Surface Areas and Volume

Surface area and volume are calculated for any three-dimensional geometrical shape. The surface area of any given object is the area covered or region occupied by the surface of the object. Whereas volume is the amount of space available in an object. We have learned so far in geometry about different shapes and sizes such as sphere, cube, cuboid, cone, cylinder, etc. Each shape has its surface area as well as volume. But in the case of two-dimensional figures like square, circle, rectangle, triangle, etc., we can measure only the area covered by these figures and there is no volume available. Now, let us see the formulas of area and volume for different shapes.


The space occupied by a two-dimensional flat surface is called area. It is measured in square units.

Generally, Area can be of two types

(i) Total Surface Area

(ii) Curved Surface Area

Total surface area

Total surface area refers to the area including the base(s) and the curved part.

Curved surface area (lateral surface area)

Refers to the area of only the curved part excluding its base(s).


The amount of space, measured in cubic units, that an object or substance occupies. Some shapes are two-dimensional, so it doesn’t have volumes. Example, Volume of Circle cannot be found, though Volume of the sphere can be. It is so because a sphere is a three-dimensional shape.

Below given is the table for calculating Surface area and Volume for the basic geometrical figures:

Name Perimeter Total Surface Area Curved Surface Area/Lateral Surface Area Volume Figure
Square 4a a2 —- —- Square
Rectangle 2(w+h) w.h —- —- Rectangle
Parallelogram 2(a+b) b.h —- —- Parallelogram
Trapezoid a+b+c+d 1/2(a+b).h —- —- Trapezoid
Circle 2 π r π r2 —- —- Circle
Ellipse 2π√(a2 + b2)/2       π a.b —- —- Ellipse
Triangle a+b+c 1/2 * b * h —- —- Triangle
Cuboid 4(l+b+h) 2(lb+bh+hl) 2h(l+b) l * b * h Cuboid
Cube 6a  6a2 4a2 a3 Cube
Cylinder —- 2 π r(r+h) 2πrh π r2 h Cylinder
Cone —- π r(r+l) π r l 1/3π r2 h Cone
Sphere —- 4 π r2 4π r2 4/3π r3 Sphere
Hemisphere —- 3 π r2 2 π r2 2/3π r3  Hemisphere


  1. You can get all surface area formulas here!

  2. its good i uhder stood after seeing this

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