How are lagoons formed?

A lagoon is a shallow body of water protected from a larger body of water (usually the ocean) by sandbars, barrier islands, or coral reefs. Lagoons are often called estuaries, sounds, bays, or even lakes. They are formed when a shallow water body is separated from a large water body by a small landmass, resulting in the formation of a relief feature that resembles a partially enclosed lake.

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