uniqueness. This blend of diverse socio-cultural milieu creates ‘Ek Bharat Shrestha Bharat’.


  • The Theme of the Festival is ‘Sankalp Se Siddhi’, to capitalize on the demographic dividend of young India, to capture the vibrancy and fresh perspective of youth and to pledge to accomplish the Goal of New India.


Ek Bharat Shreshtha Bharat

  • In order to further good governance and to strengthen understanding of each other, Union Budget 2016-17 proposes to create a closer engagement between different States and Districts in a structured manner.
  • “Ek Bharat Shreshtha Bharat” programme will be launched to link States and Districts.
  • It is an annual programme that will connect people through exchanges in areas of language, trade, culture, travel and tourism.
  • The programme aims to further strengthen the existing cultural connect between different parts of the country and enhance interaction between people living in different states.

Cultural Mapping of India

  • The project of ‘Cultural Mapping of India’ under which data of artists shall be collected, has been initiated by the Ministry of Culture in order to carry out a survey on Cultural Topography of the country. 
  • Mission is a part of Ek Bharat Shreshtha Bharat’ initiative.
  • Under this scheme, a Web Portal would be developed through National Informatics Centre (NIC) for collection of data directly from artistes online for cultural mapping, which will serve as an Artist Repository and which can be used in future for the purpose of providing grant-in aid under various cultural schemes administered by this Ministry.
  • The mandate of Ministry of Culture is to preserve, promote, explore and share India’s culture and heritage along with its ethos and values for the benefit of mankind.
  • In pursuance of this vision, among others, Ministry has been administering a few finance-based schemes to identify, nurture hand-hold and train the upcoming and budding artistes on a sustained basis.
  • With a view to reach every nook and corner throughout the length and breadth of the country; there is a need to have data-base of such art forms and artists, which we refer to as cultural mapping”. 
  • Hold talent hunt competitions from Block level to National level



International Workshop on Disaster Resilient Infrastructure

  • The workshop is organised by the National Disaster Management Authority (NDMA) in collaboration with United Nations Office for Disaster Risk Reduction (UNISDR).
  • The workshop will bring together countries from different parts of the world – from Chile to Australia and from Japan to Sri Lanka – with different socio-economic backgrounds and geographical features.
  • This will be a great opportunity to learn from their unique experiences in their efforts towards building disaster resilient infrastructure.
  • The workshop will also see multilateral development banks, the United Nations, the private sector and academics coming together to identify best practices in the infrastructure sector, as well as key issues in existing practices and ways to address them.
  • This workshop aims to take this dialogue on Disaster Resilient Infrastructure and global cooperation further.



India registers significant decline in under five child mortality rate; Rate of decline has doubled over last year 

  • According to the bulletin, under-five child mortality (U5MR) of India showed an impressive decline by 9%, a 4 points decline from 43 per 1000 in 2015 to 39 in 2016. The rate of decline has doubled over the last year.
  • Most of the states have shown good progress in reduction of under-five child mortality from the previous year, except Chattisgarh, Delhi and Uttarakhand, which have shown a slight increase over the previous year and Telangana, which has shown no change in 2016.
  • The gender gap in India for child survival is reducing steadily; the gender difference between female and male under-five mortality rates has now reduced to 11% which was as high as 17% in 2014.
  • The current under-five mortality for male child is 37 per 1000, while for female child is 41 per 1000 live births.

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