- The Constitution (One Hundred and Fifth Amendment) Act, 2021 is the latest amendment in Indian Constitution 2021. The Bill seeks to restore the power of State governments to identify OBCs that are socially and educationally backward.
- The Constitutional 105th Amendment will amend clauses 1 and 2 of Article 342A and also introduce a new clause 3. The bill will also amend Articles 366 (26c) and 338B (9).
- It is designed to clarify that the states can maintain the “state list” of OBCs. The 102nd amendment was only to create a Central List that would be applied only in the Central government and its institutions. It had nothing to do with the State Lists of backward classes or the State governments’ powers to declare a community backward.