A cuboid is a three-dimensional figure bounded by six rectangular planes, having a different magnitude of length, width and height. If you look around and you can see a box, brick or anything in the shape of a rectangular could be cuboid. A cuboid(3-dimensional) can be seen made up of rectangles(2-dimensional) of different dimension when seen from any of the ends. In this article, we are going to discuss the definition of cuboid, total and lateral surface area of a cuboid in a detailed way.
- Cuboid and Cube
- Volume of a Cuboid
- Surface area and Volumes
- 3D shapes
- Difference Between Cube and Cuboid
A cuboid is a three-dimensional figure or solid which has six rectangular sides called faces. Each face of a cuboid is a rectangle, and all of its corners are 90-degrees. It has 8 vertices and 12 Edges. The opposite faces of a cuboid are always equal. It means that the opposite surfaces of the cuboid are in the same dimension. The measures of the cuboid are the Total Surface Area (TSA), Lateral or curved Surface Area (CSA), and the volume. The surface areas are measured in terms of square units, whereas the volume of the cube is measured in terms of cubic units.
Cuboid Surface Area
The surface area of the cuboid can be of two types-
(i) Total Surface Area
(ii) Lateral Surface Area or Curved Surface Area
Surface Area of Cuboid Formula
Before going into the concept of area, let us denote the dimensions of a cuboid, which are,
Length, Width, and Height which are represented by l, w, h respectively.
Total Surface Area of a Cuboid
The Total surface area of a cuboid (TSA) is equal to the sum of the areas of it’s 6 rectangular faces, which is given by:
Total Surface Area of a Cuboid (TSA) = 2 (lw + wh + lh) square units
The above formula gives the total surface area of a cuboid having all the six faces.
Lateral Surface Area of a Cuboid
The lateral surface area of a cuboid is the sum of 4 planes of a rectangle, leaving the top (upper) and the base (lower) surface. Mathematically, the Lateral Surface Area of a cuboid (LSA) is given as:
Lateral Surface Area of a cuboid (LSA) = 2 (lh + wh) = 2 h (l + w) square units
Surface Area of Cuboid Example
Given below is a cuboid having its dimension given as length=8 cm, width=6 cm and height=5 cm, find the TSA of a cuboid.
h = 5 cm
w = 6 cm
l = 8 cm
Using the formula: TSA = 2 (lw + wh + hl)
2( (8×6) + (6×5) + (5×8))
= 2(48 + 30 + 40)
So, the total surface area of this cuboid is 236 cm².
The dimensions of a cuboid are given as follows:
Length = 4.8 cm
Width = 3.4 cm
Height = 7.2 cm.
Find the Total Surface area and the Lateral Surface area.
The total surface area is given as
TSA = 2 (lw + wh + hl)
=2((4.8 ×3.4) + (3.4×7.2) + (7.2×4.8))
= 2(16.32 +24.48 +34.56)
= 2(75.36) cm²
Therefore, TSA of a cuboid= 150.72 cm
Also, the lateral surface area = 2 h (l + w)
= 2×7.2 (4.8 + 3.4)
= 14.4 (8.2) = 118.08
Therefore, LSA of a cuboid = 118.08 cm²
Learn more about various geometrical figures, surface areas and volumes by visiting our site BYJU’S – The Learning App.