The area of a triangle is defined as the total space that is enclosed by any particular triangle. The basic formula to find the area of a given triangle is A = 1/2 × b × h, where b is the base and h is the height of the given triangle, whether it is scalene, isosceles or equilateral.
Example: To find the area of the triangle with base b as 3 cm and height h as 4 cm, we will use the formula for:
Area of a Triangle, A = 1/2 × b × h = 1/2 × 4 cm × 3 cm = 2 cm × 3 cm = 6 cm2
Table of Content
- Heron’s Formula
In general, the term “area” is defined as the region occupied inside the boundary of a flat object or figure. The measurement is done in square units with the standard unit being square meters (m2). For the computation of area, there are pre-defined formulas for squares, rectangles, circle, triangles, etc.
In this article, we will learn the area of triangle formulas for different types of triangles, along with some example problems.
Area of a Triangle Formula
The area of the triangle is given by the formula mentioned below:
- Area of a Triangle = A = ½ (b × h) square units
where b and h are the base and height of the triangle, respectively.
Now, let’s see how to calculate the area of a triangle using the given formulas. The area formulas for all the different types of triangles like an area of an equilateral triangle, right-angled triangle, an isosceles triangle are given below. Also, how to find the area of triangle with 3 sides using Heron’s formula with examples.
Area of a Right Angled Triangle
A right-angled triangle or also called a right triangle have one angle at 90° and the other two acute angles sums to 90°. Therefore, the height of the triangles will be the length of the perpendicular side.
- Area of a Right Triangle = A = ½ × Base × Height(Perpendicular distance)
Area of an Equilateral Triangle
An equilateral triangle has all its sides as equal. The perpendicular drawn from the vertex of the triangle to the base divides the base into two equal parts. To calculate the area of the equilateral triangle, we have to know the measurement of its sides.
- Area of an Equilateral Triangle = A = (√3)/4 × side2
Area of an Isosceles Triangle
An isosceles triangle has two of its sides equal and also the angle opposite the equal sides are equal.
- Area of an Isosceles Triangle = A = ½ (base × height)
Perimeter of a Triangle
The perimeter of a triangle is the distance covered around the triangle and is calculated as the sum of all the three sides of it.
- The perimeter of a triangle = P = a + b + c units
where a, b and c are the sides of the triangle.
Area of Triangle with 3 Sides using Heron’s Formula
The area of a triangle with 3 sides measures can be found using Heron’s formula. Heron’s formula includes two important steps. The first step is to find the semi perimeter of a triangle when all the measurement of three sides of a triangle are given. The next step is that, apply the sides measures of a triangle, such as a, b, and c and the semi-perimeter of triangle value in the main formula called “Heron’s Formula” to find the area of a triangle.
where, s is semi-perimeter of the triangle = (a+b+c) / 2
We have seen that the area of special triangles could be obtained using the triangle formula. However, for a triangle with the sides being given usually, calculation of height would not be simple. For the same reason, we rely on Hero’s Formula to calculate the area of the triangles with unequal lengths.
Area of Triangles Examples
Find the area of an acute triangle with a base of 13 inches and a height of 5 inches.
A = (½)× b × h sq.units
⇒ A = (½) × (13 in) × (5 in)
⇒ A = (½) × (65 in2)
⇒ A = 32.5 in2
Find the area of a right-angled triangle with a base of 7cm and a height of 8cm.
A = (½) × b × h sq.units
⇒ A = (½) × (7 cm) × (8 cm)
⇒ A = (½) × (56 cm2)
⇒ A = 28 cm2
Find the area of an obtuse-angled triangle with a base of 4cm and a height 7cm.
A = (½) × b × h sq.units
⇒ A = (½) × (4 cm) × (7 cm)
⇒ A = (½) × (28 cm2)
⇒ A = 14 cm2
To learn more about the computation of the area of a triangle using Heron’s Formula, keep visiting BYJU’S – The Learning App.
Frequently Asked Questions
How to find the area of a triangle given three sides?
When the values of the three sides of the triangle are given, then we can find the area of that triangle by using Heron’s Formula. Refer to the section ‘Area of a triangle by Heron’s formula‘ mentioned in this article for complete brief.
How to find the area of a triangle using vectors?
Suppose vectors u and v are forming a triangle in space. Then, the area of this triangle is equal to half of the magnitude of the product of these two vectors, such that,
A = ½ |u + v|
How to calculate area of triangle?
For a given triangle, where base of the triangle is b and height is h, the area of the triangle can be calculated by the formula, such as;
A = ½ (b × h) Square Unit