Parts of the Indian Constitution [UPSC Polity Notes]

The Constitution of India, its Parts, Schedules, and Articles are very important topics for the UPSC exam. It is a crucial part of the polity section of the UPSC syllabus. IAS aspirants must be aware of the Parts of the Indian Constitution and the corresponding Articles as well if they are to clear the IAS exam. In this article, you can learn about the Parts of the Indian Constitution.

Parts of the Indian Constitution

The Indian Constitution has 25 Parts and 12 Schedules which encompass 448 Articles. The Constitution of India was adopted by the Constituent Assembly on 26 November 1949 and then came into force on 26 January 1950.

The original Constitution had 395 Articles in 22 Parts and 8 Schedules. Later, four more Parts, four more Schedules and more Articles were added (1 Part was later repealed). Also, there have been 104 Amendments to the Indian Constitution (as of January 2020). 

For more on the Indian Constitution and related topics, please check the links in the table below.

The following table gives the Parts of the Indian Constitution.

Part Subject Matter Articles
I The Union and its territory 1 – 4
II Citizenship  5 – 11
III Fundamental Rights 12 – 35
IV Directive Principles of State Policy 36 – 51
V The Union Government 52 – 151
Chapter I – The Executive 52 – 78
Chapter II – Parliament 79 – 122
Chapter III – Legislative Powers of President 123
Chapter IV – The Union Judiciary 124 – 147
Chapter V – Comptroller and Auditor-General of India 148 – 151
VI The State Governments 152 – 237
Chapter I – General 152
Chapter II – The Executive 153 – 167
Chapter III – The State Legislature 168 – 212
Chapter IV – Legislative Powers of Governor 213
Chapter V – The High Courts 214 – 232
Chapter VI – Subordinate Courts 233 – 237
VII Repealed by the Constitution (7th Amendment) Act, 1956 Article 238 omitted due to the reorganisation of states
VIII The Union Territories 239 – 242
IX The Panchayats 243 – 243-O
IX-A The Municipalities 243-P – 243-ZG
IX-B The Co-operative Societies 243-ZH – 243-ZT
X The Scheduled and Tribal Areas 244 – 244-A
XI Relations between the Union and the States 245 – 263
XII Chapter I – Legislative Relations 245 – 255
Chapter II – Administrative Relations 256 – 263
Finance, Property, Contracts and Suits 264 – 300-A
XIII Trade, Commerce and Intercourse within the Territory of India 301 – 307
XIV Services under the Union and the States 308 – 323
XIV-A Chapter I – Services 308 – 314
Chapter II – Public Service Commissions 315 to 323
Tribunals 323-A – 323-B
XV Elections 324 – 329-A
XVI Special Provisions relating to Certain Classes 330 – 342
XVII Official Language 343 to 351
Chapter I – Language of the Union 343 – 344
Chapter II – Regional Languages 345 – 347
Chapter III – Language of the Supreme Court, High Courts, and so on 348 – 349
Chapter IV – Special Directives 350 – 351
XVIII Emergency Provisions 352 – 360
XIX Miscellaneous 361 – 367
XX Amendment of the Constitution 368
XXI Temporary, Transitional and Special Provisions 369 – 392
XXII Short title, Commencement, Authoritative Text in Hindi and Repeals 393 – 395

You can read more on Part XXI of the Constitution in the link.

Parts added by Amendments

Three Parts were added to the Constitution which had 22 Parts at its commencement. Currently, there are 25 Parts to the Indian Constitution. 

  • Part IV-A was added by the 42nd Amendment (1976) to the Constitution. This Part deals with the Fundamental Duties.
  • Part XIV-A was also added by the 42nd Amendment. This Part contains articles on Tribunals.
  • Part IX-A was added by the 74th Amendment Act (1992). This Part deals with Municipalities. 
  • Part IX-B was added by the 97th Amendment Act (2011) and deals with the co-operative societies.
  • Part VII (dealing with Part – B states) was deleted by the 7th Amendment Act (1956).

Parts of the Indian Constitution:- Download PDF Here

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