Difference Between Bacteria and Fungi

Microbes are ubiquitous, found in every possible nook and corner as they are adaptable to any harsh climatic condition. Bacteria and fungi are microbes, tiny/microscopic inhabiting in almost every ecosystem. Where some can be harmful, some other microbes actively participate in biological processes, crucial biological cycles taking place thereby playing a vital role ecologically.

They may be minuscule, however, bacteria and fungi differ in their cellular makeup completely. While bacteria are prokaryotic entities, fungi are eukaryotes. Explore the differences in detail.

Bacteria

  • These are prokaryotic entities and single-celled
  • They do not have a nucleus or any other organelle, and cannot reproduce sexually
  • They have a cell wall made of peptidoglycan
  • Most of these are found hosted in our intestines safeguarding us from pathogens, aiding in food digestion and helping synthesize vitamins

Fungi

  • Eukaryotic entities and multicellular
  • The nuclei contain chromosomes and other organelles such as ribosomes and mitochondria
  • They have a cell wall made of chitin

Difference Between Bacteria and Fungi

The table below lists some of the important differences between Bacteria and fungi

Bacteria Fungi
Definition
Most ancient entities known, microscopic, unicellular, prokaryotic, cell structure is rather simple Eukaryotic, Multicellular, cell structure is complicated
Producers/Decomposers
Can be both producers(chemosynthetic bacteria, photosynthetic bacteria) and decomposers(Soil bacteria) Typically these are decomposers
Features
  • Cell organelles absent
  • Nucleus absent
  • Cell wall made of peptidoglycan
  • Cell organelles present
  • Nucleus present
  • Cell wall made of chitin
pH environment for best growth
Neutral pH value (6.5-7.0) Slightly acidic where pH is 4-6
Presence of cell membrane
Below the cell wall Yes, present
Shape/structure
3 different shapes

  • Round – cocci
  • Spiral – Spirella
  • Rod – Bacillus
Mostly thread-like structures known as hyphae but vary in shapes
Sterols in cell membrane
Absent, except in mycoplasma Present
Nutrition mode
Autotrophs, mostly heterotrophs Heterotrophs feed on dead and decaying matter
Reproduction mode
Asexual(binary fission) Either sexual or asexual
Locomotion
Through structures known as a flagellum Non-motile
Energy derivation source
Proteins, sugar, fats Used and already existing sources from the environment
Sensitivity to
Antibiotics such as Chloramphenicol, Penicillin Griseofulvin
Resistance towards
Griseofulvin Antibiotics such as Chloramphenicol, Penicillin
Pathogens causing these diseases
Leprosy, Cholera, Tuberculosis, Tetanus Aspergillosis, Athlete’s foot, Allergic bronchopulmonary
Components
  • Nucleoid
  • Pilus
  • Glycocalyx
  • Mesosomes
  • Cell wall
  • Flagellum
  • Fimbriae
  • Granules
  • Ribosomes
  • Endospore
  • Cell membrane
  • Nucleus
  • Cytoplasm
  • Golgi apparatus
  • Mitochondria
  • Peroxisomes
  • Lysosomes
  • Cell wall
  • Endoplasmic reticulum
  • Plasma membrane
  • Ribosomes
Example
Lactobacillus lactis, faecal bacteria, Escherichia coli Brewer’s yeast, White button mushroom

Here you found differences between bacteria and fungi. Check out other articles at BYJU’S for more information on important concepts for NEET 2020.

 

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