Difference between Communicable and Non-communicable diseases

Communicable and Non-communicable diseases

Communicable diseases are those diseases, which can be transferred from one individual to another. Typically, it is caused by pathogens such as viruses, bacteria. For instance diseases such as AIDS, malaria, dengue etc. On the other hand, non-communicable diseases are the diseases which are not transmitted from one to another person. These are typically some of the allergies, nutrient deficiencies etc.

Difference between Communicable and Non-communicable diseases

The table below depicts the important differences between communicable and non-communicable diseases.

Communicable Diseases Non-communicable diseases
Definition
Diseases spread from one to another person. Can be spread through water, air etc Diseases cannot be transmitted from one to another person
Causative
Pathogens that are highly infectious and vectors transmit these diseases Here, the causative are allergies, malnutrition, illness due to internal factors, lifestyle changes, environmental changes, abnormalities in cell proliferation etc
Agent causing infection
Virus, bacteria No agents
Inheritance factor
Cannot be inherited from one generation to another Can be inherited from one generation to another
Example
AIDS, Typhoid, Tuberculosis, Malaria, Cholera Allergies, heart diseases, diabetes
Type of disease
As it can develop almost immediately, it is acute As it develops over a period of time and lasts for long, it is chronic
Treatment
Traditional methods/therapies Surgically or specialized methodologies

These were some important differences between communicable and non-communicable diseases. Explore differences on more topics at BYJU’S for NEET 2020.

 

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