Vocational Education in India
A knowledgeable and skilled workforce is seen as the most important human capital required for the development of a country. Both vocational education and skill development are known to increase productivity of individuals, profitability of employers and national growth. Vocational education aims to develop skilled manpower through diversified courses to meet the requirement primarily the unorganized sector and to inculcate self-employment skills in children through a large number of diversified vocational courses. Given that only 7 to 10 percent of population is engaged in formal sector of economy, development of vocational education will provide skilled labour force in the informal sector which would further enhance the productivity. Central Advisory Board on Education (CABE) and National Knowledge Commission (NKC) also emphasize the need to improve access and participation to vocational education and recommends the flexibility of Vocational education within the main-stream education system. NKC also recommends expanding capacity through innovative delivery models including strengthening of public private partnership. In view of this, the Government has renewed the emphasis on vocational education in XIth and XIIth Five Year Plans.
Article on Vocational Education
Role of National Institute of Open Schooling (NIOS)
NIOS vocational offers vocational courses through the open and distance learning (ODL) mode using a blended learning approach of both open distance learning methodologies and hands on training. At present 15 States have open schools. More than 1400 Accredited Vocational Institutions (AVI) are operational throughout the country.
Revitalization of Vocational Education: National Vocational Qualification Scheme (NVQF)
The Ministry of Human Resource Development has initiated the process of developing a National Vocational Qualification Framework (NVQF) which would provide a common reference framework for linking various vocational qualification and setting common principles and guidelines for a nationally recognised qualification system and standards. NVEQF will be implemented in schools, polytechnics, engineering colleges and other colleges across the country. The NVEQF was initiated with an aim to bridge skill gap and provide trained manpower to various emerging sectors in India and to prepare the youth for a vocation of their choice.
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