NCERT Solutions for Class 7 Maths Exercise 2.3 Chapter 2 Fractions and Decimals

NCERT Solutions for Class 7 Maths Exercise 2.3 Chapter 2 Fractions and Decimals is available in downloadable PDF format. Multiplication of a fraction by a fraction is the only topic covered in this exercise of NCERT Maths Solutions for Class 7 Chapter 2. From this exercise, students can learn multiplication of proper, improper and mixed fraction. Students are advised to try solving the questions from NCERT Solutions for Class 7 Maths Chapter 2 Fractions and Decimals to get more marks in Maths.

Download the PDF of NCERT Solutions For Class 7 Maths Chapter 2 Fractions and Decimals – Exercise 2.3

 

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ncert solution class 7 maths chapter 2 exercise 2.3
ncert solution class 7 maths chapter 2 exercise 2.3
ncert solution class 7 maths chapter 2 exercise 2.3

 

Access Answers to NCERT Solutions for Class 7 Maths Chapter 2 – Fractions and Decimals Exercise 2.3

1. Find:

(i) ¼ of (a) ¼ (b) 3/5 (c) 4/3

Solution:-

(a) ¼

We have,

= ¼ × ¼

By the rule Multiplication of fraction,

Product of fraction = (product of numerator)/ (product of denominator)

Then,

= ¼ × ¼

= (1 × 1)/ (4 × 4)

= (1/16)

(b) 3/5

We have,

= ¼ × (3/5)

By the rule Multiplication of fraction,

Product of fraction = (product of numerator)/ (product of denominator)

Then,

= ¼ × (3/5)

= (1 × 3)/ (4 × 5)

= (3/20)

(c) (4/3)

We have,

= ¼ × (4/3)

By the rule Multiplication of fraction,

Product of fraction = (product of numerator)/ (product of denominator)

Then,

= ¼ × (4/3)

= (1 × 4)/ (4 × 3)

= (4/12)

= 1/3

(ii) 1/7 of (a) 2/9 (b) 6/5 (c) 3/10

Solution:-

(a) 2/9

We have,

= (1/7) × (2/9)

By the rule Multiplication of fraction,

Product of fraction = (product of numerator)/ (product of denominator)

Then,

= (1/7) × (2/9)

= (1 × 2)/ (7 × 9)

= (2/63)

(b) 6/5

We have,

= (1/7) × (6/5)

By the rule Multiplication of fraction,

Product of fraction = (product of numerator)/ (product of denominator)

Then,

= (1/7) × (6/5)

= (1 × 6)/ (7 × 5)

= (6/35)

(c) 3/10

We have,

= (1/7) × (3/10)

By the rule Multiplication of fraction,

Product of fraction = (product of numerator)/ (product of denominator)

Then,

= (1/7) × (3/10)

= (1 × 3)/ (7 × 10)

= (3/70)

2. Multiply and reduce to lowest form (if possible):

(i) (2/3) × NCERT Solutions for Class 7 Maths Chapter 2 Fractions and Decimals image 57

Solution:-

First convert the given mixed fraction into improper fraction.

=NCERT Solutions for Class 7 Maths Chapter 2 Fractions and Decimals image 58= 8/3

Now,

= (2/3) × (8/3)

By the rule Multiplication of fraction,

Product of fraction = (product of numerator)/ (product of denominator)

Then,

= (2 × 8)/ (3 × 3)

= (16/9)

=NCERT Solutions for Class 7 Maths Chapter 2 Fractions and Decimals image 59

(ii) (2/7) × (7/9)

Solution:-

By the rule Multiplication of fraction,

Product of fraction = (product of numerator)/ (product of denominator)

Then,

= (2 × 7)/ (7 × 9)

= (2 × 1)/ (1 × 9)

= (2/9)

(iii) (3/8) × (6/4)

Solution:-

By the rule Multiplication of fraction,

Product of fraction = (product of numerator)/ (product of denominator)

Then,

= (3 × 6)/ (8 × 4)

= (3 × 3)/ (4 × 4)

= (9/16)

(iv) (9/5) × (3/5)

Solution:-

By the rule Multiplication of fraction,

Product of fraction = (product of numerator)/ (product of denominator)

Then,

= (9 × 3)/ (5 × 5)

= (27/25)

=NCERT Solutions for Class 7 Maths Chapter 2 Fractions and Decimals image 60

(v) (1/3) × (15/8)

Solution:-

By the rule Multiplication of fraction,

Product of fraction = (product of numerator)/ (product of denominator)

Then,

= (1 × 15)/ (3 × 8)

= (1 × 5)/ (1 × 8)

= (5/8)

