What is the difference between jagirdar and Zamindar?

In the Mughla Empire, Jagirdars were holders of land assignments in lieu of assigned duties towards the empire such as police, judiciary etc. while Zamindars, being holders of revenue rights, also had to render military duties and provide soldiers for the royal army, while also giving gifts to the royal court.

The Jagirdar system was introduced by the Delhi Sultanate and continued during the Mughal Empire. In the Mughal times, the jagirdar collected taxes which paid his salary and the rest to the Mughal treasury.

During the Mughal Empire, zamindars belonged to the nobility and formed the ruling class. Emperor Akbar granted them mansabs and their ancestral domains were treated as jagirs. Under British colonial rule in India, the permanent settlement consolidated what came to be known as the zamindari system.

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