Scalene Triangle

In geometry, Scalene Triangle is a triangle that has all its sides of different lengths.  It means all the sides of a scalene triangle are unequal and all the three angles are also of different measures. This is one of the three types of triangles, based on sides. 

We are going to discuss here its definition, formulas for perimeter and area and its properties. The triangles are defined based on their sides and angles. In geometry, a triangle is a closed two-dimensional plane figure with three sides and three angles and is shown as a three-sided polygon. It has three vertices and three edges.

Triangle with Vertices and Edges

What is a Scalene Triangle?

A scalene triangle is a triangle in which all three sides are in different lengths, and all three angles are of different measures. However, the sum of all the interior angles is always equal to 180 degrees. Thus, it meets the angle sum property of the triangle. 

Scalene Triangle

Classification of Triangles

Based on the sides and the interior angles of a triangle, there are different types of triangle. According to the interior angles of the triangle, it can be classified into three types, namely:

According to the sides of the triangle, the triangle can be classified into three types, namely;

Types of Scalene Triangles

A scalene triangle can be classified into three categories:

  • Acute-angled scalene triangle: Circumcenter lie inside the triangle
  • Obtuse-angled scalene triangle: Circumcenter lie outside the triangle
  • Right-angled scalene triangle: Circumcenter is at the midpoint of the hypotenuse

Properties of Scalene Triangle

Some of the important properties of the scalene triangle are as follows:

  • It has no equal sides.
  • It has no equal angles.
  • It has no line of symmetry.
  • It has no point symmetry.
  • The angles inside this triangle can be an acute, obtuse or right angle.
  • If all the angles of the triangle are less than 90 degrees(acute), then the center of the circumscribing circle will lie inside a triangle.
  • In a scalene obtuse triangle, the circumcenter will lie outside the triangle.
  • A scalene triangle can be an obtuse-angled, acute-angled or right-angled triangle.

Difference Between Scalene, Isosceles and Equilateral Triangles

The basic difference between isosceles, equilateral and scalene triangles are given below in the table. Here, we have compared their angles and sides.

Scalene Triangle Isosceles Triangle Equilateral Triangle
All three sides are unequal Any two sides are equal All three sides are equal
All three angles are different Angles opposite to equal sides are equal All three angles equal to 60 degrees

Formulas of Scalene Triangle

Let us learn the formulas to find the area and perimeter of a triangle that has unequal sides and angles, or we can say the scalene triangle.

Area of a Scalene Triangle

Scalene Triangle Formula

Area  = (1/2) x b x h square units

Where,

“b” refers to the base of the triangle

“h” refers to the height of the triangle

If the sides of the triangle are given, then apply Heron’s formula.

\(\begin{array}{l}\text{Area of the triangle}\ A = \sqrt{s (s-a)(s-b)(s-c)} \ \text{square units}\end{array} \)

Where, s is the semi perimeter of a triangle, which can be found using the formula

s = (a+b+c)/2

Here,

a, b, and c denotes the sides of the triangle

Perimeter of a Scalene Triangle

The perimeter of a triangle is equal to the sum of the length of sides of a triangle and it is given as:

Perimeter  = a + b + c units

Example: Consider a given triangle

Scalene Triangle Example

To find the perimeter for the given triangle, add the sides of a triangle

Therefore, perimeter = 15 + 34 + 32 = 81 cm

Video Lesson on Types of Triangles

Solved Examples on Scalene Triangle

Ques.1: Find the area of the scalene triangle ABC with the sides 8 cm, 6 cm and 4 cm.

Solution:

Let a= 8 cm

b = 6 cm

c = 4 cm

If all the sides of a triangle are given, then use Heron’s formula.

\(\begin{array}{l}\text{Area of the triangle}\ A = \sqrt{s (s-a)(s-b)(s-c)} \ \text{square units}\end{array} \)

Now, find the semi perimeter value

s = (a+b+c)/2

s = (8+6+4)/2

s = 18/2

s = 9

Now substitute the value of S in the area formula,

\(\begin{array}{l}Area = \sqrt{9(9-8)(9-6)(9-4)}\end{array} \)

\(\begin{array}{l}=\sqrt{9(1)(3)(5)}\end{array} \)

=√135

=11.6

Therefore, the area of the scalene triangle = 11.6 cm2

Ques.2: If the sides of a triangle are 9cm, 13 cm and 14cm. Find its perimeter.

Solution: Given, length of sides of the triangle are 9cm, 13cm and 14cm. 

Perimeter = 9 + 13 + 14 = 36 cms

Practice Questions

Find the area and perimeter of a triangle, for the length of three sides, given below:

  • 3cm, 4cm and 5cm
  • 8 in., 4in. and 12in
  • 3cm, 6cm and 8cm
  • 8cm, 11cm and 13cm

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Frequently Asked Questions on Scalene triangle

What are scalene triangles?

A scalene triangle is a triangle that has all its sides unequal in length and all its angles unequal in measure.

What is the unique property of the scalene triangle?

Scalene triangle has all sides unequal. It has no line of symmetry. Interior angles can be acute, obtuse or right-angle.

Does the scalene triangle obey the angle-sum property?

Scalene triangle has all its three angles different in measures and obeys the angle sum property, i.e. the sum of the three interior angles equals 180 degrees.

What is a right-scalene triangle?

When one of the three angles measure 90 degrees and the angles or lengths of other two sides are not congruent, then the scalene triangle is called right scalene triangle.

What is the area and perimeter of scalene triangle?

Area of scalene triangle is equal to half of the product of its base-length and height.
Perimeter is equal to the sum of its three unequal sides.
Test your Knowledge on Scalene Triangle

2 Comments

  1. Thanks for helping me to solve out my final exam will be great God bless you

  2. Akash Protim Borah

    Very nice information is provided it helps me a lot for doing my school’s term-1 maths assignment

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