What are the causes of soil erosion?

Following are the important causes of soil erosion:

  • Higher intensity of rainfall and flooding causes rill erosion, gully erosion, sheet erosion and splash erosion.
  • The agricultural activities disturb the ground. Most of the crops are grown during the spring season, the land lies fallow during winters. Most of the soil is eroded during winters.
  • Overgrazing of animals removes the vegetation from the land which in turn causes erosion.
  • Logging and mining activities also disturb the land and leave the soil more prone to erosion.
  • The construction of roads and buildings
  • The flowing rivers and streams carry away the soil particles leading to erosion.

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