Important questions for Class 10 Maths Chapter 13 Surface Areas and Volumes are provided at BYJU’S, which are as per the revised syllabus and latest exam pattern. Students who are preparing for the board exams of CBSE exams 2022-2023 can practise these questions of Surface Areas and Volumes of Class 10 to score full marks for the questions from this chapter. They can also go through the Surface Areas and Volume Notes Class 10 Notes to get a quick overview of the important formulas of this chapter. Solving these questions will boost the confidence level of students and make them prepared for the Class 10 Maths exam.
This chapter is important for students from the examination perspective since most of the long answer questions and objective-based questions will come for the exam from this chapter. Students can also refer to the solutions prepared by BYJU’S expert teachers for all the chapters of Maths. Get important questions for class 10th Maths all chapters here.
Important Questions & Answers For Class 10 Maths Chapter 13 Surface Areas and Volumes
Some of the important questions Surface areas and volumes Class 10 Chapter 13 are given below. The questions include both short-answer type questions and long answer type questions along with HOTS (Higher Order Thinking Skills) questions. Solutions for all these types of questions are given along with images required to understand the solutions.
Also, get access to Class 10 Maths Chapter 13 Surface Areas and Volumes MCQs here.
Short Answer Type Questions
Q.1: A canal is 300 cm wide and 120 cm deep. The water in the canal is flowing at a speed of 20 km/h. How much area will it irrigate in 20 minutes if 8 cm of standing water is desired?
The volume of water flows in the canal in one hour = width of the canal × depth
of the canal × speed of the canal water = 3 × 1.2 × 20 × 1000 m3
= 72000 m3
In 20 minutes the volume of water = (72000 × 20)/ 60 = 24000 m3
Area irrigated in 20 minutes, if 8 cm, i.e., 0.08 m standing water is required
= 300000 m2
= 30 hectares
Q.2: Two cones have their heights in the ratio 1 : 3 and radii in the ratio 3 : 1. What is the ratio of their volumes?
Ratio of heights of two cones = 1 : 3
Ratio of radii = 3 : 1
Let h and 3h be the height of two cones.
Also, 3r and r be the corresponding radii of cones.
So, r1 = 3r, h1 = h, r2 = r, h2 = 3h.
Ratio of volumes = [(1/3)πr12h1]/ [(1/3)πr22h2]
= [(3r)2 h]/[r2 (3h)]
Hence, the ratio of volumes = 3 : 1
Q.3: A cubical ice-cream brick of edge 22 cm is to be distributed among some children by filling ice-cream cones of radius 2 cm and height 7 cm up to its brim. How many children will get the ice cream cones?
Let n be the number of ice-cream cones.
Volume of cubical ice-cream brick = 22 cm × 22 cm × 22 cm
Radius of cone = r = 2 cm
Height of cone = h = 7 cm
Volume of cone = (1/3)πr2h = (1/3) × (22/7) × 2 × 2 × 7
n × Volume of one cone = Volume of cubical ice-cream brick
n × (1/3) × (22/7) × 2 × 2 × 7 = 22 × 22 × 22
n × (1/3) × 4 = 22 × 22
n = (22 × 22 × 3)/4
n = 363
Therefore, 363 children will get the ice cream cones.
Q.4: Three cubes of a metal whose edges are in the ratio 3:4:5 are melted and converted into a single cube whose diagonal is 12√3 cm. Find the edges of the three cubes.
Let the edges of three cubes (in cm) be 3x, 4x and 5x, respectively.
Volume of the cubes after melting is = (3x)3 + (4x)3 + (5x)3 = 216x3 cm3
Let a be the side of a new cube so formed after melting.
Therefore, a3 = 216x3
So, a = 6x
Given that, diagonal of a single cube = 12√3 cm
i.e. √(a2 + a2 + a2) = 12√3
a√3 = 12√3
Therefore, a = 12
Thus, 12 = 6x
x = 2
Now, 3x = 3 × 2 = 6
4x = 4 × 2 = 8
5x = 5 × 2 = 10
Therefore, the edges of the three cubes are 6 cm, 8 cm and 10 cm, respectively.
Q.5: Find the number of solid spheres each of diameter 6 cm that can be made by melting a solid metal cylinder of height 45 cm and diameter 4 cm.
