Article 246 of the Constitution deals with the division of power between the Union and the States. It demarcates the powers of the Union and the State by classifying their powers into 3
lists. They are the Union List, the State List and the Concurrent List.
Union list: The Union List is a list of 100 subjects that the Union or Centre government enjoys supreme jurisdiction over. It consists of subjects of National Importance like defence, foreign affairs, banking, atomic energy, railways, post etc.
State list: The state list is a list of 61 subjects that state legislatures enjoy jurisdiction over. It consists of subjects like public order, prisons, public health, production, manufacture, transport, purchase and sale of intoxicating liquors, agricultural education and research, fisheries, state public services etc.
Concurrent list: The concurrent list is a list of 47 subjects on which both the Union and State legislatures enjoy jurisdiction. It consists of subjects like criminal law, criminal procedure, preventive detention, forests, protection of wild animals and birds, trade unions, industrial and labour disputes etc
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