The Constitution of India, its Parts, Schedules, and Articles are very important topics for the UPSC exam. It is a crucial part of the polity section of the UPSC syllabus. IAS aspirants must be aware of the Parts of the Indian Constitution and the corresponding Articles as well if they are to clear the IAS exam. In this article, you can learn about the Parts of the Indian Constitution.
Parts of the Indian Constitution
The Indian Constitution has 25 Parts and 12 Schedules which encompass 448 Articles. The Constitution of India was adopted by the Constituent Assembly on 26 November 1949 and then came into force on 26 January 1950.
The original Constitution had 395 Articles in 22 Parts and 8 Schedules. Later, four more Parts, four more Schedules and more Articles were added (1 Part was later repealed). Also, there have been 104 Amendments to the Indian Constitution (as of January 2020).
For more on the Indian Constitution and related topics, please check the links in the table below.
The following table gives the Parts of the Indian Constitution.
|I||The Union and its territory||1 – 4|
|II||Citizenship||5 – 11|
|III||Fundamental Rights||12 – 35|
|IV||Directive Principles of State Policy||36 – 51|
|V||The Union Government||52 – 151|
|Chapter I – The Executive||52 – 78|
|Chapter II – Parliament||79 – 122|
|Chapter III – Legislative Powers of President||123|
|Chapter IV – The Union Judiciary||124 – 147|
|Chapter V – Comptroller and Auditor-General of India||148 – 151|
|VI||The State Governments||152 – 237|
|Chapter I – General||152|
|Chapter II – The Executive||153 – 167|
|Chapter III – The State Legislature||168 – 212|
|Chapter IV – Legislative Powers of Governor||213|
|Chapter V – The High Courts||214 – 232|
|Chapter VI – Subordinate Courts||233 – 237|
|VII||Repealed by the Constitution (7th Amendment) Act, 1956||Article 238 omitted due to the reorganisation of states|
|VIII||The Union Territories||239 – 242|
|IX||The Panchayats||243 – 243-O|
|IX-A||The Municipalities||243-P – 243-ZG|
|IX-B||The Co-operative Societies||243-ZH – 243-ZT|
|X||The Scheduled and Tribal Areas||244 – 244-A|
|XI||Relations between the Union and the States||245 – 263|
|XII||Chapter I – Legislative Relations||245 – 255|
|Chapter II – Administrative Relations||256 – 263|
|Finance, Property, Contracts and Suits||264 – 300-A|
|XIII||Trade, Commerce and Intercourse within the Territory of India||301 – 307|
|XIV||Services under the Union and the States||308 – 323|
|XIV-A||Chapter I – Services||308 – 314|
|Chapter II – Public Service Commissions||315 to 323|
|Tribunals||323-A – 323-B|
|XV||Elections||324 – 329-A|
|XVI||Special Provisions relating to Certain Classes||330 – 342|
|XVII||Official Language||343 to 351|
|Chapter I – Language of the Union||343 – 344|
|Chapter II – Regional Languages||345 – 347|
|Chapter III – Language of the Supreme Court, High Courts, and so on||348 – 349|
|Chapter IV – Special Directives||350 – 351|
|XVIII||Emergency Provisions||352 – 360|
|XIX||Miscellaneous||361 – 367|
|XX||Amendment of the Constitution||368|
|XXI||Temporary, Transitional and Special Provisions||369 – 392|
|XXII||Short title, Commencement, Authoritative Text in Hindi and Repeals||393 – 395|
You can read more on Part XXI of the Constitution in the link.
Parts added by Amendments
Three Parts were added to the Constitution which had 22 Parts at its commencement. Currently, there are 25 Parts to the Indian Constitution.
- Part IV-A was added by the 42nd Amendment (1976) to the Constitution. This Part deals with the Fundamental Duties.
- Part XIV-A was also added by the 42nd Amendment. This Part contains articles on Tribunals.
- Part IX-A was added by the 74th Amendment Act (1992). This Part deals with Municipalities.
- Part IX-B was added by the 97th Amendment Act (2011) and deals with the co-operative societies.
- Part VII (dealing with Part – B states) was deleted by the 7th Amendment Act (1956).
Parts of the Indian Constitution:- Download PDF Here