What is India according to the Constitution?

Article 1 of the Indian Constitution describes India, that is, Bharat, as a ‘Union of States’ rather than a ‘Federation of States’. 

This provision deals with two things:

  1. Name of the country – The Constituent Assembly had to adopt a mix of both traditional (Bharat) and modern names (India). 
  2. Type of polity – The country is described as ‘Union’ although its Constitution is federal in structure. 

Further Reading:

Related Links

Parts of the Indian Constitution

Union Territories 

UPSC Previous Year Question Papers

Historical Background of Indian Constitution

States Reorganisation Act, 1956

Indian Polity Notes

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