NCERT Notes: Delhi Sultanate [Medieval History Of India For UPSC]

In this article, find detailed NCERT notes on the Delhi Sultanate. The Delhi Sultanate comprises multiple dynasties that ruled over northern India in the medieval period. It is an important topic for Civil Services Exam 2021 preparation.

To know more about UPSC 2021, refer to the linked article.

Delhi Sultanate (UPSC Notes):- Download PDF Here

Sultanate of Delhi

The period from 1206 A.D. to 1526 A.D. came to be known as the Delhi Sultanate period. This period witnessed many dynasties and various rulers.

Some of the major dynasties and rulers this period witnessed are listed below.

Sl. No. Dynasty Name
1 Slave (Ghulam) or Mamluk Dynasty
2 Khilji Dynasty
3 Tughluq dynasty
4 Sayyid Dynasty
5 Lodi dynasty

Slave (Ghulam) or Mamluk Dynasty

Ruler Period Events
Qutb-ud-din Aibak (1206–1210) Founder of Mamluk Dynast and Slave of Muhammad Ghori
Aram Shah (1210–1211) Eldest son of Qutb-ud-din Aibak
Shams-ud-din Iltutmish (1211–1236) Son-in-law of Qutb-ud-din Aibak
Rukn ud din Firoz (1236) Son of Iltutmish
Razia Sultana (1236–1240) Daughter of Iltutmish and Grand Daughter of Qutb-ud-din Aibak.
Muizuddin Bahram (1240–1242) Son of Iltutmish
Alauddin Masud (1242–1246) Son of Rukn-ud-din Firoz
Nasiruddin Mahmud (1246–1266) Razia’s Brother who had died in 1229
Ghiyas-ud-din Balban (1266–1286) Father-in-law of Nashiruddin Mahmud and the most powerful ruler of the Slave Dynasty
Muiz ud din Qaiqabad (1287–1290) Grandson of Ghiyasuddin Balban
Kayumars 1290 Son of Muiz-ud-din Qaiqabad

Khilji Dynasty

Rulers Period Events
Jalal- ud- din Firoz Khilji 1290–1296 Founder of the Khilji Dynasty and son of Qaim Khan
Ala-ud-din Khilji 1296–1316 Jalal ud din Firoz Khilji’s Nephew and the most powerful ruler of the Khilji period
Qutb ud din Mubarak Shah 1316–1320 Son of Alauddin Khilji

Tughluq Dynasty

Rulers Period Events
Ghiyath al-Din Tughluq 1321–1325
Muhammad binTughluq 1325–1351 Also called as Muhammad Shah II
Mahmud Ibn Muhammad 1351 (March)
Firuz Shah Tughlaq 1351–1388 Cousin of Muhammad bin Tughlaq
Ghiyas-ud-Din Tughluq II 1388–1389
Abu Bakr Shah 1389–1390
Nasir ud din Muhammad Shah III 1390–1393
Ala ud-din Sikandar Shah I 1393
Mahmud Nasir ud din 1393–1394 Also called as Sultan Mahmud II
Nasir-ud-din Nusrat Shah Tughluq 1394–1399 Grandson of Firuz Shah Tughlaq
Nasir ud din Mahmud 1399–1412 Son of Mahmud Nasir-ud- din

Sayyid Dynasty

Rulers Period
Khizr Khan 1414–1421
Mubarak Shah 1421–1434
Muhammad Shah 1434–1445
Alam Shah 1445–1451

Lodi Dynasty

Rulers Period Important points
Bahlul Lodi 1451–1489 Founder of the Lodi Dynasty
Sikander Lodi 1489–1517 The most prominent ruler of the Lodi Dynasty founded Agra city
Ibrahim Lodi 1517–1526 Defeated by Babur in the First battle of Panipat (in 1526) and thus ended the Delhi Sultanate

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Delhi Sultanate (UPSC Notes):- Download PDF Here

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