Surface Areas and Volumes Class 10 Notes

Surface Areas and Volumes Class 10 Notes provided here are one of the best resources that the students of class 10 can refer to and be thorough with all the concepts. The different topics from class 10 chapter 13 surface areas and volumes important concepts covered here are-

  • What is surface area and volume
  • Surface area and volume of some important figures
  • Frustum of a right circular cone
  • Example Question
  • Practice Questions

What is the Surface Area and Volume of a Figure?

Surface area is defined as the measurement of the surface of any solid figure. Surface area can be of two types-

  1. Total surface area
  2. Curved surface area or lateral surface area

Note: The Total Surface area includes the area of all the surfaces of the solid, whereas the curved surface area includes the area of the surfaces excluding the base and the top surface.

Surface Area and Volumes Class 10 Important Figures

Shape              Dimension               CSA TSA        Volume      
Cuboid Length, l

Breadth, b

Height, h

2h (l+b) 2 (lb+bh+ lh ) lxbxh
Cube Edge, a 4a2 6a2 a3
Cylinder Radius, r

Height, h

2πrh 2πr(h+r) πr2h
Cone Radius, r

Height, h

Slant height, l

πrl πr(l+r) (⅓)πr2h
Sphere Radius, r 4πr2 4πr2 (4/3)πr2

Frustum of a Right Circular Cone

Frustum of a right circular cone is the resulting shape when a right circular cone is sliced by a plane parallel to its base and the smaller conical portion is removed. The total surface area, the curved surface area, and the volume of Frustum of a Right Circular Cone is given by-

The curved surface area of a frustum of a cone π × l (r1 + r2)
The total surface area of a frustum of a cone π × l (r1 + r2) + π (r12 + r22)
The volume of a frustum of a cone 1/3 π × h (r12 + r22 + r1 r2)

Example Question

Surface Area and Volumes Class 10

 

Surface Area and Volumes Important Problems

  • An iron rod has a diameter of 1 cm and a length of 8 cm. It is drawn into a wire of length 18 m of uniform thickness. Calculate the thickness of the wire.
  • Consider a cone having a height of 24 cm and a radius of base 6 cm. If that cone is reshaped into a sphere, what would be the radius of that sphere?
  • 3 cubes having an equal volume of 64 cm3 are joined together end to end to form a cuboid. Calculate the surface area of the resulting cuboid.

Related Articles Keep visiting BYJU’S to get more such notes and access various other class 10 study materials for free.

 

Leave a Comment

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *