- Before the 91st Amendment Act (2003), the size of the Council of Ministers was determined according to exigencies of time and requirements of the situation. But this led to the very large size of the Council of Ministers.
- Besides, when no party had a clear majority, there was a temptation to win over the support of the members of the Parliament by giving them ministerial positions as there was no restriction on the number of members of the Council of Ministers.
- This was happening in many States also.
- Therefore, an amendment was made that the Council of Ministers shall not exceed 15 per cent of the total number of members of the House of the People (or Assembly, in the case of the States).
The Ninety-First Amendment Act of 2003 made the provisions to limit the size of the Council of Ministers. The amendment provides that the total number of ministers, including the Prime Minister, in the Central Council of Ministers shall not exceed 15% of the total strength of the Lok Sabha (Article 75(1A)).
Further Reading :
To know about Chief Minister and Council of Ministers, aspirants can check the linked article