UPSC Exam Preparation: Topic of the Day – Warangal Dhurries and Adilabad Dhokra
The craft forms of Warangal Dhurries and Adilabad Dhokra from Telangana have been awarded a Geographical Indication Tag (GI Tag) by the Geographical Indication Registry based in Chennai. Warangal Dhurries is a famous variety of traditional rug made out of cotton and Adilabad Dhokra is an ancient bell metal craft. GI Tag is the sign on certain products corresponding to its origin or the geographical region that it exclusively belongs to. The products with GI tags get an edge over the others in the global markets as they are recognised for their quality, reputation and origin. The GI tag gives an authenticity to the products. The purpose of GI tag enables stakeholders to authenticate their production while earning a premium and derive an improved livelihood.
The Dhurries of India have become synonymous to ‘Warangal Dhurries’ due to the high degree of craftsmanship involved in creation of the thick rugs which are famous across the world. Warangal Dhurries is produced for the past several decades in the State with the geographical advantage of finding cotton in abundance.
- It is a famous traditional thick rug, made out of cotton.
- Beautiful patterns are created on the rug by the weavers. They are later dyed with vegetable dyes and are washed in flowing water once the designs are printed.
- Germany, United Kingdom, some African and European countries have a huge market for these Dhurries.
Dhokra is an ancient bell metal craft practiced by the Ojha metal-smiths of Telangana, West Bengal, Chattisgarh, Odisha and Jharkhand. However, the workmanship and style of the artisan community is different in each of the states. In Telangana, the Ojha artisans are also known as Wojaris or Ojjis who create brass metal art objects using the tedious but perfect lost wax technique while casting the metal.
- The Woj community is native to Adilabad in Telangana.
- Cire Perdu (the lost wax casting technique) is followed by the craftsmen, wherein, from an original sculpture, a duplicate metal sculpture is cast.
- Idols of local deities, statues, bells, dancing figures, jewels, figures of animals and birds are made by the craftsmen using this technique.
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