UPSC IAS Prelims Exam: Key terms in Medieval Indian History

Terms and their meanings under Ancient and Medieval Indian history have a vital role in UPSC Civil Services IAS Examination. In 2015 and 2016, UPSC had asked questions about the meaning or key terms from Medieval Indian History. They have already asked several terms and their meanings like Eripatti, Purohita, Jana and Panchayatan. So while preparing for Indian history, aspirants should note down these terms with their meanings.  In this scenario, UPSC may follow the same trend and aspirants should know the key terms in history.

1. In the context of the history of India, consider the following pairs: Term description

  1. Eripatti: land, revenue from which was set apart for the maintenance of the village tank.
  2. Taniyurs: Villages donated to a single Brahmin or a group of Brahmins
  3. Ghatikas: colleges generally attached to the temples.

Which of the pairs given above is/are correctly matched?

  1. 1 and 2
  2. 3 only
  3. 2 and 3
  4. 1 and 3

Ans. B

2. With reference to the cultural history of India, the term ‘Panchayatan’ refers to

  1. An assembly of village elders
  2. A religious sect
  3. A style of temple construction
  4. An administrative functionary

Ans: C

 Key terms in Medieval Indian History.

Term

Meaning

Amils

Revenue

Bargir

Cavalrymen

Dam

Coin

Dhimmis

Non-Muslims people

Din

Religion

Diwan

Function of finance

Diwan-i-Arz

Ministry of Military affairs

Diwan-i-Insha

Ministry of Royal correspondence

Diwan-i-Kul

Wazir or Chief imperial fiscal minister

Diwan-i-Risalat

Religious Affairs

Diwan-i-Wizarat

Department of Finance

Faujdar

In charge of Sarkar

Ganj

A grain market

Gomashta

Commercial agent

Hun

A gold coin

Hundis

Bills of Exchange

Ibadat Khana

House of Worship

Khalisa

Land revenue directly for imperial treasury

Khots

Village head

Khums

Tax on plunder

Khutba

A sermon made in Friday mosque

Madad-i-Massh

Tax free grants of land

Malfuzat

Saying of Sufi saint

Mamluk

White slaves

Mir Bhakshi

Military department

Mir Saman

Supply department

Misl

Sikh regions

Muquaddam

Village head

Nagaram

Assembly of Merchants in Chola Period

Nankar

Portion of revenue given to Zamindar

Pargana

Around hundred village

Qanungos

Caretaker of revenue records

Sabha

Assembly of Brahmins in Chola period

Sadr Us Sadur

Ecclesiastical affairs

Sarkar

Administrative unit or Units of Paragana

Shaikhzadas

Indian Muslims nobility

Sharia

Muslim law

Shiqdar

Head of Administrative unit

Sondhar

Loans

Subhas

Provinces

Tankah

Silver coin

Umara

Collective term of nobility

Ummah

Muslim believer

Ur

Common village assembly in Chola Period

Vimans

Towers of Temple

Waqf

Grants to Muslim religious establishments

Watandar

Desais and Deskmukh

Wilayat

Spiritual territory of a Sufi

Wujuhat

Taxes on cattle

Zabt

Revenue based on land measurement

Zawabit

Non-Shariat State laws

 

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