(vi) (11/2) × (3/10)

Solution:-

By the rule Multiplication of fraction,

Product of fraction = (product of numerator)/ (product of denominator)

Then,

= (11 × 3)/ (2 × 10)

= (33/20)

=NCERT Solutions for Class 7 Maths Chapter 2 Fractions and Decimals image 61

(vii) (4/5) × (12/7)

Solution:-

By the rule Multiplication of fraction,

Product of fraction = (product of numerator)/ (product of denominator)

Then,

= (4 × 12)/ (5 × 7)

= (48/35)

=NCERT Solutions for Class 7 Maths Chapter 2 Fractions and Decimals image 62

3. Multiply the following fractions:

(i) (2/5) × 5 ¼

Solution:-

First convert the given mixed fraction into improper fraction.

= 5 ¼ = 21/4

Now,

= (2/5) × (21/4)

By the rule Multiplication of fraction,

Product of fraction = (product of numerator)/ (product of denominator)

Then,

= (2 × 21)/ (5 × 4)

= (1 × 21)/ (5 × 2)

= (21/10)

=NCERT Solutions for Class 7 Maths Chapter 2 Fractions and Decimals image 63

(ii) NCERT Solutions for Class 7 Maths Chapter 2 Fractions and Decimals image 64 × (7/9)

Solution:-

First convert the given mixed fraction into improper fraction.

=NCERT Solutions for Class 7 Maths Chapter 2 Fractions and Decimals image 65= 32/5

Now,

= (32/5) × (7/9)

By the rule Multiplication of fraction,

Product of fraction = (product of numerator)/ (product of denominator)

Then,

= (32 × 7)/ (5 × 9)

= (224/45)

=NCERT Solutions for Class 7 Maths Chapter 2 Fractions and Decimals image 66

(iii) (3/2) × NCERT Solutions for Class 7 Maths Chapter 2 Fractions and Decimals image 67

Solution:-

First convert the given mixed fraction into improper fraction.

=NCERT Solutions for Class 7 Maths Chapter 2 Fractions and Decimals image 68= 16/3

Now,

= (3/2) × (16/3)

By the rule Multiplication of fraction,

Product of fraction = (product of numerator)/ (product of denominator)

Then,

= (3 × 16)/ (2 × 3)

= (1 × 8)/ (1 × 1)

= 8

(iv) (5/6) × NCERT Solutions for Class 7 Maths Chapter 2 Fractions and Decimals image 69

Solution:-

First convert the given mixed fraction into improper fraction.

=NCERT Solutions for Class 7 Maths Chapter 2 Fractions and Decimals image 70= 17/7

Now,

= (5/6) × (17/7)

By the rule Multiplication of fraction,

Product of fraction = (product of numerator)/ (product of denominator)

Then,

= (5 × 17)/ (6 × 7)

= (85/42)

=NCERT Solutions for Class 7 Maths Chapter 2 Fractions and Decimals image 71

(v) NCERT Solutions for Class 7 Maths Chapter 2 Fractions and Decimals image 72 × (4/7)

Solution:-

First convert the given mixed fraction into improper fraction.

=NCERT Solutions for Class 7 Maths Chapter 2 Fractions and Decimals image 73= 17/5

Now,

= (17/5) × (4/7)

By the rule Multiplication of fraction,

Product of fraction = (product of numerator)/ (product of denominator)

Then,

= (17 × 4)/ (5 × 7)

= (68/35)

=NCERT Solutions for Class 7 Maths Chapter 2 Fractions and Decimals image 74

(vi)NCERT Solutions for Class 7 Maths Chapter 2 Fractions and Decimals image 75 × 3

Solution:-

First convert the given mixed fraction into improper fraction.

=NCERT Solutions for Class 7 Maths Chapter 2 Fractions and Decimals image 76= 13/5

Now,

= (13/5) × (3/1)

By the rule Multiplication of fraction,

Product of fraction = (product of numerator)/ (product of denominator)

Then,

= (13 × 3)/ (5 × 1)

= (39/5)

=NCERT Solutions for Class 7 Maths Chapter 2 Fractions and Decimals image 77

(vi) NCERT Solutions for Class 7 Maths Chapter 2 Fractions and Decimals image 78 × (3/5)

Solution:-

First convert the given mixed fraction into improper fraction.

