Surface Areas and Volume


The space occupied by a two-dimensional flat surface. It is measure in square units.

Generally, Area can be of two types

(i) Total Surface Area

(ii) Curved Surface Area

Total surface area

Total surface area refers to area including the base(s) and the curved part.

Curved surface area (lateral surface area)

Refers to area of only the curved part excluding it’s base(s).


The amount of space, measured in cubic units, that an object or substance occupies.


Below given is the table for calculating Surface area and Volume for the basic geometrical figures:

Name Perimeter Total Surface Area Curved Surface Area Volume Figure
Square 4a \(a^{2}\) —- —-
Rectangle 2(w+h) w.h —- —-
Parallelogram 2(a+b) b.h —- —-
Trapezoid a+b+c+d \(\frac{1}{2}(a+b)\times h\) —- —-
Circle \(2 \pi r\) \(\pi r^{2}\) —- —-
Ellipse \(2\pi\sqrt{\left ( \frac{a^{2}+b^{2}}{2} \right )}\) \(\pi a.b\) —- —-
Triangle a+b+c \(\frac{1}{2}\times b \times h\) —- —-
Cuboid 4(l+b+h) 2(lb+bh+hl) \(2 h(l+b)\) \(l \times b \times h\)
Cube 6a \(6a^{2}\) \(4a^{2}\) \(a^{3}\)
Cylinder —- \(\pi r(r+h) \) \(2 \pi r h\) \(\pi r^{2} h\)
Cone —- \(\pi r(r+l)\) \(\pi r l\) \(\frac{1}{3}\pi r^{2} h\)
Sphere —- \(4 \pi r^{2}\) \(4 \pi r^{2}\) \(\frac{4}{3}\pi r^{3} \)
Hemisphere —- \(3 \pi r^{2}\) \(2 \pi r^{2}\) \(\frac{2}{3}\pi r^{3} \)

Practise This Question

An electron moves along a straight line as shown inside a charged parallel plate capacitor.  The space between the plates is filled with constant magnetic field of induction B. Time taken for the straight line motion of the electron in the capacitor is