Diameter of solid sphere = 6 cm
Diameter of cylinder = 4 cm
Height of cylinder = h = 45 cm
Radius of sphere = r1 = 6/2 = 3 cm
Radius of cylinder = r2 = 4/2 = 2 cm
Let n be the number of spheres.
n × Volume of one sphere = Volume of cylinder
n × (4/3)πr13 = πr22h
n × (4/3) × (22/7) × 3 × 3 × 3 = (22/7) × 2 × 2 × 45
n × 9 = 45
n = 45/9
n = 5
Long Answer Type Questions
Q.1: Rasheed got a playing top (lattu) as his birthday present, which surprisingly had no colour on it. He wanted to colour it with his crayons. The top is shaped like a cone surmounted by a hemisphere. The entire top is 5 cm in height, and the diameter of the top is 3.5 cm. Find the area he has to colour. (Take π = 22/7)
TSA of the toy = CSA of hemisphere + CSA of cone
Curved surface area of the hemisphere = 1/ 2 (4πr2) = 2π r2 = 2(22/7)× (3.5/2) × (3.5/2) = 19.25 cm2
Height of the cone = Height of the top – Radius of the hemispherical part
= (5 – 3.5/2) cm = 3.25 cm
Therefore, CSA of cone = πrl = (22/7) × (3.5/2) × 3.7 = 20.35 cm2
Hence, the surface area of the top = [2(22/7)× (3.5/2) × (3.5/2) + (22/7) × (3.5/2) × 3.7] cm2
= (22/7) × (3.5/2) (3.5+3.7) cm2
= (11/2) × (3.5 + 3.7) cm2
= 39.6 cm2 (approx.)
Q. 2: Mayank made a bird-bath for his garden in the shape of a cylinder with a hemispherical depression at one end, as shown in the figure. The height of the cylinder is 1.45 m, and its radius is 30 cm. Find the total surface area of the bird-bath. (Take π = 22/7)
Let h be the height of the cylinder and r be the common radius of the cylinder and hemisphere. Then, the total surface area of the bird-bath = CSA of cylinder + CSA of the hemisphere
= 2πrh + 2πr2
= 2π r(h + r)
= 2 (22/7) × 30 × (145 + 30) cm2
= 33000 cm2 = 3.3 m2
Q.3: 2 cubes each of volume 64 cm3 are joined end to end. Find the surface area of the resulting cuboid.
The diagram will obtain as below:
The Volume (V) of each cube is = 64 cm3
This implies that a3 = 64 cm3
∴ The side of the cube, i.e. a = 4 cm
Also, the breadth and length of the resulting cuboid will be 4 cm each while its height will be 8 cm.
So, the surface area of the cuboid (TSA) = 2(lb + bh + lh)
Now, by putting the values, we get,
= 2(8×4 + 4×4 + 4×8) cm2
= (2 × 80) cm2
Hence, TSA of the cuboid = 160 cm2
Q. 4: A tent is in the shape of a cylinder surmounted by a conical top. If the height and diameter of the cylindrical part are 2.1 m and 4 m respectively, and the slant height of the top is 2.8 m, find the area of the canvas used for making the tent. Also, find the cost of the canvas of the tent at the rate of Rs. 500 per m2. (Note that the base of the tent will not be covered with canvas.)
It is known that a tent is a combination of a cone and a cylinder, as shown below.
From the question, we know that
The diameter = D = 4 m
l = 2.8 m (slant height)
The radius of the cylinder is equal to the radius of the cylinder
So, r = 4/2 = 2 m
Also, we know the height of the cylinder (h) is 2.1 m
So, the required surface area of the given tent = surface area of the cone (the top) + surface area of the cylinder(the base)
= πrl + 2πrh
= πr (l+2h)
Now, substituting the values and solving it we get the value as 44 m2
∴ The cost of the canvas at the rate of Rs. 500 per m2 for the tent will be
= Surface area × cost/ m2
= 44 × 500
So, Rs. 22000 will be the total cost of the canvas.