=NCERT Solutions for Class 7 Maths Chapter 2 Fractions and Decimals image 79= 25/7

Now,

= (25/7) × (3/5)

By the rule Multiplication of fraction,

Product of fraction = (product of numerator)/ (product of denominator)

Then,

= (25 × 3)/ (7 × 5)

= (5 × 3)/ (7 × 1)

= (15/7)

=NCERT Solutions for Class 7 Maths Chapter 2 Fractions and Decimals image 80

4. Which is greater?

(i) (2/7) of (3/4) or (3/5) of (5/8)

Solution:-

We have,

= (2/7) × (3/4) and (3/5) × (5/8)

By the rule Multiplication of fraction,

Product of fraction = (product of numerator)/ (product of denominator)

Then,

= (2/7) × (3/4)

= (2 × 3)/ (7 × 4)

= (1 × 3)/ (7 × 2)

= (3/14) … [i]

And,

= (3/5) × (5/8)

= (3 × 5)/ (5 × 8)

= (3 × 1)/ (1 × 8)

= (3/8) … [ii]

Now, convert [i] and [ii] into like fractions,

LCM of 14 and 8 is 56

Now, let us change each of the given fraction into an equivalent fraction having 56 as the denominator.

[(3/14) × (4/4)] = (12/56)

[(3/8) × (7/7)] = (21/56)

Clearly,

(12/56) < (21/56)

Hence,

(3/14) < (3/8)

(ii) (1/2) of (6/7) or (2/3) of (3/7)

Solution:-

We have,

= (1/2) × (6/7) and (2/3) × (3/7)

By the rule Multiplication of fraction,

Product of fraction = (product of numerator)/ (product of denominator)

Then,

= (1/2) × (6/7)

= (1 × 6)/ (2 × 7)

= (1 × 3)/ (1 × 7)

= (3/7) … [i]

And,

= (2/3) × (3/7)

= (2 × 3)/ (3 × 7)

= (2 × 1)/ (1 × 7)

= (2/7) … [ii]

By comparing [i] and [ii],

Clearly,

(3/7) > (2/7)

5. Saili plants 4 saplings, in a row, in her garden. The distance between two adjacent saplings is ¾ m. Find the distance between the first and the last sapling.

Solution:-

From the question, it is given that,

The distance between two adjacent saplings = ¾ m

Number of saplings planted by Saili in a row = 4

Then, number of gap in saplings = ¾ × 4

= 3

∴The distance between the first and the last saplings = 3 × ¾

= (9/4) m

= 2 ¼ m

Hence, the distance between the first and the last saplings is 2 ¼ m.

6. Lipika reads a book for 1 ¾ hours every day. She reads the entire book in 6 days. How many hours in all were required by her to read the book?

Solution:-

From the question, it is given that,

Lipika reads the book for = 1 ¾ hours every day = 7/4 hours

Number of days she took to read the entire book = 6 days

∴Total number of hours required by her to complete the book = (7/4) × 6

= (7/2) × 3

= 21/2

= 10 ½ hours

Hence, the total number of hours required by her to complete the book is 10 ½ hours.

7. A car runs 16 km using 1 litre of petrol. How much distance will it cover using 2 ¾ litres of petrol.

Solution:-

From the question, it is given that,

The total number of distance travelled by a car in 1 liter of petrol = 16 km

Then,

Total quantity of petrol = 2 ¾ liter = 11/4 liters

Total number of distance travelled by car in 11/4 liters of petrol = (11/4) × 16

= 11 × 4

= 44 km

∴Total number of distance travelled by car in 11/4 liters of petrol is 44 km.

8. (a) (i) provide the number in the box [ ], such that (2/3) × [ ] = (10/30)

Solution:-

Let the required number be x,

Then,

= (2/3) × (x) = (10/30)

By cross multiplication,

= x = (10/30) × (3/2)

= x = (10 × 3) / (30 × 2)

= x = (5 × 1) / (10 × 1)

= x = 5/10

∴The required number in the box is (5/20)

(ii) The simplest form of the number obtained in [ ] is

Solution:-

The number in the box is 5/10

Then,

The simplest form of 5/10 is ½

(b) (i) provide the number in the box [ ], such that (3/5) × [ ] = (24/75)

Solution:-

Let the required number be x,

Then,

= (3/5) × (x) = (24/75)

By cross multiplication,

= x = (24/75) × (5/3)

= x = (24 × 5) / (75 × 3)

= x = (8 × 1) / (15 × 1)

= x = 8/15

∴The required number in the box is (8/15)

(ii) The simplest form of the number obtained in [ ] is

Solution:-

The number in the box is 8/15

Then,

The simplest form of 8/15 is 8/15


Access Other Exercises of NCERT Solutions For Class 7 Maths Chapter 2 – Fractions and Decimals

Exercise 2.1 Solutions

Exercise 2.2 Solutions

Exercise 2.4 Solutions

Exercise 2.5 Solutions

Exercise 2.6 Solutions

Exercise 2.7 Solutions

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