NCERT Notes: Medieval History – Sultanate of Delhi

This article talks about the Delhi sultanate notes for IAS exam. Get to know the important dynasties, the major rulers and their founding date, etc. 

Sultanate of Delhi

The period from 1206 A.D. to 1526 A.D. came to be known as the Sultanate period. This period witnessed many dynasties and various rulers.

Some of the major dynasties and rulers this period witnessed are listed below.

Sl. No.

Dynasty Name

1

Slave (Ghulam) or Mamluk Dynasty

2

Khilji Dynasty

3

Tughluq dynasty

4

Sayyid Dynasty

5

Lodi dynasty

Slave (Ghulam) or Mamluk Dynasty

Ruler

Period

Events

Qutb-ud-din Aibak

(1206–1210)

Founder of Mamluk Dynast and Slave of Muhammad Ghori

Aram Shah

(1210–1211)

Eldest son of Qutb-ud-din Aibak

Shams-ud-din Iltutmish

(1211–1236)

Son-in-law of Qutb-ud-din Aibak

Rukn ud din Firoz

(1236)

Son of Iltutmish

Razia Sultana

(1236–1240)

Daughter of Iltutmish and Grand Daughter of Qutb-ud-din Aibak.

Muizuddin Bahram

(1240–1242)

Son of Iltutmish

Alauddin Masud

(1242–1246)

Son of Rukn-ud-din Firoz

Nasiruddin Mahmud

(1246–1266)

Razia’s Brother who had died in 1229)

Ghiyas-ud-din Balban

(1266–1286)

Father-in-law of Nashiruddin mahmud and the most powerful ruler of the Slave Dynasty

Muiz ud din Qaiqabad

(1287–1290)

Grandson of Ghiyasuddin Balban

Kayumars

1290

Son of Muiz-ud-din Qaiqabad

Khilji Dynasty

Rulers

Period

Events

Jalal- ud- din Firoz Khilji

1290–1296

Founder of the Khilji Dynasty and son of Qaim Khan

Ala-ud-din Khilji

1296–1316

Jalal ud din Firoz Khilji’s Nephew and the most powerful ruler of Khilji period

Qutb ud din Mubarak Shah

1316–1320

Son of Alauddin Kilji

Tughluq Dynasty

Rulers

Period

Events

Ghiyath al-Din Tughluq

1321–1325

 

Muhammad binTughluq

1325–1351

Also called as Muhammad Shah II

Mahmud Ibn Muhammad

1351 (March)

 

Firuz Shah Tughlaq

1351–1388

Cousin of Muhammad bin Tughlaq

Ghiyas-ud-Din Tughluq II

1388–1389

 

Abu Bakr Shah

1389–1390

 

Nasir ud din Muhammad Shah III

1390–1393

 

Ala ud-din Sikandar Shah I

1393

 

Mahmud Nasir ud din

1393–1394

Also called as Sultan Mahmud II

Nasir-ud-din Nusrat Shah Tughluq

1394–1399

Grandson of Firuz Shah Tughlaq

Nasir ud din Mahmud

1399–1412

Son of Mahmud Nasir-ud- din

Sayyid Dynasty

Rulers

Period

Khizr Khan

1414–1421

Mubarak Shah

1421–1434

Muhammad Shah

1434–1445

Alam Shah

1445–1451

Lodi Dynasty

Rulers

Period

Important points

Bahlul Lodi

1451–1489

Founder of the Lodi Dynasty

Sikander Lodi

1489–1517

Most prominent ruler of the Lodi Dynasty, founded Agra city

Ibrahim Lodi

1517–1526

Defeated by Babur in the First battle of Panipat (in 1526) and thus ended the Delhi Sultanate

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