Q. 5: A solid toy is in the form of a hemisphere surmounted by a right circular cone. The height of the cone is 2 cm, and the diameter of the base is 4 cm. Determine the volume of the toy. If a right circular cylinder circumscribes the toy, find the difference between the volumes of the cylinder and the toy. (Take π = 3.14)
Let BPC be the hemisphere and ABC be the cone standing on the base of the hemisphere as shown in the above figure.
The radius BO of the hemisphere (as well as of the cone) =( ½) × 4 cm = 2 cm.
So, volume of the toy = (⅔) πr3 + (⅓) πr2h
= (⅔) × 3.14 × 23 + (⅓)× 3.14 × 22 × 2
= 25.12 cm3
Now, let the right circular cylinder EFGH circumscribe the given solid.
The radius of the base of the right circular cylinder = HP = BO = 2 cm, and its height is
EH = AO + OP = (2 + 2) cm = 4 cm
So, the volume required = volume of the right circular cylinder – the volume of the toy
= (3.14 × 22 × 4 – 25.12) cm3
= 25.12 cm3
Hence, the required difference between the two volumes = 25.12 cm3
Q. 6: A spherical glass vessel has a cylindrical neck 8 cm long, 2 cm in diameter; the diameter of the spherical part is 8.5 cm. By measuring the amount of water it holds, a child finds its volume to be 345 cm3. Check whether she is correct, taking the above as the inside measurements, and π = 3.14.
For the cylinder part, Height (h) = 8 cm and Radius (R) = (2/2) cm = 1 cm
For the spherical part, Radius (r) = (8.5/2) = 4.25 cm
Now, the volume of this vessel = Volume of cylinder + Volume of a sphere
= π × (1)2 × 8 + (4/3) π (4.25)3
= 25.12 + 321.6
= 346.67 cm3
Q. 7: A cone of height 24 cm and radius of base 6 cm is made up of modelling clay. A child reshapes it in the form of a sphere. Find the radius of the sphere.
The volume of cone = (⅓) × π × 6 × 6 × 24 cm3
If r is the radius of the sphere, then its volume is (4/3) πr3.
Since the volume of clay in the form of the cone and the sphere remains the same, we
Have (4/3) πr3 = (⅓) × π × 6 × 6 × 24 cm3
r3 = 3 × 3 × 24 = 33 × 23
So, r = 3 × 2 = 6
Therefore, the radius of the sphere is 6 cm.
Q. 8: Selvi’s house has an overhead tank in the shape of a cylinder. This is filled by pumping water from a sump (an underground tank) which is in the shape of a cuboid. The sump has dimensions 1.57 m × 1.44 m × 95cm. The overhead tank has a radius of 60 cm and a height of 95 cm. Find the height of the water left in the sump after the overhead tank has been completely filled with water from the sump which had been full. Compare the capacity of the tank with that of the sump. (Use π = 3.14)
The volume of water in the overhead tank equals the volume of the water removed from the sump.
Now, the volume of water in the overhead tank (cylinder) = πr2h
= 3.14 × 0.6 × 0.6 × 0.95 m3
The volume of water in the sump when full = l × b × h = 1.57 × 1.44 × 0.95 m3
The volume of water left in the sump after filling the tank
= [(1.57 × 1.44 × 0.95) – (3.14 × 0.6 × 0.6 × 0.95)] m3 = (1.57 × 0.6 × 0.6 × 0.95 × 2) m3
Height of the water left in the sump = (volume of water left in the sump)/ (l × b)
= (1.57× 0.6× 0.6× 0.95 ×2)/ (1.57 ×1.44)
= 0.475 m
= 47.5 cm
Capacity of tank / Capacity of sump = (3.14 × 0.6 × 0.6 × 0.95)/ (1.57 × 1.44 × 0.95)
= 1/ 2
Therefore, the capacity of the tank is half the capacity of the sump.
Q. 9: Metallic spheres of radii 6 cm, 8 cm and 10 cm, respectively, are melted to form a single solid sphere. Find the radius of the resulting sphere.
For Sphere 1:
Radius (r1) = 6 cm
∴ Volume (V1) = (4/3) × π× r13
For Sphere 2:
Radius (r2) = 8 cm
∴ Volume (V2) = (4/3) × π × r23
For Sphere 3:
Radius (r3) = 10 cm
∴ Volume (V3) = (4/3) × π× r33
Also, let the radius of the resulting sphere be “r”
Now, Volume of resulting sphere = V1 + V2 + V3
(4/3)× π× r3 = (4/3)× π× r13 + (4/3)× π× r23 + (4/3) × π× r33
r3 = 63 + 83 + 103
r3 = 1728
r = 12 cm
Q. 10: An open metal bucket is in the shape of a frustum of a cone, mounted on a hollow cylindrical base made of the same metallic sheet as shown in the figure. The diameters of the two circular ends of the bucket are 45 cm and 25 cm, the total vertical height of the bucket is 40 cm and that of the cylindrical base is 6 cm. Find the area of the metallic sheet used to make the bucket, where we do not take into account the handle of the bucket. Also, find the volume of water the bucket can hold. (Take π = 22/7)
The total height of the bucket = 40 cm, which includes the height of the base.
So, the height of the frustum of the cone = (40 – 6) cm = 34 cm.
where r1 = 22.5 cm, r2 = 12.5 cm and h = 34 cm.
The area of metallic sheet used = curved surface area of frustum of cone + area of circular base + curved surface area of cylinder
= [π × 35.44 (22.5 + 12.5) + π × (12.5)2 + 2π × 12.5 × 6] cm2
= 22/7 (1240.4 + 156.25 + 150) cm2
= 4860.9 cm2
Now, the volume of water that the bucket can hold (also, known as the capacity
of the bucket)
= (πh)/3 × (r12 + r22 + r1r2)
=(22/7) × (34/3) × [(22.5)2 + (12.5)2 + (22.5)(12.5)]
=(22/7) × (34/3) × 943.75
= 33615.48 cm3
= 33.62 litres (approx.)
Practice Questions for Class 10 Maths Chapter 13 Surface Areas and Volumes
- How many shots each having a diameter of 3 cm can be made from a cuboidal lead solid of dimensions 9cm × 11cm × 12cm?
- Two solid cones A and B are placed in a cylindrical tube, as shown in the figure. The ratio of their capacities is 2:1. Find the heights and capacities of cones. Also, find the volume of the remaining portion of the cylinder.
- Marbles of diameter 1.4 cm are dropped into a cylindrical beaker of diameter 7 cm containing some water. Find the number of marbles that should be dropped into the beaker so that the water level rises by 5.6 cm.
- How many cubic centimetres of iron is required to construct an open box whose external dimensions are 36 cm, 25 cm and 16.5 cm provided the thickness of the iron is 1.5 cm. If one cubic cm of iron weighs 7.5 g, find the weight of the box.
- A metallic right circular cone 20 cm high and whose vertical angle is 60° is cut into two parts at the middle of its height by a plane parallel to its base. If the frustum so obtained be drawn into a wire of diameter 1/16 cm, find the length of the wire.
- A solid right circular cone of height 120 cm and radius 60 cm is placed in a right circular cylinder full of water of height 180 cm such that it touches the bottom. Find the volume of water left in the cylinder, if the radius of the cylinder is equal to the radius of the cone.
- A pen stand made of wood is in the shape of a cuboid with four conical depressions and a cubical depression to hold the pens and pins, respectively. The dimension of the cuboid is 10 cm, 5 cm and 4 cm. The radius of each of the conical depressions is 0.5 cm, and the depth is 2.1 cm. The edge of the cubical depression is 3 cm. Find the volume of the wood in the entire stand.
- From a solid cube of side 7 cm, a conical cavity of height 7 cm and radius 3 cm is hollowed out. Find the volume of the remaining solid.
- A solid right circular cone is cut into two parts at the middle of its height by a plane parallel to its base. Find the ratio of the volume of the smaller cone to the whole cone.
- The sum of the radius of base and height of a solid right circular cylinder is 37 cm. If the total surface area of the solid cylinder is 1628 sq. cm, find the volume of the cylinder.
We hope these Important Questions Class 10 Maths Chapter 13 Surface Areas Volume must have helped students in their exam preparation. For more study material and the latest update on CBSE/ICSE/State Board/Competitive exams, keep visiting BYJU’S. Also, download the BYJU’S App for interactive study videos.