We will discuss the properties of triangle here along with its definitions, types and its significance in Maths. A triangle definition states it is a polygon that consists of three sides, three edges, three vertices and the sum of internal angles of a triangle equal to 180^{0}. Depending upon the sides and angles of a triangle, we have the following types of triangles given below.
On the basis of Sides 
On the basis of angles 
Scalene Triangle 
Acute angled Triangle 
Isosceles Triangle 
Right angle Triangle 
Equilateral Triangle 
Obtuseangled Triangle 
So before, discussing the properties of triangles, let us discuss these abovegiven types of triangles.
Scalene Triangle: All the sides and angles are unequal.
Isosceles Triangle: It has two equal sides and angles opposite to these equal sides are also equal.
Equilateral Triangle: All the sides are equal and all the three angles are of 60^{0}.
Acute Angled Triangle: A triangle having all its angles less than 90^{0}.
Right Angled Triangle: A triangle having one of the three angles is 90^{0}.
Obtuse Angled Triangle: A triangle having one of the three angles as more than 90^{0}.
Now that you have got the details of all the triangles, let us further discuss triangle properties.
A Triangle has the following properties:
 The sum of all the angles of a triangle(of all types) is equal to 180^{0}.
 The sum of the length of the two sides of a triangle is greater than the length of the third side.
 In the same way, the difference between the two sides of a triangle is less than the length of the third side.
 The side opposite the greater angle is the longest side of all the three sides of a triangle.
 The exterior angle of a triangle is always equal to the sum of the interior opposite angles. This property of a triangle is called an exterior angle property
 Two triangles are said to be similar if their corresponding angles of both triangles are congruent and lengths of their sides are proportional.
 Area of a triangle = Â½ Ã— Base Ã— Height
 Perimeter of a triangle = sum of all its three sides
Check the links given below to learn the properties of equilateral, isosceles and scalene triangles in detail.
Example Question Based on Triangle Properties
Example: If an equilateral triangle has lengths of sides as 5 cm and a perpendicular is drawn from the vertex to the base of the triangle. Then find its area and perimeter.
Solution: Given, side of the equilateral triangle, say ABC = 5 cm
If we draw a perpendicular from the vertex of an equilateral triangle, A to the base at point O, it divides the base into two equal sides.
Such that, BO = OC = 2.5 cm
Now, the area of triangle = Â½ Ã— Base Ã— Height
To find the height of the triangle, AOB, we have to use Pythagoras theorem.
That is, Hypotenuse^{2} = Base^{2} + Perpendicular^{2}
Or Perpendicular = \(\sqrt{Hypotenuse^2Base^2}\)
Therefore, OA = \(\sqrt{AB^2OB^2}\)
Or OA = \(\sqrt{5^22.5^2}\)
OA = \(\sqrt{256.25} = \sqrt{18.75}\)
Area of triangle = Â½ Ã— OB Ã— OA
= Â½ Ã— 2.5 Ã— \(\sqrt{18.75}\) = Â½ Ã— 2.5 Ã— 4.33
Area of triangle ABC = 5.4125 cm^{2}
Perimeter of triangle ABC = sum of all its three sides
= 5+5+5 cm
= 15cm
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More on Triangle Properties 
