Causes Of Stress

Stress is a normal part of life, and it may manifest itself in different ways. However, stress is not always bad; in fact, it can be a motivator, which helps the body prepare to prepare for potentially dangerous and life-threatening situations.

What is Stress?

Stress, from a biological perspective, is defined as a reaction to change or a process of responding to any kind of perceived threat.

Usually, stress stimulates the release of hormones such as adrenaline, cortisol and noradrenaline, which in turn, induces several changes in the body that prepare it for fight or flight situations.

We experience stress from different factors, including our environment, our body, and even our thoughts.

Causes of Stress

There are different factors that can cause stress, and every individual has different stress triggers. According to research, work-related stress is one of the most significant causes of stress. Other causes of stress include:

  • Marital issues
  • Unemployment
  • Health issues
  • Work pressure
  • Lack of support
  • Traumatic events or accidents
  • Emotional trauma/ Poor mental health
  • Financial commitments
  • Perilous working conditions
  • Long work hours

Symptoms of Stress

The symptoms of stress may vary. However, the most common symptoms  are:

  1. Anxiety
  2. Insomnia
  3. Migraines
  4. Dizziness
  5. Headaches
  6. Depression
  7. Weight gain
  8. Hypertension
  9. Heart disease
  10. Rapid heartbeat
  11. Shortness of breath
  12. Tension
  13. Poor memory
  14. Issues with concentration

Chronic stress can also lead to:

  1. Stroke

Types of Stress

According to the American Psychological Association (APA), stress can be classified into three different types based on their characteristics, symptoms, duration, and treatment approaches.

  1. Acute stress — This is the most common type of stress and usually caused by imagining or thinking about the pressures of past events or upcoming demands in the future.
  2. Episodic acute stress — This type of stress occurs when an individual gets regular bouts of acute stress.
  3. Chronic stress — This type of stress occurs when someone feels trapped in a bad situation.

Effects of Stress on Your Health

There are some physical changes which a person experiences during stress. These physical changes include- headache, irritability, mood swings, sleep disorders, etc. Prolonged stress can adversely affect health, leading to conditions such as

  • Fatigue
  • Depression
  • Atherosclerosis
  • Fertility problems
  • Breathing problems
  • Weight gain or loss
  • Abnormal heartbeat
  • High blood pressure
  • Heart-related disorders
  • Cramps and constipation

Tips for  Managing Stress

  • Always have positive thoughts
  • Have a healthy and  balanced diet
  • Exercise regularly
  • Ensure adequate sleep
  • Practice meditation and breathing techniques

Important Questions on Stress:

  • What Is Stress?

Stress, from a biological perspective, is defined as a reaction to change or a process of responding to any kind of perceived threat.

  • What are the common signs and symptoms of stress?

Headaches, weight loss, frequent sickness, mood swings, inability to concentrate, loss of appetite.

  • What are the causes of stress?

There are various causes of stress ranging from marital issues, unemployment, health issues, work pressure and even lack of emotional support.

To learn more about stress, or other related topics, visit BYJU’S Biology.

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