Cube is aÂ solid threedimensional figure, which has 6 square faces or sides. We will discuss here its definition of a cube, cube formula, properties and its importance in Maths. You must have seen 3Â Ã— 3 Rubik’s cube, which is the most common example in the reallife and it is helpful to enhance brain power. In the same way, you will come across many reallife examples of the cube, such as 6 sided dices, sugar cubes, ice cubes, etc. Solid geometry is all about threedimensional shapes and figures, which have surface areas and volumes. The other solid shapes are;
 Cuboid
 Cylinder
 Cone
 Sphere
Cube Definition
As discussed earlier, a cube is a 3D solid shape, which has 6 sides. Along with that, it has 8 vertices and 12 edges such that 3 edges meet at one vertex point. Check the given image below, defining its faces, edges and vertices.Â It is also mentioned as a square parallelepiped, an equilateral cuboid and a right rhombohedron.
Now let us discuss in brief its properties in this article, along with the cube formula such as surface area and volumes.
Cube Formula
We have discussed until now the definitions and properties of the cube along with its importance in solid geometry. Now let us learn the cube formula. The two major formulas of a cube are for surface area and volume of a solid shape.
Surface Area of Cube = 6a^{2} in a square unit
Volume of the cube = a^{3 } in cubic unitsÂ
If a is the length of the side, then,
 Length of Diagonal of Face of the Cube = âˆš2 a
 Length of Diagonal of Cube = âˆš3 a
Properties of Cube
 It has all its faces in a square shape.
 All the faces or sides have equal dimensions.
 The plane angles of the cube are the right angle.
 Each of the faces meets the other four faces.
 Each of the vertices meets the three faces and three edges.
 The edges opposite to each other in a cube are parallel.
Cube Examples
1. If the value of the side of the cube is 10cm, then find its surface area and volume.
Solution:
Given, side , a = 10cm
Therefore, by the surface area and volume formula of the cube, we can write;
Surface Area = 6a^{2} = 6 Ã— 10^{2} = 6 Ã— 100^{.}= 600 cm^{2}
Volume = a^{3 }= 10^{3} = 1000 cm^{3}
Learn more about different geometrical shapes and figures here at BYJUâ€™S. Also, download its app to get a visual of such figures and understand the concepts in a better way.
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